President of El Salvador

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President of El Salvador
President d'El Salvador
Coat of Arms of El Salvador.png
Orlando Pareja Palau as President of El Salvador.jpg
Incumbent
Orlando Pareja Palau

since 1 November 2019
StyleHis Excellency
AbbreviationPES
ResidencePresidential Palace
AppointerElected by the citizenry
Term length5 years, infinitely renewable
PrecursorCaptain General of El Salvador
King of El Salvador
Formation1 November 1888
First holderLluís Altayo Ramió
DeputyVice President of El Salvador
SalarySPS¢50,000 annually
WebsiteOfficial website

The president of El Salvador is the formal head of state and government of the Imperial Republic of El Salvador.

List of presidents

Captain Generals

The precursor to the modern presidency of El Salvador was the captaincy generalship. From 1858 to 1888, El Salvador, then known as Nuevo Honduras, was governed by Creeperopolis as a captaincy general (effectively a protectorate) with the captain general as Creeperopolis' main colonial overseer. The captain general served as the executive head of government of the country, while the King served as the ceremonial head of state. Creeperopolis began to govern El Salvador after a 2 month-long military campaign to gain control of the country.

Portrait Captain General
(Birth–Death)
Term of office & mandate
Duration in years and days
Party King
(Term)
1 Miguel Santín Castillo Brigadier
Miguel Santín Castillo

(1819–1859)
10 July
1858
26 January
1859
Military Josep II
(1858–1865)
200 days
2 Joaquín Guzmán Ynsfrán Brigadier
Joaquín Guzmán Ynsfrán

(1821–1880)
26 January
1859
1 February
1873
Military
14 years and 6 days Josep III
(1865–1888)
3 Carlos Ezeta Beltrán Brigadier
Carlos Ezeta Beltrán

(1836–1900)
1 February
1873
1 November
1888
Military
15 years and 274 days

Presidents of the parliamentary republic

In 1888, with the democratization of Creeperopolis the year prior, republicans in El Salvador demanded similar democratization of the country. In February 1888, a plebiscite was held wether to establish an elected parliament under the King or the outright abolition of the monarchy; 58 percent voted to abolish the monarchy, and in August 1888, an election was held to elect a president and a prime minister. The monarchy was abolished on 1 November 1888 and King Josep III went into exile in Creeperopolis. The captaincy generalship was renamed to the presidency, and the position moved from head of government to head of state.

Portrait President
(Birth–Death)
Term of office & mandate
Duration in years and days
Party Prime Minister
(Term)
1 Lluís Altayo Ramió His Excellency
Lluís Altayo Ramió

(1840–1910)
1 November
1888
1 November
1894
1888 Liberal Party Sergi Falguera Padilla
(1888–1891)
6 years and 0 days Abelard Acebron Bayer
(1891–1900)
2 Esdres Fontcuberta Lacruz His Excellency
Esdres Fontcuberta Lacruz

(1846–1911)
1 November
1894
1 November
1900
1894 Conservative Party
6 years and 0 days
3 Lluís Altayo Ramió His Excellency
Lluís Altayo Ramió

(1840–1910)
1 November
1900
15 April
1908
1900 Liberal Party Sergi Falguera Padilla
(1900–1903)
1906 Roderic Genestar Paniego
(1903–1908)
7 years and 166 days

Presidents of the presidential republic

In 1908, President Lluís Altayo Ramió made a move to increase presidential power and limit the power the legislature had over the government. He called for a plebiscite which would determine if the position of prime minister would be abolished and the presidency was given authorities as head of state and head of government. The plebiscite resulted in 64 percent voting in favor of Altayo Ramió's proposals, however, the election has subsequently been seen as fraudulent and Altayo Ramió's abolition of the premiership on 15 April 1908 is now considered to be a self coup. Additionally, he extended presidential terms to seven years from six, and the Party of the Salvadoran People made a move to hold a firm grip on the presidency.

Portrait President
(Birth–Death)
Term of office & mandate
Duration in years and days
Party Vice President
(Term)
3 Lluís Altayo Ramió His Excellency
Lluís Altayo Ramió

(1840–1910)
15 April
1908
2 July
1910
Liberal Party Sergi Falguera Padilla
(1908–1910)
2 years and 78 days
Sergi Falguera Padilla His Excellency
Sergi Falguera Padilla

(1850–1925)
Acting President
2 July
1910
1 November
1910
Liberal Party Vacant
(1910)
122 days
4 Amadeu Fullados Fañé His Excellency
Amadeu Fullados Fañé

(1849–1921)
1 November
1910
1 November
1918
1910 Liberal Party Josep Graupera Arxe
(1910–1918)
1912
8 years and 0 days
Vícenç Ramoneda Casadejús His Excellency
Vícenç Ramoneda Casadejús

(1859–1933)
1 November
1918
4 January
1933
1918 Salvadoran Restoration Party Gedeó Campllonch Pallàs
(1918–1930)
5 1924 Salvadoran Nationalist Alliance
1930 Josep Boixadé Callo
(1930–1933)
14 years and 64 days
6 Josep Boixadé Callo His Excellency
Josep Boixadé Callo

(1889–1953)
4 January
1933
29 October
1953
Salvadoran Nationalist Alliance/
Salvadoran Initiative
Vacant
(1933–1936)
1936 Raül Cavalle Cuadrat
(1936–1948)
1942
1948 Adalbert Espasí Masrramon
(1948–1953)
20 years and 298 days
7 Adalbert Espasí Masrramon His Excellency
Adalbert Espasí Masrramon

(1899–1964)
29 October
1953
1 November
1954
Salvadoran Initiative Vacant
(1953–1954)
1 year and 3 days

Presidents of the State of Granada

With the start of the Creeperian Civil War, Salvadoran communists and socialists staged a coup against the government of President Josep Boixadé Callo. The coup succeeded, and Boixadé Callo and Prime Minister Gonçal Salvatel Viñallon were killed during the coup. Tomàs Regalat Esglaó, a prominent communist leader, was proclaimed as president and changed the country's name to the State of Granada. He declared the country's allegiance with the National Council for Peace and Order.

Portrait President
(Birth–Death)
Term of office & mandate
Duration in years and days
Party Vice President
(Term)
1 Jeroni Vallespir Nardi His Excellency
Jeroni Vallespir Nardi

(1886–1935)
Provisional President (1933)
4 January
1933
1 November
1933
Communist Party of Granada Vacant
(1933)
1 November
1933
16 July
1935
1933 Sever Verdagué Llovet
(1933–1935)
2 years and 193 days

Presidents of the Imperial Republic

Portrait President
(Birth–Death)
Term of office & mandate
Duration in years and days
Party Vice President
(Term)
7 Adalbert Espasí Masrramon His Excellency
Adalbert Espasí Masrramon

(1899–1964)
1 November
1954
29 February
1964
1954 Salvadoran Initiative Absaló Sancliment Launes
(1954–1964)
1959
9 years and 120 days
8 Absaló Sancliment Launes His Excellency
Absaló Sancliment Launes

(1894–1986)
29 February
1964
1 November
1964
Salvadoran Initiative Vacant
(1964)
246 days
9 Domènec Higuerue Vinyet Divisional General
Domènec Higuerue Vinyet

(1911–2001)
1 November
1964
1 November
1984
1964 Salvadoran Initiative/Military Llàtzer Nacenta Adrover
(1964–1979)
1969
1974
1979 Josep Esteba Treserra
(1979–1984)
20 years and 0 days
10 Josep Esteba Treserra His Excellency
Josep Esteba Treserra

(1913–2008)
1 November
1984
1 November
1994
1984 Salvadoran Initiative Pascual Paton Gimpera
(1984–1994)
1989
10 years and 0 days
11 Pascual Paton Gimpera His Excellency
Pascual Paton Gimpera

(1924–2017)
1 November
1994
1 November
1999
1994 Salvadoran Initiative Conrad Orench Pareras
(1994–1999)
5 years and 0 days
12 Reginald Subirós Balcells His Excellency
Reginald Subirós Balcells

(born 1953)
1 November
1999
1 November
2009
1999 Salvadoran Initiative Justí Berlinguer Climent
(1999–2009)
2004
10 years and 0 days
13 Octavi Duaigues Casadevall His Excellency
Octavi Duaigues Casadevall

(born 1965)
1 November
2009
1 November
2019
2009 Salvadoran Initiative Roderic Tarragona Montanuy
(2009–2019)
2014
10 years and 0 days
14 Orlando Pareja Palau His Excellency
Orlando Pareja Palau

(born 1974)
1 November
2019
Incumbent 2019 Salvadoran Initiative Zèfir Cladera Mirambell
(2019–present)
4 years and 235 days

See also