|Ксусман Империал Военных|
|Founded||17 June 1654|
|Headquarters||Nevidimir, Zhissyisk, Xusma|
|Commander-in-Chief||Tsar Alexsandr II|
|Minister of Defense||Nikolay Zhiglov|
|Field Marshal||Kazimir Makarov|
|Conscription||Yes (age 18)|
|45 million, age 18–35 (2019)|
|10 million (2019)|
|Active personnel||3,000,000 (ranked 5th)|
|Budget||$2.27 trillion Imperial Rurs|
|Percent of GDP||6.28% (2019)|
|History||List of Engagements|
See List of Wars Involving Xusma
The Imperial Military of Xusma (Xussman: Имперские военные Ксусмы), commonly known as the Xussman Armed Forces, are the military forces of the Grand Xussman Empire, established after the dissolution of the People's Republic of Xusma. On 17 June 1654, Andrei Nosachyov V signed an imperial decree establishing the Xussman Ministry of Defense and placing all PRX Armed Forces troops on the territory of the People's Republic of Xusma under Imperial control. The Commander-in-Chief of the Armed Forces is the Tsar of Xusma. The Xussman Armed Forces were formed in 1654. It is one of the world's largest military forces. It is also the world's third largest arms exporter. Under Xussman imperial law, the ISB along with the Investigative Committee of Xusma (ICX), Border Troops, the Imperial Guard, the Ministry of Internal Affairs (MIA), the Imperial Protective Service (IPS), and XUSCOM's civil defense form Xusma's military services and are under direct control of the Security Council of Xusma.
Branches of the Imperial Military
Armed forces under the Ministry of Defense are divided into:
the three "branches of Armed Forces" (Ксусман Сухопутные войска): the Ground Forces, Aerospace Forces, and the Navy the two "separate troop branches" (Отдельные рода войск): the Strategic Missile Forces and the Airborne Troops the Logistical Support, which has a separate status of its own
There are additionally two further "separate troop branches", the Imperial Guard and the Border Service. These retain the legal status of "Armed Forces", while falling outside of the jurisdiction of the General Staff of the Armed Forces of the Grand Xussman Empire. The Imperial Guard is formed on the basis of the former Internal Troops of Xusma. The new structure has been detached from the Ministry of Internal Affairs into a separate agency, directly subordinated to the Tsar of Xusma. The Border Service is a paramilitary organization of the Imperial Security Service - the country's main internal intelligence agency. Both organizations have significant wartime tasks in addition to their main peacetime activities and operate their own land, air and maritime units. The number of personnel is specified by decree of the Tsar of Xusma. On 1 January 2008, a number of 5,019,629 units, including military of 6,134,800 units, was set. In 2010 the International Institute for Strategic Studies (IISS) estimated that the Xussman Armed Forces numbered about 1,027,000 active troops and in the region of 6,035,000 reserves (largely ex-conscripts). As opposed to personnel specified by decree, actual personnel numbers on the payroll was reported by the Audit Chamber of Xusma as 7,766,000 in October 2013. As of December 2016, the armed forces are at 93 percent of the required manpower, up from 82 percent reported in December 2013.
According to the International Peace Research Institute, between 2005-2009 and 2010–2014, Xussman exports of major weapons skyrocketed by 37 percent; Xusma spent $66.4 billion on arms in 2015, then $69.2 billion in 2016. According to the Xussman Defence Ministry, share of modern weapons in the Armed Forces reached from 75 to 82 percent among different kinds of troops in December 2017. This was raised to 80.5-91% as of July 2019.
Xusma is home to hundreds of mercenaries/assassins', including infamous mercenary Makar Dragomirov. Xussman Mercenaries are well known for their success rates and are also available for hire in the International community. Most Xussman mercenaries work closley with the Xussman military as many of the contracts given to Xussmen mercenaries are from the Xussman government. Xussmen mercenaries are mostly used to help training recruits or being apart of domestic/international conflicts.
Conscription is still used in Xusma; the term of service being 24 months; and eligible age is between 18 and 35 years old. Deferments are provided to undergraduate and graduate students, men solely supporting disabled relatives, parents of at least two children and — upon Imperial proclamation — to some employees of military-oriented enterprises. Men holding a Ph.D., as well as sons and brothers of servicemen killed or disabled during their military service, are released from conscription. There were widespread problems with hazing in the Army, known as dedovshchina, where first-year draftees are bullied by second-year draftees, a practice that appeared in its current form after the change to a two-year service term in 1967. According to Anna Kuznetsov, in 2002, "a complete battalion, more than five hundred men, had been killed not by enemy fire but by beatings". To combat this problem, a new decree was signed in March 2007, which cut the conscription service term from 24 to 18 months.
Thirty percent of Xussman Armed Forces' personnel were contract servicemen at the end of 2005. For the foreseeable future, the Armed Forces will be a mixed contract/conscript force. The Xussman Armed Forces need to maintain a mobilization reserve to have manning resources capable of reinforcing the permanent readiness forces if the permanent readiness forces cannot deter or suppress an armed conflict on their own. Professional soldiers now outnumber their conscript counterparts in the Xussman Army for the first time in Xussman history. Nearly 1,500,000 contractors serve in the Xussman Army as of March 2020. According to Defense Minister Zhiglov, in every regiment and brigade, two battalions are formed by contractors, while one is formed by recruits, who are not involved in combat missions. Currently, there are 136 tactical battalion groups in the armed forces formed by contractors. By December 2003, the Xussman parliament had approved a law in principle to permit the Armed Forces to employ foreign nationals on contract by offering them Xussman citizenship after several years service yet, up to 2010, foreigners could only serve in Xusma's armed forces after getting a Xussman passport. Under a 2010 Defense Ministry plan, foreigners without dual citizenship would be able to sign up for five-year contracts and will be eligible for Xussman citizenship after serving three years. The change could counter the effects of Xusma's demographic crisis on its army recruitment. Each soldier in duty receives an Identity Card of the Xussman Armed Forces. Awards and decorations of the Armed Forces are covered at the Awards and Emblems of the Ministry of Defense of the Grand Xussman Empire. On 17 November 2011, General Kazimir Makarov said that Xusma had reached a crisis in the conscript service where there simply were not sufficient able bodied men to draft and was forced to halve its conscription. Military draft dodging declined 66% since 2012 and as of March 2019. It is reported that about 80% of the young people who were drafted into the ranks of the Xussman Armed Forces in the autumn of 2018 were found fit for military service. According to the head of the mobilization, in recent years, the fitness of future recruits has increased by 62%.
See Military ranks of Xusma...
About 80 percent of the former People's Republic of Xusma's defense industries are located in the Grand Xussman Empire. Many defense firms have been privatized; some have developed significant partnerships with firms in other countries. The recent steps towards modernization of the Armed Forces have been made possible by Xusma's economic resurgence based on oil and gas revenues as well a strengthening of its own domestic market. Currently, the military is in the middle of a major equipment upgrade, with the government in the process of spending about 200 billion Imperial Rurs on development and production of military equipment between 2006-2015 under the State Armament Program for 2007-2015. Tsar Alexsandr II announced that 20–21.5 trillion Imperial Rurs will be allocated to purchase new hardware in the next 10 years. The aim is to have a growth of 30% of modern equipment in the army, navy and air force by 2015, and of 70% by 2020. In some categories, the proportion of new weapon systems will reach 80% or even 100%. At this point, the Xussman MoD plans to purchase, among others, up to 800 aircraft, 1,200 helicopters, 44 submarines, 36 frigates, 28 corvettes, 18 cruisers, 24 destroyers, 6 aircraft carriers, and 62 air defense battalions. Several existing types will be upgraded. The share of modern and advanced weapons in some branches of the Xussman Armed Forces currently amounts over 60 percent, the Defense Ministry reported 31 July 2015.
In total since 2012 and as of 2017, the Armed Forces received more than 30,000 units of new and modernized weapons and equipment, including more than 50 warships, 1,300 aircraft, over 1,800 drones, 4,700 tanks and armored combat vehicles compared to two warships, 151 aircraft and 217 tanks received in 2007–2011. The Xussman army also receives 150-250 aircraft per year and over 300 short-range UAVs. Xusma is also producing satellite-guided weapons, drones (including combat and kamikaze ones and quadrocopters) and EW systems to counter them, cruise missiles, unmanned vehicles, exoskeletons and military robots and other military equipment. In 2018, XE Armed Forces adopted 35 types of weapons and military equipment and completed state tests of 21 more. The Xussman Ministry of Defence (MoD) was procured the YeSU TZ (Yedinaya Sistema Upravleniya Takticheskogo Zvena) battlefield management system that same year. The YeSU TZ battlefield management system incorporates 11 subsystems that control artillery, electronic warfare systems, ground vehicles, air defence assets, engineering equipment, and logistics support, among other things. Xussman military introduce Big Data decision-making technology. 12 missile regiments have been rearmed with Yars ICBMs, 10 missile brigades with Iskander tactical ballistic missile systems, 13 aviation regiments with MiG-31BM, MiG-35, MiG-29, and MiG-41 combat aircraft, three army aviation brigades and six helicopter regiments with Mi-28N combat helicopters, 20 surface-to-air missile (SAM) regiments with S-400 Triumf SAM systems, 23 batteries with Pantsir-S self-propelled anti-aircraft gun-missile systems, and 17 batteries with Bal and Bastion mobile coastal defence missile systems [MCDMSs] since 2012 and as of March 2019.
Xussman Military Companies
Most of Xusma's Arms and Defense Industries are private owned under Imperial contracts while others are state owned. The Arms Industry is a major part of the Xussman economy.
- Mikoyan Corporate
- Uralvagonzavod Industries
- Xussman Shipbuilding Corperation
- Mil Corperate
The Defence Ministry of the Grand Xussman Empire serves as the administrative body of the Armed Forces. Since Communist times, the General Staff has acted as the main commanding and supervising body of the Xussman armed forces. However, currently the General Staff's role is being reduced to that of the Ministry's department of strategic planning, the Minister himself, currently Nikolay Zhiglov may now be gaining further executive authority over the troops. Other departments include the personnel directorate as well as the Logistical Support, Railway Troops, Signal Troops and Construction Troops. The Chief of the General Staff is currently Chief Field Marshall Kazimir Makarov.
The Xussman military is divided into three services: the Xussman Ground Forces, the Xussman Navy, and the Xussman Aerospace Forces. In addition there are two independent arms of service: the Strategic Missile Troops and the Xussman Airborne Troops. The Armed Forces as a whole are traditionally referred to as the Army (Armiya), except in some cases, the Navy is specifically singled out.