Dolomita Mountain Range

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Dolomite Mountains
Marmolada Sunset.jpg
Marmoleda, the highest mountain in the Dolomita
Highest point
Elevation8,208.73 m (26,931.5 ft)
Area1,900,000 km2 (730,000 sq mi)
Native name
  • Dolomita  (Ladin)
  • Bianchitis (Sonderbourgish)
    and others
Relief of the Dolomita.
Countries Tirol
OrogenyAlpine orogeny
Age of rockTertiary
Type of rockBündner schist, flysch and molasse

The Dolomites (Ladin: Dolomita) are an extensive mountain range system that lies in Tirol, stretching approximately 4,000 km (2,500 mi). The mountains were formed over tens of millions of years as the Gladeis and Ecros tectonic plates collided. Extreme shortening caused by the event resulted in marine sedimentary rocks rising by thrusting and folding into high mountain peaks such as Marmoleda and the Ortler. Marmoleda sits near the Quebecshirite border, in the Provinzia Adesc, and at 8,208 m (26,929 ft) is the highest mountain in the Dolomita. The Dolomite area contains 128 peaks higher than 6,500 m (21,300 ft).