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National progressivism (Vaktrian: prokresastıa farđamast), also known as Virǎtism, is a ultranationalist political ideology based on the writings of Žapre Virǎt and associated with the National Progressive Party (PPF). It advocates for the advancement of the interests of Astrian Vaktrian people, viewing them as the primary and native inhabitants of Terranihil. National progressivism seeks to progress Astrian Vaktrian culture.
Virǎt first formulated the ideology in the 1940s as a "middle path" or "third way" between communism and fascism. Virǎt opposed the rule of a decadent liberal elite he saw as typical in capitalist countries but rejected class conflict and thought hierarchies are an essential part of society in contrast to communists. National progressivism is heavily influenced by the functionalist sociology of Olivier Prévost, and thus views society as an organism which only functions effectively if each of its parts fulfills its role within the hierarchy, in contrast to the Marxist materialist analysis.
National progressivism is generally considered a far-right ideology because of its nationalism and hierarchical views, despite its proponents' rejection of the label. It has been considered totalitarian and fascist for its authoritarianism, use of political violence, and focus on maintaining an orderly society; however, national progressives reject the latter label for its association with the capitalist and Catholic aspects of Creeperian Romerism. Virǎt advocated for strict meritocratic leadership, with central authority vested in a vanguard which regulates the economy, media, press, and many other aspects of society. Virǎt supported a centralized economy in which the state guided production by coordinating with corporations and trade unions. He thought the domination of the market by private interests led to cultural degeneration and disrupted the social order necessary for the stability and progress of a nation.
National progressivism as formulated by later writers and as implemented by leaders of the PPF has varied and evolved over the decades. It has become more economically liberal, allowing more privately owned businesses and foreign investment, but still maintaining state intervention in the economy. The ideology has also generally become more pragmatic, allowing for economic and social policies that benefit the country and its ruling class though they may contradict the original tenants of Virǎt. National progressivism also incorporates aspects of Astrian esotericism based on Astrianism and Vaktrian mythology, though this element is usually seen as fringe among modern national progressives. National progressivism is the ideology of the National Progressive Party, the dominant political party in Terranihil, and thus essentially the state sanctioned ideology. Terranilian implementation of the nationalist aspects of the ideology has involved ethnic cleansing, genocide, eugenics, and restrictions on the practice of religious and ethnic groups.
In Virǎt's writings, national progressivism means the ideology of progressing a nation. The name is also meant to express the nationalist aspect of the ideology. The name Virǎtism has also been used. Detractors sometimes call national progressivism "Terranilian fascism", though its proponents reject the label.
The Communist Party (PKT) was the dominant political party in Terranihil from 1937 to 1952, and communism had become the very popular. Communism was seen as especially appealing in reaction to the capitalist policies of the Liberal Democratic Party, which had dominated Terranilian politics before. Virǎt and the National Progressive Party's founding members were members of the Communist Party of Terranihil who became disillusioned with communism. Despite his disagreement with several core Marxist ideas such as class conflict and historical materialism, Virǎt adapted several concepts from socialism and Marxism, which include a vanguard leading the nation towards progress and centralized planning of the economy.
Sentanism, a form of ultranationalism which advocates for advancement of Astrian Vaktrian interests, began to spread iin underground political circles within and without the PKT. The basis for its name and its root influence comes from the idea of Astrians returning to their homeland of Vaktria (sentanaı means to return in Vaktrian) formed during the Terranilian Empire. Sentanist's in the republic wanted the restoration of state that was Astrian Vaktrian first and foremost. This manifested in many ways prior to national progressivism, including as a monarchist ideology advocating for the restoration of the Terranilian Empire. Virǎt became heavily influenced by Sentanism and became further interested in the esoteric and occult aspects of Astrian and Vaktrian mythology, of which he incorporated several elements in his writings. The internationalism of communist president Enkart Vaslast also angered many in the military, who thought Terranihil should focus on domestic policy.
Another major influence was the functionalist sociology of Olivier Prévost, who theorized that society can be seen as an organism and its institutions as organs; the interdependent organs must each fulfill their function for the organism to remain stable and healthy. Virǎt adpated Prévost's ideas to advocate for a hierarchical societal structure which is regimented into institutions and are guided by the vanguard.