Orlando Pareja Palau
Orlando Pareja Palau
Որլանդո Պարեջա Պալափ
|24th President of El Salvador|
|Assumed office |
1 January 2020
|Vice President||Zèfir Cladera Mirambell|
|Preceded by||Roderic Tarragona Montanuy|
|Caudillo of the Salvadoran Initiative[note 1]|
|Assumed office |
1 January 2020
|Deputy||José Rodríguez Perezalonso|
|Preceded by||Conradí Prunera Farnós|
|11th Vice President of El Salvador|
1 January 2015 – 1 January 2020
|President||Roderic Tarragona Montanuy|
|Preceded by||Roderic Tarragona Montanuy|
|Succeeded by||Zèfir Cladera Mirambell|
|17th Minister of Education of El Salvador|
1 January 2015 – 1 January 2020
|President||Roderic Tarragona Montanuy|
|Preceded by||Bernabè Pujiula Tudó|
|Succeeded by||Ezequies Castellar Guillamé|
Orlando Óscar Pareja y Palau
24 February 1974
Nandarados, Vallepital, El Salvador
|Political party||Salvadoran Initiative|
Gabriela Rodríguez Perezalonso (m. 1999)
|Years of service||2000–2005|
|Rank||Legislative Military Associate|
|Unit||1st Infantry Division|
Orlando Óscar Pareja y Palau, 1st Duke of Pareja-Palau OSP SRM OSC HRLN (Creeperian: Որլանդո Օսծար Պարեջա յ Պալափ; Salvadoran: Orlando Òscar Parella i Palau;[note 2] born 24 February 1974), also known by his initials OPP (ՈՊՊ), is a Salvadoran politician and author who serves as the incumbent president of El Salvador and the leader of the Salvadoran Initiative (INSAL), the sole legal political party in El Salvador.
Born in 1974 to Creepero-Salvadoran parents, Pareja Palau attended the University of Ciutat dels Àngels, and then later the Antonio José Sáenz y Heredia University. In January 2000, he became a member of the Tribunals Generals, the country's legislature, after succeeding his father, Rafael Pareja Ortez, to Vallepital's 3rd District seat. In his first five years as a member of the Tribunals Generals from 2000 to 2005, he served as a Legislative Military Associate (AMILE) with the 1st Infantry Division to satisfy a clause of the constitution of El Salvador which mandates that all members of the Tribunals Generals have served five years in the armed forces or the police force to be a member.
Throughout his membership of the Tribunals Generals, Pareja Palau wrote various historical books which recounted the history and historical events of El Salvador and Creeperopolis. The publications of his works, such as History of the Presidents (2002) and History of the Kings (2004), earned him several awards and helped get him appointed as chairman of the Tribunals Generals' Education Commission in January 2005. In January 2015, he was elected by a 72–11 majority and was also appointed as the country's vice president, and was later appointed as the minister of education by President Roderic Tarragona Montanuy. His election and appointment was opposed by a faction of legislators who believed he was intentionally disrespecting and disregarding the legislature's traditions and procedures.
He became president of El Salvador on 1 January 2020 after being elected by a 72–10 majority in the Tribunals Generals, with the same eleven legislators who opposed his vice presidential election also opposing his presidential election. Pareja Palau nominated Zèfir Cladera Mirambell, one of his strongest supporters, as his vice president, and he was approved by the legislature by a 70–11–2 majority. In his first year in office, he started the Granada Initiative infrastructure project, led a crackdown against gang activity in the country, and led El Salvador into joining the CODECO Mission in Sequoyah (COMISEQ). Pareja Palau has attended four summits of the Cooperation and Development Coalition (CODECO), an international economic and military alliance which El Salvador is a member of. Additionally, throuhgout his presidency, he has affirmed his commitment to supporting the self-declared Free Republic of Noundures in attaining its independence from Salisford and has held three summit with the free republic's presidents between 2020 and 2023.
In December 2021 and January 2022, Pareja Palau's political opponents organized protests against Pareja Palau's government, demanding the democratization of the country and his resignation from office. Pareja Palau's government responded by arresting many protestors and by removing all his political opponents from the Tribunals Generals, and tens of thousands more Salvadorans protested in support of Pareja Palau. Adán Tamayo Navarro, the opposition's main leader, was found dead in his home in mid-January 2022 of an alleged suicide, however, many believe that he was assassinated on orders of Pareja Palau which has led to widespread condemnation. Since the protests, Pareja Palau has continued to order the removal and even arrests of his political opponents from their positions, furthering his consolidation of power and influence in the Salvadoran government.
Pareja Palau has been described by his political opponents and by foreign media as an autocrat, a strongman, and a dictator. He has blatantly ignored government rules and procedures, appointed himself as the leader of the Salvadoran Initiative, and removed his political opponents from government positions. Pareja Palau has made overtly offensive remarks both before and during his presidency, which have been described by foreign media outlets as discriminatory and insensitive in nature. El Salvador during his presidency has been cited as a case of democratic backsliding. He has also been accused of corruption and human rights abuses. Despite his political controversy, he retains a high public approval rating, however, may have questioned and criticized his approval figures as they mainly derived from pro-government or government-controlled sources.
Pareja Palau is a self-proclaimed Romerist and supporter of National Catholicism, which has been praised by some foreign politicians and criticized by others. He is a monarchist and has publicly commented on multiple occasions that he wants to be a monarch; in April 2023, he announced his intention to seek re-election in 2025 and made remarks regarding a potential coronation in July 2025. Pareja Palau is an outspoken opponent of democracy, writing a book titled The Inconvenient Truth About Democracy which was published in 2021 and criticizes the democratic system. He supports capital punishment, is an anti-communist, rejects the concept of human rights, and has frequently opposed the Terraconserva Council of Nations (TCN) on several issues.
- 1 Early life
- 2 Member of the Tribunals Generals (2000–2015)
- 3 Vice presidency (2015–2020)
- 4 Presidency (2020–present)
- 5 Personal life
- 6 Published works
- 7 Awards and honors
- 8 Electoral history
- 9 See also
- 10 Notes
- 11 References
- 12 External links
Notable published works
Orlando Óscar Pareja y Palau was born on 24 February 1974 in Nandarados, Vallepital, El Salvador. His father is Rafael Armando Pareja y Ortez and his mother is María Esmeralda Palau y Kattán de Pareja. He is the second of three children, with his older sister being Susana Layla Pareja y Palau and his younger brother being Jesús Adolfo Pareja y Palau. Pareja Palau's family is descended of Creeperian military officer Jeremías Pareja Hidalgo who participated in the Creeperian conquest of El Salvador and settled in the country, making him a Creepero-Salvadoran.
Pareja Palau attended his primary and secondary education at the Jonatan Teodor Peret i Massanet Municipal Academy in Nandarados from 1979 to 1991. After his graduation, he attended the University of Ciutat dels Àngels (UCDA) and studied law and political science from 1992 to 1995. Later, attended the Antonio José Sáenz y Heredia University in San Romero, Creeperopolis, in 1996 and 1997 to complete his master's degree. According to Pareja Palau himself, he scored a 1,101 out of 1,326 on the National University Acceptance Exam.
Throughout his studies, he wrote History of Catholicism which he published in 1998, and is considered to be one of the most important works of non-fiction by Creeperian academics, and subsequently won him the Best Creeperian Author award for 1998. After completing his master's degree, Pareja Palau worked at the Antonio José Sáenz y Heredia University as a part-time professor of political science during the 1998 and 1999 academic years.
Member of the Tribunals Generals (2000–2015)
First term: 2000–2005
In mid-1999, Pareja Palau's father announced that he would be retiring from service in the Tribunals Generals, the legislature of El Salvador, and he petitioned members of the Salvadoran Initiative (INSAL), the country's sole legal political party, from Vallepital's 3rd district to vote for his son Orlando to replace him. His petition succeeded, and Pareja Palau was elected as a member of the Tribunals Generals on 1 December 1999. He assumed office on 1 January 2000, becoming the youngest member of the Tribunals Generals at the age of 25. Upon his first day in the legislature, he partook in the election for the next president of El Salvador. The legislature's 83 eligible voting members voted unanimously to elect Vice President Isaac Viscarri Lleó to serve as president for the 2000–2005 presidential term.
According to the constitution of El Salvador, all members of the Tribunals Generals must have served five full years either the Salvadoran Armed Forces (FAS) or the Salvadoran National Police (PNS) before becoming a member. Despite this requirement, the majority of members meet the requirement through serving as a Legislative Military Associate (abbreviated and commonly referred to as an AMILE)—or a non-enlisted/non-commissioned observer who observes the military and its actions. As such, from 2000 to 2005, Pareja Palau served as an AMILE with the 1st Infantry Division of the Salvadoran Army (EXSAL).
During his tenure as a member of the Tribunals Generals, Pareja Palau wrote various books and novels about the histories of El Salvador and Creeperopolis, with the first he wrote being History of El Salvador which he published in 2001. The book was praised as being historically neutral and accurate by Salvadoran and Creeperian academics, and the book won him the Best Salvadoran Author award for 2001. The next year, he published History of the Presidents, which also won him the Best Salvadoran Author award for 2002.
Second term: 2005–2010
Pareja Palau we was re-elected to a second term as a member to the Tribunals Generals on 1 December 2004, and on 1 January 2005, he voted with the legislature's unanimous vote to elect Vice President Enrique Juárez Calles to serve as president of El Salvador for the 2005–2010 presidential term. He was also nominated by Juárez Calles, who was the first ethnic Creeperian to serve as president of El Salvador since Field Marshal Armando Molina Barraza left office in January 1980, as the chairman of the Tribunals Generals' Education Commission to replace the retiring Miquel Mestres Olmo. Although he was not legally allowed to serve as chairman without first serving a full term on the commission, Juárez Calles forewent the requirement and nominated Pareja Palau anyway, and the Tribunals Generals also ignored the requirement and voted 75–8 in favor of appointing Pareja Palau as the commission's chairman.
The eight deputies which voted against Pareja Palau's voiced their concerns for the blatant disregard of the legislature's traditions and requirements. One of the deputies, Gedeó Deltell Masmitjà, was a member of the Education Commission, and in response to his vocal opposition to his appointment, Pareja Palau removed Deltell Masmitjà from the commission on 2 January 2005, a move which was criticized by the eight deputies and their supporters as an "concerningly authoritarian" act. They petitioned Juárez Calles to remove Pareja Palau as chairman of the Education Commission for abuse of power, but Juárez Calles rejected their petition. Deltell Masmitjà was replaced by Pascual Figuerol Barberí the following day.
While serving as chairman, Pareja Palau helped the Tribunals Generals pass legislation which increased government funding and subsidies to colleges and universities and increased access to higher standards of education Salvadorans. According to a study done by Estadística Nacional SV, standardized exam scores improved by 4.6 percent on average between 2005 and 2010, and the increased was attributed to Pareja Palau's actions as chairman of the Education Commission. In June 2009, Pareja Palau met with Ricard Porxas Berber, the Salvadoran minister of education, and Augusto Herrera Linares, the Creeperian minister of education, to discuss how both Creeperopolis and El Salvador can cooperate to improve quality of education in both countries.
Third term: 2010–2015
Pareja Palau was re-elected to a third term as a member of the Tribunals Generals on 1 December 2009, and on 1 January 2020, he joined the 76-vote majority in the legislature to elect Vice President Urbà Novoa Cabanes to serve as president of El Salvador for the 2010–2015 presidential term. Additionally, the legislature voted 75–8 to affirm him as the chairman of the Education Commission, with the same eight deputies which voted against him in 2005 voting against him again in 2010. Deputy Adán Tamayo Navarro was Pareja Palau's most vocal opponent and and became the figurehead of the movement within the legislature which opposed Pareja Palau.
During his third term, Pareja Palau continued to promote legislation which supported education institutions. On 16 May 2013, Vícenç Servitje Saura, a deputy who was a member of the Infrastructure Commission, died in a plane crash in El Mozote, and Pareja Palau managed to get himself appointed as Servitje Saura's replacement on 1 June 2013. His appointment was opposed by the group of deputies who opposed his actions, which they continued to criticize and increasingly authoritarian, accusations which Pareja Palau has rejected and even mocked.
Vice presidency (2015–2020)
In 2015, for the third time, Pareja Palau was re-elected to the Tribunals General. He joined the 81-vote majority in the legislature to elect Vice President Roderic Tarragona Montanuy to serve as president of El Salvador for the 2015–2020 presidential term. After Tarragona Montanuy was elected, he nominated Pareja Palau to serve as his vice president. Pareja Palau accepted Tarragona Montanuy's nomination, and the legislature voted 72–11 to approve Pareja Palau as vice president of El Salvador. Upon assuming the position of vice president, Pareja Palau was no longer a member of the legislature, and his seat was subsequently filled by his younger brother, Jesús, who was the district's auxiliary deputy.[note 3]
That same day, Tarragona Montanuy appointed Pareja Palau as El Salvador's minister of eduction, citing the vast improvement in the country's education system following his appointment as chairman of the Education Commission. He was automatically appointed, as cabinet positions in El Salvador are directly appointed by the president with no input from the legislature. Pareja Palau promised that he would continue to improve the standard and quality of education in the country.
Pareja Palau's appointment to both positions was criticized by his opponents, which had increased in numbers as some more deputies began to fear that Pareja Palau's political ambitions were growing ever more authoritarian the longer he remains in national politics. The eleven deputies which voted against Pareja Palau's appointment as vice president made an urgent request to Tarragona Montanuy to reconsider his decision and remove Pareja Palau as vice president, and to also remove him as minister of education. Tarragona Montanuy rejected the request, and Pareja Palau mocked the request and the intelligence of those who oppose him, which was strongly criticized by his opponents and by some foreign media outlets and "unprofessional" and "disrespectful". Regarding his term as minister of eduction, many foreign analysts questioned the effectiveness of Pareja Palau's education policies and criticized his policies outright, describing them as "revisionist", "deceptive", and "overly censored".
During his vice presidency, Pareja Palau made state visits to Creeperopolis and the State of the Church, meeting directly with Creeperian Emperor Alexander II in 2015 and 2018, and with Pope Francisco I in 2015 and 2017. On 15 September 2018, he signed into law a bill which the legislature passed the day prior regarding the decontamination of some lakes in northeastern El Salvador. He signed the law while Tarragona Montanuy was in Creeperopolis to attend the 18 June Liberation Parade, however, he was not allowed by the constitution to sign bills into law on behalf of the president, and several deputies and even some news media outlets condemned Pareja Palau's abuse of power. When Tarragona Montanuy returned from Creeperopolis, he addressed Pareja Palau's critics by stating that he expressly told Pareja Palau that he can sign laws into affect on his behalf, and he further added that he would have signed the law regardless.
Election as president
In late-2019, with the next presidential term approaching, Pareja Palau again stood for election for the Tribunals Generals with the ambition of being the 8th consecutive vice president to succeed the president to the presidency. He made official his intention to stand for election upon the next session of the Tribunals Generals in January 2020, and immediately upon his announcement, the various deputies who opposed Pareja Palau's growing authoritarian tendencies announced that they would support Tamayo Navarro's candidacy for president, the first time since 1995 that the vice president was challenged by another member of the legislature to the presidency.
On 1 December 2019, Pareja Palau was overwhelmingly re-elected by party members in Vallepital's 3rd District to serve as its deputy in t he Tribunals Generals for a fourth term, and his brother Jesús was again elected as his auxiliary deputy, despite the best efforts of Tamayo Navarro to support opposition candidates Pascual Vellvé Pujol and Irene Arbolí Demas to de-seat Pareja Palau. He attempted to discredit Pareja Palau by claiming that his achievements were actually made by the four presidents he served under, and that he was seeking to become a totalitarian dictator, comparing him to Lluís Altayo Ramió, who effectively abolished free Salvadoran democracy in the early 1900s, and Tomàs Regalat Esglaó, who deposed the Salvadoran government and aligned the country (renamed as the State of Granada) with the far-left National Council for Peace and Order (National Council).
In mid-December 2019, Tamayo Navarro challenged Pareja Palau to a debate prior to the presidential election to gauge input from the Salvadoran people on who they believed they should be president, despite the fact that the citizenry has no say in the election of the president. Pareja Palau agreed, and the two held a debate in at the University of Ciutat dels Àngels on 20 December 2019. During the debate, Pareja Palau outlined his plans to continue his dedication to improving education, encourage foreign investments in the country, crackdown on gang activity and crime, develop the country's infrastructure along the Granada River, and get the country involved in the then proposal to create a large trade organization and military alliance between various Surian and Ecrosian nations. Tamayo Navarro, meanwhile, refuted much of what Pareja Palau proposed, while his only real proposal was to democratize the country by instituting direct, nationwide elections for the presidency, more open and less restrictive elections for legislative deputies, and the reinstatement of local elections for local politicians.
Tamayo Navarro and the opposition hoped that the thought of democratization would be enough to convince the Salvadoran people to oppose Pareja Palau, even in the legislature was not convinced, to put pressure on the country's deputies to follow the will of the people. The opposition's plan failed, however, as 74 percent of those polled by Estadística Nacional SV and El Salvadoreño supported Pareja Palau, while only 12 percent supported Tamayo Navarro and his calls for democratization, in large part due to Pareja Palau's education policies to portray democracy in an extremely negative light. Some have criticized the poll's accuracy, however, as Estadística Nacional SV is a government-controlled polling firm and El Salvadoreño is a pro-government newspaper.
|Cabinet of Orlando Pareja Palau|
|Minister of Defense||Gondicari Perera Padulles||1 January 2020 – present|
|Minister of Internal Affairs||Pròsper Crespí Codina||1 January 2020 – present|
|Minister of External Affairs||Josep Sentís Torrens||1 January 2020 – present|
|Minister of Law||Frederic Estapé Mollfull||1 January 2020 – present|
|Minister of Education||Bernabè Pujiula Tudó||1 January 2020 – present|
|Minister of Infrastructure||Mònica Camprubi Badias||1 January 2020 – present|
|Minister of Economics||Gonçal Masas Vall||1 January 2020 – present|
|Minister of Labor||Antígona Burguera Cruz||1 January 2020 – present|
On 1 January 2020, the 84 members of the Tribunals Generals convened in the Palace of the Tribunals Generals to elect the country's next president. The vote ended with 72 of the Tribunals Generals' 82 voting-eligible members voting in favor of Pareja Palau, while only ten opposed him, voting for Tamayo Navarro. Pareja Palau nominated Zèfir Cladera Mirambell, one of his earliest supporters, as his vice president, and the legislature voted 70–11–2 in favor of Cladera Mirambell.
Pareja Palau was inaugurated as El Salvador's 24th president at noon on 1 January 2020. After his inauguration, Pareja Palau decreed that he would assume leadership of Salvadoran Initiative, removing Conradí Prunera Farnós of his leadership role he had served in since 2008. He appointed José Rodríguez Perezalonso, his brother-in-law, as his deputy leader. On 27 March 2023, Pareja Palau renamed the leadership position of the Salvadoran Initiative to "caudillo", and accordingly, Rodríguez Perezalonso's position was renamed to "vice caudillo".
Pareja Palau appointed a cabinet of eight ministers. His eight ministers are: Gondicari Perera Padulles (Defense), Pròsper Crespí Codina (Internal Affairs), Josep Sentís Torrens (External Affairs), Frederic Estapé Mollfull (Law), Bernabè Pujiula Tudó (Education), Mònica Camprubi Badias (Infrastructure), Gonçal Masas Vall (Economics), and Antígona Burguera Cruz (Labor). He abolished the position of minister of development and merged its duties under the ministries of internal affairs and labor. As per Salvadoran law, he did not need the Tribunals Generals' consent for his cabinet appointments, and all his appointees were his close allies.
Membership in CODECO
On 22 April 2020, Pareja Palau attended his first international summit in San Salvador, Creeperopolis, the 40th annual summit of the Cooperation and Development Coalition (CODECO), a multi-national free trade organization and military alliance composing of Creeperopolis, El Salvador, Leorkhin, Lurjize, Montcrabe, Pavulturilor, Salisford, Sequoyah, and the State of the Church.
Pareja Palau supported Sequoyah's ejection from CODECO in May 2020 after the legalization of slavery by the Sequoyan government the month prior, and he also endorsed the CODECO Mission in Sequoyah (COMISEQ) and CODECO military intervention in Sequoyah, sending military doctors to support COMISEQ in its military intervention and subsequent occupation of Sequoyah. He recognized the CODECO-backed Reorganized Constitutional Government of the Republic of Sequoyah (RCGRS) and recognized Atohi Dustu as the provisional president of Sequoyah in December 2020.
In June 2022, Pareja Palau stated his support for Sequoyah's readmission to CODECO following the 1 June Agreement, announcing that El Salvador would withdraw all soldiers from Sequoyah by December 2022. He supported the annexation of the Sequoyan territories of Navidad and San Juan Diego by Creeperopolis in December 2022. He stated that the annexations "[did] a great deed for those living in Navidad and San Juan Diego", remarking that the Creeperans and Sequoyans affected by the annexation would be better off under the undemocratic Creeperian government rather than under the democratic Sequoyan government.
Pareja Palau's relationship with Salisford has been weaker than his relationships with the other CODECO member states due to the ongoing border conflict and dispute between El Salvador and Salisford. He has not made an official visit to Salisford, nor have King Francesco II or First Minister Pietro Govone made official visits to El Salvador. The only time the two countries' leaders have met have been during the annual CODECO summits.
On 5 February 2020, Pareja Palau proposed his Granada Initiative to the Tribunals Generals for approval. The Granada Initiative was Pareja Palau's plan to "revitalize" and "reimagine" the roads and highways along the Granada River. The proposal also sought to enlarge El Salvador's railroad network, renovate and expand the Josep Esdres Boixadé i Callo International Airport, and build new airports in El Mozote, El Congo, and Guatacate. The Tribunals Generals voted 73–11 in favor of the Granada Initiative.
Construction and redevelopment on El Salvador's major highways began in late-February 2020, starting with the Granada Transnational Highway which connected Monrito in Ñancahuazú in southern El Salvador, to Pario in Vallepital in northern El Salvador. The highway was expanded from one lane in each direction to three lanes in each direction, with some parts reaching up to four lanes in each direction, increasing the highway's capacity and lowering congestion in and out of major cities. The widening of the full length of the highway was completed in December 2021. The Troncal El Paraíso, connecting the cities of El Paraíso and El Congo, was similarly expanded between April 2020 and March 2021, as was the Calle Azul, connecting El Paraíso and El Calabozo, between July 2020 and January 2022.
Renovation and expansion of the Josep Esdres Boixadé i Callo International Airport began in March 2021, being completed in March 2023; the airport's three terminals were remodeled and a new runway was constructed. Although the Granada Initiative initially called for the Congo International Airport to be completely replaced by a new airport, the government decided to renovate and expand the airport instead, beginning renovations in May 2022. Construction on the Úmar Amadeu Casabona i Masdevall International Airport in El Mozote, to replace the El Mozote International Airport, began in August 2022, while construction on the Guatacate International Airport began in June 2023. As of October 2023, redevelopment of the country's railroad network has yet to begin.
On 5 April 2021, the Salvadoran government sold 60 acres (22 hectares) of land in Ñancahuazú to the National Coffee and Sugar Corporation (CORNACA) for development and use as a sugar plantation. In June 2021, the government reached a similar agreement with the United Creeperian Banana Company (EMUBAC), selling 22 acres (9 hectares) in Ñancahuazú for development and use as a distribution center.
From 4 to 6 April 2020, the Salvadoran National Police (PNS) reported that criminal gangs in the country committed 63 murders, the most in a 3-day stretch in Salvadoran history since the Salvadoran Crisis of 1976. Pareja Palau condemned the murders committed, and announced that he would take action to punish the gangs responsible, instead of the individuals responsible. On 7 April 2020, he introduced a bill to the Tribunals Generals which would allow the Salvadoran National Police to utilize deadly force and arbitrarily arrest individuals under suspicion of having gang affiliations, similar to the actions the Creeperian National Police (PNC) is authorized to carry out in Creeperopolis. The Tribunals Generals passed the bill by a 73–11 majority, and the Salvadoran National Police began to arrest hundreds of people per day who were suspected of having gang affiliations.
|Month||No. of arrests|
The crackdown, known as the Regime of Exception, was strongly criticized by his political opponents and foreign media outlets, who claimed Pareja Palau was arresting a high amount of innocent civilians and was using the crackdown as a tool to also crackdown against his political opponents. In response to their accusations, Pareja Palau removed all eleven deputies which opposed him in the Tribunals Generals from their commission assignments, stating, "we cannot have dangerous individuals like this—who oppose the prosperity of the Fatherland—to have a say in our country's important legislative commissions." His statement and removals were condemned by foreign media outlets and even by some foreign governments as "authoritarian and undemocratic".
From April to November 2020, El Salvador's security forces—the Salvadoran National Police, the National Guard, and the Salvadoran Army—arrested a total of 19,506 people suspected of having gang affiliations, mostly of the gangs Mara Salvatrucha, Barrio 14, and Reyes de Granada, which are considered to be the country's largest gangs. Many of the three gangs high ranking leaders were arrested and sentenced to multiple life sentences on several charges such as murder, racketeering, and terrorism. According to the online fake news website El Faro, the Salvadoran government also extrajudicially killed around 329 people, however, the website has failed to provide evidence and Pareja Palau has responded to their accusation by stating, "maybe I should kill 329 subhuman gang members", which resulted in must foreign criticism and condemnation of his comments.
Some of his political opponents were also arrested during the crackdown on charges of being members of gangs, including Llàtzer Macias Budi, the auxiliary deputy from Nuevo Honduras' 2nd District, Sònia Picañol Deulovol, the mayor of Amanimo, and Malaquies Monfulle Bertomeu, a political advisor to Bèlem Fabregà Espuñes, one of the deputies which opposed his presidency.
Political crisis and purge
On 30 December 2021, Tamayo Navarro, and the ten other deputies of the Tribunals Generals who opposed Pareja Palau, announced their departure from the Salvadoran Initiative and the formation of a new opposition political party: the Salvation Movement for Democracy (MSD). Tamayo Navarro led a crowd of around 1,000 anti-Pareja Palau protestors to the Presidential Palace demanding Pareja Palau's immediate resignation and that he appoints Tamayo Navarro as provisional president. Pareja Palau's government responded by sending the National Guard to forcibly remove the protestors, and later, a crowd of around 9,000 counter protestors in support of Pareja Palau and his government policies marched in Ciutat dels Àngels demanding the immediate resignation of Tamayo Navarro for attempting to overthrow the government.
The following day, Pareja Palau denounced the protestors as Miguelists attempting to restore National Atheism and totalitarianism in El Salvador, and he reiterated that the Salvadoran Initiative was the sole legal political party in the country. He denounced the Salvation Movement for Democracy as a terrorist organization. He sent a bill to the Tribunals Generals on 1 January 2022 to immediately remove the eleven deputies which opposed him from the legislature, and the bill was unanimously passed by a 73–0 vote, as the eleven deputies boycotted the vote. The eleven deputies were effectively removed from office, and in violation of the constitution, Pareja Palau appointed his own deputies to the legislature.
His actions were denounced by the eleven former deputies as totalitarian and illegal, and called upon Salvadorans to rise up against Pareja Palau's increasingly authoritarian government. Around 8,000 Salvadorans across the country marched in protest against Pareja Palau's government, however, tens of thousands more Salvadorans came out in support of Pareja Palau and harassed the anti-government protestors. Protests from 1 to 7 January resulted in an estimated 19 deaths and 879 arrests, all of anti-government protestors.
On 8 January, Pareja Palau called for the immediate arrest of the eleven former deputies on charges of terrorism and sedition. From 8 to 16 January, ten of the eleven deputies were arrested. On 16 January, Tamayo Navarro was found dead in his home in Ciutat dels Àngels by the Salvadoran National Police during their attempt to arrest him. The police publicized that Tamayo Navarro had committed suicide, and reportedly left a note expressing his allegiance to Miguelism and that he was going to hide in death from the impending justice of Pareja Palau's government. Foreign media outlets and politicians rejected the police's account, instead asserting that he was assassinated by Pareja Palau's government. El Faro even accused Pareja Palau of hiring the National Intelligence Directorate (DINA) to assassinate Tamayo Navarro, and referred to him as "Pareja Palau's regime's first victim".
Exiled Salvadoran and Creeperian democratic activists called for a democratic revolution to take hold in El Salvador. Some more extremist groups, such as the Anti-Romerist Revolutionary Front (FRAR) and the Militarist Front for National Liberation (FMLN), called for a far-left revolution against far-right Romerism. Their calls to action, however, were mostly not heeded by Salvadorans, as those who marched in protest of Pareja Palau's government had either been killed, arrested, or are in hiding in fear of reprisal by the government. On 24 January 2022, the ten arrested former deputies were tried and convicted on charges of sedition, treason, terrorism, and supporting Miguelism, and were each sentenced to serve 5 life sentences in the Vallepital National Prison, considered to be the worst prison in the country.
Pareja Palau's actions in December 2021 and January 2022 have been widely condemned by foreign media outlets, politicians, and even some governments as undemocratic and totalitarian. Global Democracy Index ranked El Salvador at the greatest risk of democratic backsliding, stating, "although the nation [El Salvador] is already considerably undemocratic, these recent actions taken by the executive [Pareja Palau] are deeply concerning and demonstrate the current government's disregard for the people's right to determine their own government through free and fair democratic elections"; the index lists El Salvador as an authoritarian regime and as one of the least democratic countries in the world. Meanwhile, El Salvador's allied governments in Creeperopolis, Pavulturilor, and Salisford expressed their support for Pareja Palau.
Support for Noundures
For most of his political career, Pareja Palau has been a vocal supporter of the independence of the Free Republic of Noundures, a self-declared state which claims and controls territory within the Montago province of Salisford; Noundures is located on El Salvador's northern border and is considered to be a Salvadoran puppet state. In History of El Salvador, he dedicated two chapters to Noundures' history and its ongoing war of independence against Salisford. He described the country as "a country of Salvadoran heroes", and described Arnau Campmany Solivella, the then president of Noundures, as an "intellectual freedom fighter".
Shortly assuming the presidency, on 4 January 2020, Pareja Palau met with Noundurian President Malaquies Llorca Caparrós during a scheduled bilateral summit between both countries' governments in the city of Sonsochapan. The two leaders discussed the two countries' relations moving forward through Pareja Palau's presidency, where Pareja Palau reaffirmed El Salvador's commitment to maintaining Noundurian independence. After Llorca Caparrós was re-elected in 2021, both leaders held another summit in Sonsochapan on 17 July 2021.
On 3 February 2023, Llorca Caparrós was assassinated by the Military Intelligence and Security Service (SISM), the intelligence service of Salisford, in Olèrdola, the free republic's capital city; he was succeeded by Minister of Defense Amèric Perarnau Agué who declared a state of emergency and placed the Free Noundurian Army (ELN) on high alert. Pareja Palau condemned the assassination and lamented Llorca Caparrós' death. He honored the assassinated president by publishing the lyrics of Himne Nacional de la República Lliure, the national of Noundures, on his Twitter.
Pareja Palau and Perarnau Agué held a bilateral meeting in Sonsochapan on 17 February 2023. Both presidents made a joint declaration condemning the assassination of Llorca Caparrós, demanded an apology from Salisford, and demanded for those involved to be handed over to Noundures to face justice. Additionally, he agreed to lease one Creeperian-manufactured Cruzadore III main battle tank to the Free Noundurian Army for a period of ten years. Pareja Palau reaffirmed his commitment to ensuring Noundurian independence, stating:
Malaquies Llorca Caparrós will forever be remembered as a Noundurian martyr who gave his life for the independence and liberty of the Noundurian people. El Salvador remains dedicated to defending Noundurian independence and will support the Noundurian government in its entirely in achieving peace throughout its entire territory, and one day, Lluís Altayo Ramió's vision will be completed and the Salvadoran people will be united.
Pareja Palau attended Perarnau Agué's inauguration on 10 July 2023.
On 2 February 2023, Pareja Palau made a post on Twitter reading "El Salvador should be a monarchy". His tweet was criticized by journalists and by international democratic activist groups as leading El Salvador down the path of democratic backsliding and as "setting a dangerous precedent for wanna-be dictatorships around the world". He followed up his tweet on 10 February 2023 by tweeting "I should abolish Salvadoran democracy once and for all".
On 7 February 2023, Pareja Palau and Gjorkan politician Alexei Tabor, the leader of the far-right National Social Party (PSN), engaged in an argument on Twitter after Pareja Palau made a tweet praising the 2021 film President Tabor which mocked Tabor's 2021 presidential campaign. During the argument, Pareja Palau tweeted "I am more likely to become King of El Salvador than you [Tabor] are to win 15% of the vote in Gjorka", and also tweeted that he will win 100 percent of the Tribunals Generals vote in 2025 and be "coronated" rather than inaugurated.
Pareja Palau made another pro-monarchy tweet on 21 March 2023, reading "I should be King Orlando I of El Salvador". Following his post, El Faro published an article criticizing Pareja Palau's monarchist ambitions, "While the abolition of democracy is the end goal of wanna-be dictators [...], it is almost certainly a future reality which Pareja Palau will attain". In response to the website's article, Pareja Palau changed his Twitter username to "King Orlando I of El Salvador", later shortening it to "King Orlando I". On 7 April 2023, Pareja Palau formally announced on Twitter his intention to be re-elected in 2025, adding, "my coronation ceremony will be on 10 July 2025". On 7 August 2023, Pareja Palau announced on Twitter that he was selling non-fungible tokens (NFTs) to "help finance various government infrastructure and security projects". Some of the NFTs portrayed Pareja Palau as a Romanyan emperor.
Pareja Palau married Gabriela Concepción Rodríguez y Perezalonso, an acquaintance he met at the Antonio José Sáenz y Heredia University and a fellow Creepero-Salvadoran, on 5 May 1999. The couple has two children:
- Romero Orlando Pareja y Rodríguez (born 2002)
- Isabela Fátima Pareja y Rodríguez (born 2005)
Pareja Palau has developed a political alliance with his brother-in-law, José, appointing him as his deputy leader of the Salvadoran Initiative. Similarly, Pareja Palau's younger brother, Jesús, succeeded him as Vallepital's 3rd District's deputy in the Tribunals Generals upon him becoming vice president, and then again when he became president. Some political analysts believe that Pareja Palau is preparing his son, Romero, to become a politician, like his father did for him in late-1999. He has been accused of nepotism for appointing family members and friends to positions of power during his presidency.
|Ancestors of Orlando Óscar Pareja y Palau|
According to Pareja Palau himself, he has a net worth of CQS₵88 million—the equivalent of CCL₡704 million or SPS¢836 million—making him one of the wealthiest Salvadoran politicians. He has stated that he acquired his wealth through various undisclosed business investments in Creeperian companies. Conversely, many independent observers have claimed that Pareja Palau has accumulated the majority of his wealth through embezzlement, misappropriating funds, and bribery since he became a member of the Tribunals Generals in 2000, and only increased his wealth further after he became vice president in 2015 and president in 2020.
Pareja Palau owns two estates in El Salvador—one in Ciutat dels Àngels and one in Nandarados—as well as one in Creeperopolis on the outskirts of Santa Ana; his estate in Nandarados was given to him by his father in 1999 after he married, while his other two were acquired in 2017 during his vice presidency. Prior to becoming vice president, Pareja Palau employed his own private security detail, which was later assimilated into the Salvadoran Presidential Security (SEPRESAL) in 2015. Pareja Palau is a minority owner of FC Nandarados which is a member of the Lliga Salvadoreña, the top flight of Salvadoran professional association football.
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Pareja Palau is a devout Creeperian Catholic and supports the Church with his "whole mind, body, and soul". He is an self-proclaimed Romerist and nationalist, upholding El Salvador and Creeperopolis above all else. Pareja Palau is an advocate of the Surian race, and believes that Surians are objectively superior to Ecrosians and Ostlandetans. He has been described by foreign media outlets as a Surian supremacist, or sometimes a Salvadoran or Creeperian supremacist, and as an anti-Ecrosian and anti-Ostlandetan racist.
He vehemently opposes communism, homosexuality, atheism, and Islam, referring to all of them as the "Four Horsemen of Sin and Suffering" in his speech announcing his intentions to stand for election for president. The speech read:
I reject communism. I reject homosexuality. I reject atheism. I reject Islam and Baphomet.[note 5] I only serve the Father, the Son, the Holy Spirit, and the Fatherland. May the Fatherland triumph against the Four Horsemen of Sin and Suffering. May God strike down those who sin against him without any sign of remorse or repentance.— Vice President Orlando Óscar Pareja y Palau, 1 October 2019
Pareja Palau supports capital punishment, and during his presidency, an average of 45 people were executed per month for various capital crimes ranging from murder to terrorism to extortion. He opposes abortion, which he has referred to as "a genocide on the same par as the De-Catholization, and a genocide endorsed and gloated by imbeciles in Ecros and Ostlandet". He similarly opposes euthanasia. In response for foreign criticism accusing him of being a hypocrite for supporting capital punishment while opposing abortion and euthanasia, Pareja Palau responded by saying, "you severely brain dead self-entitled Ecrosians really think the innocent should be executed and the guilty should be let free? It is a miracle your barbarian nations have not collapsed into eternal anarchy and degeneracy yet."
He has rejected the concept of human rights as a "hoax", a "fantasy", and an "Ecrosian tool to control the world". He condemned TCN Resolution 010 for attempting to implement Ecrosian ideals in Sur and stated, "El Salvador will stand with the Surian world in rejection of this mockery of a 'TCN resolution' and our Fatherland will never abide by its bad faith text". In June 2020, Pareja Palau declared all human rights organizations within the country to be illegal and labelled them as terrorist organizations.
Pareja Palau staunchly opposes democracy, and has claimed to do everything in his ability to "dismantle the final remnants of democracy in Sur". He is an anti-communist and has called for the destruction of communism on multiple occasions; he has stated: "Communism will always fail". He is a monarchist, and on various occasions, has made public comments and tweets poking fun at his intentions to become a monarch.
Pareja Palau has published twenty-three books and three theses regarding history and politics, all of which were published by Impresión Creeperiano. He has been accused of plagiarism and fabricating details within his works due to the large amount of books he has published since 1998. Pareja Palau has denied the accusations, stating that the reason he has published many works is because he writes multiple books at the same time. He has also asserted that all the information in his works "reach the highest standards of scholarship and reliability; nothing is fabricated", adding that those who criticize his works are "jealous of [his] writing talents".
His published works are:
- History of Catholicism (1998, Impresión Creeperiano; ISBN 9781376879445)
- History of El Salvador (2001, Impresión Creeperiano; ISBN 9780915306671)
- History of the Presidents (2002, Impresión Creeperiano; ISBN 9780826336040)
- History of the Church (2003, Impresión Creeperiano; ISBN 9781246122381)
- History of the Kings (2004, Impresión Creeperiano; ISBN 9788878391024)
- The Crusade (2005, Impresión Creeperiano; ISBN 9780521423731)
- The Christians (2006, Impresión Creeperiano; ISBN 9789968314992)
- The Muslims (2007, Impresión Creeperiano; ISBN 9780816066711)
- Civil War (2009, Impresión Creeperiano; ISBN 9780313303517)
- History of the Salvadoran Initiative (2010, Impresión Creeperiano; ISBN 9789977677019)
- Alfonso I (2011, Impresión Creeperiano; ISBN 9789684520509)
- The Great Patriotic War of El Salvador (2012, Impresión Creeperiano; ISBN 9780826306036)
- The De-Catholization (2013, Impresión Creeperiano; ISBN 9780842026628)
- The Coup of 2003 (2013, Impresión Creeperiano; ISBN 9781272809201)
- The Great Surian War (2014, Impresión Creeperiano; ISBN 9780195035926)
- Adolfo III (2015, Impresión Creeperiano; ISBN 9786074623819)
- Saint Romero I (2016, Impresión Creeperiano; ISBN 9789929556010)
- History of Communism (2017, Impresión Creeperiano; ISBN 9782754730648)
- History of the Creeperian Initiative (2017, Impresión Creeperiano; ISBN 9782754730624)
- Felipe I (2017, Impresión Creeperiano; ISBN 9780230594258)
- The Free Republic of Noundures (2018, Impresión Creeperiano; ISBN 9782875960030)
- History of the Maras (2019, Impresión Creeperiano; ISBN 9782296188976)
- A Suggestion on Morova (2020, Impresión Creeperiano; OCLC 490604191)
- The Death of Morova (2020, Impresión Creeperiano; OCLC 654372457)
- The Inconvenient Truth About Democracy (2021, Impresión Creeperiano; ISBN 9780806163925)
- On the "Global Democracy Index" and Its Agenda (2022, Impresión Creeperiano; OCLC 02933391)
Awards and honors
State awards and honors
|Presidential styles of|
Orlando Óscar Pareja y Palau
|Reference style||His Excellency|
|Spoken style||Your Excellency|
- Grand Collar of the Order of Service to the Fatherland (1 January 2015)
- Grand Collar of the Order of Josep Esdres Boixadé i Callo (1 January 2014)
- Grand Officer of the Order of 16 July (16 July 2001)
- Grand Officer of the Order of Valiant Service (1 January 2003)
- Collar of the Order of Anti-Communist Merit (1 January 2018)
- Cross of the Order of Anti-Communist Merit (1 January 2014)
- Knight of the Order of Anti-Communist Merit (1 January 2010)
- Member of the Meritorious Service Medal (1 January 2005)
- Member of the Army Service Medal (1 January 2001)
- Member of the Military Service Medal (1 January 2001)
- Member of the Presidential Citation (1 January 2000)
- Member of the Order of the Salvadoran Initiative (1 January 2000)
- Grand Collar of the Imperial Cross of San Romero the Martyr (15 September 2020)
- Grand Collar of the Imperial Order of Romerism (15 September 1998)
- Grand Collar of the Imperial Order of Grand Merit (15 September 2017)
- Grand Collar of the Imperial Order of Merit (15 September 2016)
- Grand Collar of the Order of Santiago Matadeltinianos (15 September 2013)
- Grand Collar of the Hero of the Free Republic of Noundures (4 January 2020)
- Grand Collar of the Order of Lluís Amadeu Altayo i Ramió (4 January 2020)
- Member of the Medal of Heroism and Sacrifice (17 February 2023)
- Collar of the Marshal's Favor (13 August 2017)
- Commander of the Order of National Merit (5 December 2022)
- Knight of the Supreme Order of Christ (1 January 2020)
- Grand Cross of the Order of the Papal Star (2 March 2017)
Organization awards and honors
- Best Creeperian Author of 1998
- Best Salvadoran Author of 2001
- Best Salvadoran Author of 2002
- Best Creeperian Author of 2009
- Best Creeperian Author of 2013
- Gaceta Creeperiano's Common Creeperian of the Year (2013)
- Best Creeperian Author of 2016
- Best Creeperian Author of 2017
- Best Creeperian Author of 2019
- Pareja Palau Square named after him in Nandarados (2020)
- Best Creeperian Author of 2020
- Bachelor's degree in Political Science & Government from the University of Ciutat dels Àngels (1995)
- Bachelor's degree in Law from the University of Ciutat dels Àngels (1995)
- Master's degree in Political Science & Government the the Antonio José Sáenz y Heredia University (1997)
- Master's degree in Law from the Antonio José Sáenz y Heredia University (1997)
- Honorary doctorate from the University of Nandarados (2015)
- Honorary doctorate from the University of Ciutat dels Àngels (2017)
- Honorary doctorate from the Antonio José Sáenz y Heredia University (2017)
- Honorary doctorate from the University of Dăbuza (2019)
|Year||Office||Type||Party||Main opponent||Party||Votes for Pareja Palau||Result||Swing|
|1999||Member of the T.G.||General||Salvadoran Initiative||Against[note 6]||523||99.62%||1st||N/A||Won||Hold|
|2004||Member of the T.G.||General||Salvadoran Initiative||Against[note 6]||597||99.50%||1st||–0.12%||Won||Hold|
|2005||Chairman of the Ed. Com.||Parliamentary||Salvadoran Initiative||Jeremies Raich Fuxa||Salvadoran Initiative||75||90.36%||1st||N/A||Won||Hold|
|2009||Member of the T.G.||General||Salvadoran Initiative||Against[note 6]||602||99.34%||1st||–0.16%||Won||Hold|
|2010||Chairman of the Ed. Com.||Parliamentary||Salvadoran Initiative||Jeremies Raich Fuxa||Salvadoran Initiative||75||90.36%||1st||±0.00%||Won||Hold|
|2014||Member of the T.G.||General||Salvadoran Initiative||Against[note 6]||632||98.90%||1st||–0.44%||Won||Hold|
|2015||Vice President of El Salvador||Parliamentary||Salvadoran Initiative||Against[note 6]||72||86.75%||1st||N/A||Won||Hold|
|2019||Member of the T.G.||General||Salvadoran Initiative||Pascual Vellvé Pujol||Salvadoran Initiative||662||98.22%||1st||–0.68%||Won||Hold|
|2020||President of El Salvador||Parliamentary||Salvadoran Initiative||Adán Tamayo Navarro||Salvadoran Initiative||72||87.80%||1st||N/A||Won||Hold|
- List of current heads of state and government
- List of current state leaders by date of assumption of office
- Named "Leader of the Salvadoran Initiative" until 27 March 2023.
- Creeperian Spanish pronunciation: [oɾˈlan.ðo ˈos.kaɾ paˈɾe.xa i paˈlaw]; Salvadoran pronunciation: [oɾˈlan.do ˈus.kəɾ paˈɾɛ.ʎa i paˈlaw].
- Because of the nature of how the Salvadoran legislature is structured, each district elects a deputy and an auxiliary deputy, who will replace the first deputy in the occasion the district's seat becomes vacant, such as due to death, resignation, or appointment to a higher office, as is what happened when Pareja Palau was appointed as vice president.
- Original tweet text in Salvadoran: "El Salvador hauria de ser una monarquia."
- Catholics believe that Baphomet is a demon that works alongside Satan in Hell. Catholics believed that Muhammad, the founder of Islam, was the incarnation of Baphomet. As such, the Creeperian government refers to Muhammad as Baphomet, as does Creeperian academey and the Creeperian education system.
- In the Salvadoran political system, voters can vote "Against", indicating that they are dissatisfied and/or opposed to the candidate or candidates presented. In most Salvadoran elections, there is generally only one candidate running who is running, with only the "Against" option being present against the candidate.
- Pareja Palau, Orlando Óscar (2 June 2022). "President Orlando Pareja Palau Sobre l'Acord de l'1 de Juny" [President Orlando Pareja Palau on the 1 June Agreement]. Presidency of the Imperial Republic of El Salvador (in Salvadoran). Ciutat dels Àngels, El Salvador. Retrieved 20 April 2023.CS1 maint: unrecognized language (link)
- Pareja Palau, Orlando Óscar (31 October 2022). "President Orlando Parella Palau Sobre les Annexes de Nadal i Sant Joan Diego" [President Orlando Pareja Palau on the Annexations of Navidad and San Juan Diego]. Presidency of the Imperial Republic of El Salvador (in Salvadoran). Ciutat dels Àngels, El Salvador. Retrieved 20 April 2023.CS1 maint: unrecognized language (link)
- Guixa Sabaté, Josep Jaïr (5 February 2020). "El President Orlando Parella Palau Llança la Seva "Iniciativa de Granada" per Revitalitzar la Infraestructura del Salvador Central" [President Orlando Pareja Palau Launches his "Granada Initiative" to Revitalize Central Salvadoran Infrastructure]. El Salvadoreño (in Salvadoran). Ciutat dels Àngels, El Salvador. Retrieved 8 August 2022.CS1 maint: unrecognized language (link)
- Valls Torrens, Carles Josep (5 April 2021). "El Govern Salvadoreño ven 60 Acres de Terra a la Corporació Nacional de Cafè i Sucre a Ñancahuazú" [Salvadoran Government Sells 60 Acres of Land to the National Coffee and Sugar Corporation in Ñancahuazú]. El Salvadoreño (in Salvadoran). Ciutat dels Àngels, El Salvador. Retrieved 20 April 2023.CS1 maint: unrecognized language (link)
- Masramon Sabaters, Leodogari Rodolf (3 February 2023). "El President Noundurià Malaquies Llorca Caparrós Assassinat pel SISM Avui a Olèrdola" [Noundurian President Malaquies Llorca Caparrós Assassinated by SISM Today in Olèrdola]. Temps Ciutat dels Àngels (in Salvadoran). Ciutat dels Àngels, El Salvador. Retrieved 3 February 2023.CS1 maint: unrecognized language (link)
- Masramon Sabaters, Leodogari Rodolf (3 February 2023). "Amèric Perarnau Agué va Assumir la Presidència; Noundures Venjarà l'Assassinat de Malaquies Llorca Caparrós" [Amèric Perarnau Agué Assumed the Presidency; Noundures Will Avenge the Assassination of Malaquies Llorca Caparrós]. Temps Ciutat dels Àngels (in Salvadoran). Ciutat dels Àngels, El Salvador. Retrieved 4 February 2023.CS1 maint: unrecognized language (link)
- Vilageli Dalí, Samsó Manel (17 February 2023). "17 de Febrer de 2023 Cimera Entre la República Imperial d'El Salvador i la República Lliure de Noundures" [17 February 2023 Summit Between the Imperial Republic of El Salvador and the Free Republic of Noundures]. Temps Diaris Sonsochapan (in Salvadoran). Sonsochapan, El Salvador. Retrieved 17 February 2023.CS1 maint: unrecognized language (link)
- Masramon Sabaters, Leodogari Rodolf (10 July 2023). "Inauguració del President Amèric Perarnau Agué" [Inauguration of President Amèric Perarnau Agué]. Temps Ciutat dels Àngels (in Salvadoran). Ciutat dels Àngels, El Salvador. Retrieved 10 July 2023.CS1 maint: unrecognized language (link)
- Gómez Alvarado, José Luís (21 March 2023). O'Downey, Ross (ed.). "El Presidente Salvadoreño Quiere ser un Rey: ¿El Fin de la'Fachada Democrática en El Salvador?" [Salvadoran President Wants to be King: The End of the Democratic Façade in El Salvador?]. El Faro (in Creeperian Spanish). Liberty City, Paleocacher. Retrieved 21 March 2023.CS1 maint: unrecognized language (link)
- Gaitán Molina, Alfonso Fernando (7 April 2023). "El Presidente Pareja Palau Anuncia su Candidatura a la'Reelección para'2025: "Mi Ceremonia de Coronación Será'l 10 de Julio de 2025"" [President Pareja Palau Announces Re-Election Bid for 2025: "My Coronation Ceremony Will Be On 10 July 2025."]. El Faro (in Creeperian Spanish). Liberty City, Paleocacher. Retrieved 7 April 2023.CS1 maint: unrecognized language (link)
- Pareja Palau, Orlando Óscar (9 September 2021). "El President Orlando Òscar Parella i Palau Anuncia un nou Llibre: "La Incòmoda Veritat Sobre la Democràcia", Condemna el Sistema Democràtic i es Compromet a Abolir la Democràcia" [President Orlando Óscar Pareja y Palau Announces New Book: "The Inconvenient Truth About Democracy", Condemns the Democratic System and Vows to Abolish Democracy]. Presidency of the Imperial Republic of El Salvador (in Salvadoran). Ciutat dels Àngels, El Salvador. Retrieved 9 September 2022.CS1 maint: unrecognized language (link)
- Pareja Palau, Orlando Óscar (1 December 2022). "El President Orlando Parella Palau pel que fa a la Intervenció Militar a Ajacanistan" [President Orlando Pareja Palau Regarding the Military Intervention in Ajakanistan]. Presidency of the Imperial Republic of El Salvador (in Salvadoran). Ciutat dels Àngels, El Salvador. Retrieved 19 April 2023.CS1 maint: unrecognized language (link)
- Codallos Moreno, José Vicente (29 December 2020). "Mejor Autor Creeperiano de 2020" [Best Creeperian Author of 2020]. Creeperian Authors Association (in Creeperian Spanish). La'Libertad, Creeperopolis. Retrieved 29 December 2020.CS1 maint: unrecognized language (link)
- Official website (in Salvadoran)