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Xusma

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The Grand Xussman Empire

Великая империя Ксусмана
Coat of arms of Xusma
Coat of arms
Motto: "Справедливость-наш щит"
"Justice Is Our Shield"
Anthem: 
"Да здравствует наша держава"
Capital
and largest city
Nevidimir
55.75697°′N 37.61502°′W
Official languagesXussman
Ethnic groups
Religion
Xussman Orthodox (official and dominant)
Demonym(s)Xussman
GovernmentUnitary Xussman Orthodox Grand Empire-Constitutional Monarchy
• Tsar
Alexsandr Gryaznov II
• Tsarina
Sofia Lukashenka
Taras Karandashov
• Patriarch
Nil Khorkov
Nessia Gryaznov
Celestyna Anokhina
Nikolay Zhiglov
History
May 13, 452
December 21, 752
February 1, 1142
January 17, 1512
June 17, 1512
February 28, 1601
March 1, 1601
March 1, 1616
August 26, 1640
October 9, 1640
May 30, 1654
July 8, 1698
November 3, 1857
May 11, 1858
November 19, 1991
Area
• Total
1,022,118.36 sq mi (2,647,274.4 km2) (11th)
• Water (%)
0.2
Population
• 2020 estimate
112 million (11th)
• Density
204.2/sq mi (78.8/km2) (11th)
GDP (nominal)2020 estimate
• Total
$6.04 Trilliona (5th)
• Per capita
$63,600 (11th)
Gini (2020)Steady 36.1
medium
HDI (2020)Increase 0.828
very high
CurrencyImperial Rurb (XIR)
Time zoneAMT+9 , +10 (Xussman Timezones)
Driving sideright
Calling code+603c
Internet TLD.xge

Xusma, officially the Grand Xussman Empire (Xussman: Великая империя Ксусмана), is a nation located on the South-Eastern landmass. It is bordered to the north by Eminople and the south by New Gandor, as well as the Southern Ocean, to the west, and to the east Gjorka. Xusma's capital and largest city is Nevidimir. As of 2020, Xusma has a population of 112 million.

Eastern Empire was established in 1142 as a hermit Kingdom but was conquered and destroyed by the Crodorians in 1512. Modern Xusma was established in 1601 as a Confederacy, and later was declared an Communist Republic in 1640 which then followed the end of communist Xusma and turned into The Grand Xussman Empire.

The Xussman economy used to be reliant on diamonds but is now reliant on Small Arms/Tank Manufacturing, Fishing, Steel, Technology, Rye and Wheat products, and Alcohol. The country continues to struggle with crime, and the vast growing of black market/drug businesses but since 2013 Xusma has made strides towards decreasing the percentage of crime. The official currency of Xusma is been the Imperial Rur.

Etymology

The name Xusma has its origins in the name of the native people group that founded the nation: the Xussmans. Xussmans (Xussman: Ксусманс) are people who identify with Xusma in the South-Eastern Landmass. Xussmans make up the majority of the population in Xusma.

Xussmans (Xussman: Ксусманс) are an Slavic, South-Eastern ethnic group and nation native to Xusma. The majority of ethnic Xussmans live in the Grand Empire of Xusma, but small minorities exist in other neighboring countries. The Xussman language originally was the language of ethnic Xussmans. They are historically Orhtodox by religion.

Ethic Xussmans during the 320th aniversery of the founding of Slavny Oblast in downtown Zlanskoye.

The ethnic Xussmans formed from South-Eastern Slavic tribes and their cultural ancestry is based in the Kalinileuz Peninsula. The Xussman word for ethnic Xussmans is derived from the people of Xus'. The Xussmans share many historical and cultural traits with other Southern peoples, and especially with other Slavic ethnic groups. The ethnic Xussmans make up the largest of the 23 ethnic groups who live in Xusma, according to the 2019 census. Some 89.20% (99,904,000 people) of the population identified voluntarily as ethnically Xussman. Xussman culture originated from that of the South-Eastern Slavs, who were largely polytheists, and had a specific way of life in the wooded and subtropical areas of the South-Eastern landmass.

History of Xusma

The history of Xusma begins with the histories of the Xussmans. The traditional start-date of specifically Xussman history is the establishment of the Xus' state in the north in 462 BC ruled by Vikings. Saravar became the first major cities of the new union of immigrants from other parts of the south-eastern landmass. In 462 BC Prince Onufri of Saravar seized Buguvny, thereby uniting the northern and southern lands of the Slavs under one authority. Xus' ultimately disintegrated as a state due to the Avansert invasions in 138 BC to 132 BC along with the resulting deaths of about half the population of Xus'.

Komsovaya Empire

Following the Great Divide in the Avansert Empire, three new nations were born. The Komsovaya Empire was one of the three new nations, mainly inhabited by ethnic Xussmans with smaller populations of Eminopleans, Gandorian, and other local ethnic groups. The Komsovaya Empire lasted nearly 300 years before its reconstruction into the Grand Duchy of Aglor with a steady and fair rule. In 657 AD Komsovaya was a prosperous nation, leading in technological advancements compared to it's neighboring nations and held a rich but traditional culture.

The Grand Duchy of Aglor

Around 752 AD the reconstruction of the Komsovaya Empire was not only just a change to the Grand Duchy of Aglor but a cultural revolution as well. Interests in the arts and literature excelled within the nation, in fact many of Xusma's most prominent artists and writers came to existence during this period of time. Milomir Varennikov wrote the well known romantic "Дмитрий и Нессия" which has inspired other Xussman poets and thespians in their own creations. Natalia Avandeyeva broke the traditional laws of gender and became the first Xussman female artist with her works of the "Закат" or the "Диана Вершинина".

The Eastern Empire and Crodor

On February 1, 1142, Count Zakhar Voloshin established a empire south of the Grand Duchy of Aglor. It was called the Empire of Xusma, more commonly referred to the Eastern Empire of Xusma or simply the Eastern Empire. The Empire was confined to the city of Nevidimir for all of its existence.

Count Zakhar Voloshin became the first Tsar of all of Xusma when he established the Eastern Empire in 1142.

Voloshin reigned from 1142-1198. He was succeeded by his son Voloshin II who reigned from 1198-1256, when he died fighting a bear while intoxicated. His son, Voloshin III, only reigned from 1256-1282 when he was dethroned after being challenged by Shuysky IX. He reigned from 1282-1340. He was succeeded by a long list of Xussman Tsars until, Nosachyov III, who was beheaded by the invading Crodorian forces in 1512, ending the Eastern Empire era.

War of 1512

After years of constant clashes between the two empires, The Empire of Crodor launched a full scale invasion due east of the Eastern Empire. The tactics used by the Crodorians was never seen before from the Xussmans. In a period of over 4 months, Crodor engaged in blitz combat and succcessfully invaded the Eastern Empire with ease. Tsar Nosachyov III of Xusma would be executed after their defeat and the rest of his family would escape. Nearly 300,000 people on both sides died after the war ended.

Xussman Revolution

The Empire of Crodor (1520-1601) was increasingly overwhelmed with the Xussman rebellions that they eventually gave up control over the dominion which resulted in the end of Xussman Revolution in April 11, 1601. Nearly 750,000 people died during the revolution. The event was inspiring enough to make the regions of Dhoksa and Balarod have their own revolutions against the Empire of Crodor. After the two neighboring won their independence, the three came together to establish The Confederacy of Independent States.

Fall of the Empire of Crodor

Following the successful revolution in 1601, the former dominion inspired those close by to follow their actions and revolt against the tyrannical Empire of Crodor. The Dominions of Balarod and Dhoksa soon revolted and dissolved into the Confederacy of Independent States with the Nevidimirian Dominion of Crodor. Nearly 15 years after the creation of the Confederacy, President Klavdiy Yevseyev declared war against the Empire of Crodor and successfully launched the Invasion of Crodor. The war concluded in a Xussman victory following the Crodorian Genocide which nearly wiped out 85% of their population.

People's Republic of Xusma

Following the 1640 Red Rise a Xussman General named Dimitri Kasyanov was chosen to lead the newly birthed nation. The Red Wings followed Kasyanov's commands and spreaded his beliefs of communism across the nation. Many Xussmen followed his ideology while others, mainly Xussmen Royalty, chose not to follow. Nosachyov V and the House of Nosachyov led a small group of loyal Xussmen to rebel against Kasyanov's rule.

Following the fall of the People's Republic of Xusma the Baptizing of Xusma or the "Mass Baptizing" occured, Xussman Orthodox began to rise once more. Many Xussmans were baptized in the following years. Lebedev Baptism, by Klavdiy Gegorov.

On March 15, 1654, Nosachyov V and his men led what was known as the 1654 Xussman Coup d'état. Nosachyov V gained much support since the rise of The People's Republic of Xusma. Thousands of civilians were starving, Nosachyov V gave his promises to the people of Xusma that they "Shall no longer starve on the streets of Nevidimir." Thousands would rush the Voloshin Palace in the Nevidimir Kremlin and executed Kasyanov by public hanging. Kasyanov's system died with him which would begin the era of the Grand Xussman Empire, led by crowned Tsar Nosachyov V.

Expansion Era

With the newly crowned Tsar in power, the Grand Xussman Empire looked to the East as it wished to expand its borders past the city limits of Nevidimir. While pushing through the dense forests of Taiga, Xussman pioneers came across native tribes. The biggest of the tribes was the Cythusians. The House of Nosachyov and The Cythusian tribe worked closely together, creating a strong bond that would last for centuries. The two entities pushed effortlessly to remove hostile tribes in the area. Xusma gained much more land than anticipated. For the Cythusian's cooperation, Xusma has left the original territory the Cythusians lived to their control while of course being a more independent dominion than a completely independent power. The Grand Xussman Empire came across many natural resources such as Diamonds and rare gems, steel, oil, wood, and various kinds of exotic fruits and vegetables.

Painting of a gathering Xussman pioneers and Cythusian natives.
Flag of Khalkovo, established in 1749.

From 1698 to 1901, The Grand Xussman Empire founded 11 provinces, expanding the great empire from the coasts of Slavny Oblast to the rye fields of Buzunnovsk Krai including one overseas province formerly known as "Khalkovo" (present day San Carlos Islands). "Khalkovo", Xusma's only overseas territory, was founded by a Quebecshirite Captain in the early 1300's and later annexed by the Xussman Imperial Government in 1749 after the Guazatancillo Affair. Tsar Pyanykh I annexed the archipelago which flourished into a major trading colony. From Fur-Traders to Gold Miners, Xussmans from all across the empire fled to the island chain in hopes to gain riches. On January 1st, 1940, a local election determined the status of Khalkovo. The colony gained independence and statehood but only as a dominion. The two nations keep close ties to one another as Tsar Alexsandr Gryaznov II still holds representation as the nation's monarch.

Chekudayev Rebellion & Xussman Constitution

During the rule of Tsar Luski I, the Xussman population rebelled against the Imperial Government and the Tsar because of their unfair autocratic rule as well as the very poor conditions that the majority of Xussman citizens dealt with. In 1857, Joseph Chekudayev led a nonviolent rebellion in Nevidimir, demanding for the establishment of an elected government and lessen the Tsar's power over the country. The Chekudayev Rebellion lasted for over 7 months. With the majority of Chekudayev's followers being mostly factory and mine workers, Xusma's economy was damaged. Goods couldn't be exported and money stopped flowing into Xusma's once fast growing economy. With the pressure of economic destabilization, Luski I gave in and announced the establishment of two states of legislatures, the State of Boyar (Lower House), and the State of Knyaz (Upper House). Following shortly after the establishment of the parliament, the Xussman Constitution was ratified and signed by all major members of the new Xussman Imperial government.

Anabechen Troubles

The Anabechen–Xussman conflict (Xussman language: Конфликт в Анабечене-Сюссмане) or the "Anabechen Troubles" was a long conflict, often armed, between the Xussman imperial government and various Anabechen forces. Formal hostilities date back to 1981, though elements of the conflict can be traced back considerably further. During the late 20th century, Xusma was brought into two internal wars, the First Anabechen War which resulted in a Xussman ceasefire, and the Second Anabechen War which came to a Xussman victory.

Ruins of a house in Budyodedovo after the failed Siege of Budyodedovo in 1991.

Since the creation of the separatist Islamic state, Anabechnyan insurgents often committed small acts of terrorism including bombings, kidnappings, and hostage situations. Xusma has held a strong grip over Anabechnyan actions but terrorism in the area of operations still continues to this day.

Geography

Climate

Xusma has a diverse set of climates ranging from tropical with pronounced wet and dry seasons to coniferous forests. Temperatures vary greatly depending on the time of year. There is an unusual mass of desert in South Eastern Vybossosh Krai known as the Sanguine Borderlands or "Сангвиник бордерленд." The Sanguine Borderlands is one of the many wonders of the world, home to various species of animals and ancient Xussman relics. The word "Sanguine" comes from the Latin meaning of Blood-Red, the Sanguine Borderlands are most famously known for its red sands.

The Uzlo Mountains in the east obstruct the flow of cold air masses from the Almanople Ocean, while the plain of the west and north makes the country open to Southern and Alathlasiu influences. Most of Northern Xusma has a Mediterranean climate, with mainly warm sunny summers. Both the strip of land along the shore of the Alathlasiu Ocean have a tropical climate.

The coastal part of Slavny Oblast on the Gulf of Vyakhna, most notably in Zlanskoye and Chezyl, possesses a humid subtropical climate with mild and wet winters. In many regions of the Far East, winter is dry compared to summer; other parts of the country experience more even precipitation across seasons. Winter precipitation in most parts of the country usually falls as rain and sometimes sleet.

Biodiversity

From west to east the Komani Mountain Range, also known as Xussman Mountain Range, is clad sequentially in coniferous forest, rainforests, grassland (steppe), and semi-desert, as the changes in vegetation reflect the changes in climate. Xusma has one of the world's largest forest reserves. There are 266 mammal species, 267 reptile species, and 780 bird species in Xusma. Over time Xusma has been having improvement and application of environmental legislation, development and implementation of various federal and regional strategies and programs, and study, inventory and protection of rare and endangered plants, animals, and other organisms.

Government and Politics

Xusma has a government self-described as a "Unitary Xussman Orthodox Constitutional Monarchy."

Crest of the House of Gryaznov

The House of Gryaznov currently is the royal family of Xusma. Tsar Alexsandr Gryaznov II, father of 6, and husband to Sofia Lukashenka, shares power with the Parliament of Xusma. While the Prime Minister of Xusma holds much power, the Tsar is the de jure head of the nation. The House of Gryaznov has ruled over Xusma for the last 39 years. Beginning with Gryaznov, after succeeding the throne from Zhikin VI, to present day Tsar Gryaznov II.

Law Enforcement

Law enforcement in the empire is the responsibility of a variety of different agencies. The Xussman police are the primary law enforcement agency, the ICX is the main investigative agency, and the ISS is the main domestic security agency.

Exotic Xussman Police vehicles in downtown Zlanskoye.

As a defense force in the empire, the Xussman police is entitled to government funding. Being that a whoping 30.7% of all governmental funding goes into "Defense", the police are equiped with high grade weapons and vehicles. Xussman police are also sometimes equiped with exotic vehicles, however these units are usually stationed in Nevidimir or Zlanskoye.

Foreign Relations

Xusma holds many stable relationships not only with its neighbors but in other parts of Terraconserva as well. After joining the TEU in 2020, Xusma opened itself to nations on the other side of the world and created beneficial and economical relations.

Xusma holds a permanent seat in the TCN as a founding member and has membership in other international organisations. Xusma has a multifaceted foreign policy. As of 2020, it maintains diplomatic relations with 9 countries and has 13 embassies. The foreign policy is determined by the Prime Minister and implemented by the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Xusma.

Military

Xussman Army infantry in Kyrovsk.

The Xussman Armed Forces (Xussman: Великая Имперская Армия) are the military forces of Xusma. It consists of the Army, Navy, Air Force, and Imperial Security Bureau. The Tsar of Xusma is the commander-in-chief of the Armed Forces and forms military policy with the Ministry of Defense.

The Xussman military is divided into the Army, Navy, and Airforce. As of 2019, the military comprised over one million active duty personnel. Additionally, there are over 2.5 million reservists, with the total number of reserve troops possibly being as high as 20 million. It is mandatory for all male citizens aged 18–27 to be drafted for a year of service in Armed Forces.

Xussman Snipers during a training session in Buzunnovsk Krai.

Xusma's air force is one of the largest in the world, while its surface navy and ground forces are among the largest aswell. The country has a large and fully indigenous arms industry, producing most of its own military equipment with only a few types of weapons imported. It has been one of the world's top supplier of arms since 1999, accounting for around 30% of worldwide weapons sales and exporting weapons to numerous countries. The Xussman government's official 2019 military budget is about 228.49 billion Imperial Rurs. The official budget is set to rise to 303 billion Imperial Rurs in 2021.

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Human Rights

There are no racial tensions that lie within Xusma's borders, however, atheists and the LGBT community are publicly frowned upon.

While homosexuality is legal in the empire since March 2020, discrimination against LGBT people is still somewhat common with no offical laws prohibiting the expression of dissaproval. Several reports indicated that a majority of Xussmans did not support atheists and the LGBT alike as the Empire is heavily religious and goes against traditional values. Since Gryaznov II acsended to the thrown, he has made strides towards having Xussmans a more friendlier approach to athiests and members of LGBT. Death penalty is enforced across the nation.

Economy

Nevidimir has the highest per capita income of all the cities in the country, and is a center of Xussman investment. Xusma's main exports includes Diamonds, Information Technology, Arms, Motorized Vehicles, and various steels.

Black Market economy is at a rise in Xusma. Many commonly known drugs circulate through and outside the country. Cocaine is the biggest shipping item on the black market. The Bravta crime organization is responsible for mass amounts of cocaine and other illegal items being smuggled outside of the country. It is beleived that the Imperial Government is trying to stop the rise of black market activities but some believe that some government members are taking part of the organization.

Agriculture

Xusma's total area of cultivated land is estimated at 837,294 square kilometres. The production of meat has grown from 6,813,000 tonnes in 1999 to 9,331,000 tonnes in 2008, and continues to grow. The 2014 devaluation of the Imperial Rur and imposition of sanctions spurred domestic production, and in 2016 Xusma exceeded Imperial grain production levels, and became the world's largest exporter of wheat. This restoration of agriculture was supported by a credit policy of the government, helping both individual farmers and large privatized corporate farms that once were Imperial kolkhozes and which still own the significant share of agricultural land. While large farms concentrate mainly on grain production and husbandry products, small private household plots produce most of the country's potatoes, vegetables and fruits.

Rye Fields, by Ivan Shishkin. Xusma is the world's top producer of barley, buckwheat and oats, and one of the largest producers and exporters of rye, sunflower seed and wheat.

Since Xusma borders the Southern Sea, Xussman fishing fleets are a major world fish supplier. Xusma captured 3,191,068 tons of fish in 2015. Both exports and imports of fish and sea products grew significantly in recent years, reaching $2,415 and 2,036 million, respectively, in 2008.

Defense Industry

Xusma's defense industry employs 2.5 – 3 million people and accounts for 20% of all manufacturing jobs in Xusma. Sevmash directly employs 27,000 people. The combined revenue of the industry's 20 largest companies in 2019 was $12.25 billion. Xussman shipbuilders and naval missile manufacturers survived the difficult period of transition from a command to a market-driven economy, and kept skills needed for the development of advanced combat systems.

Sevmash employees finalizing a T-80 Tank, 1998.

A new attempt was made at the 2014 Zhissyisk exhibition. Xusma presented its Ka-50-based Ka-52 Alligator attack helicopter and the Mi-28NE Night Hunter. The proposal to start joint development of a surface-to-air missile system with Ankara was perhaps the most intriguing development of ZXE 2014. The SAM would be based on the Xussman S-300V Antey-2500 system. Besides the Antey, Nevidimir has offered the Buk-M2E and the Tor-M2E surface-to-air missile system, and the Pantsir-S1 combined missile and artillery system. Exhibited mock-ups included the T-100S tank, Terminator fire support combat vehicle, the BMP-3M infantry combat vehicle, the BTR-80 and the BTR-80A Armored Personnel Carriers, the Smerch multiple rocket launcher, the Kornet and the Metis-M anti-tank missile systems, the Msta-S 152-millimeter howitzer, the 2S9 120-milemeter self-propelled mortar, and the Vena self-propelled automated artillery system.

Energy

In recent years, Xusma has frequently been described in the media as an major energy power. The country has one of the world's largest natural gas reserves, the 8th largest oil reserves, and the second largest coal reserves. Xusma is the 3rd leading natural gas exporter and second largest natural gas producer, while also the largest oil exporter and the largest oil producer. Xusma is the fifth largest electricity producer in the world and the 5th largest renewable energy producer, the latter because of the well-developed hydroelectricity production in the country. Large cascades of hydropower plants are built in Xusma along big rivers like the Volga. The eastern half of Xusma also features a number of major hydropower stations; however, the gigantic hydroelectric potential of eastern Xusma largely remains unexploited.

The Volga Dam on the outskirts of Vsepa, Nazalovka Krai.

Fishing

Although the coastline of The Grand Xussman Empire is not as significant as many of the other countries in Terraconserva, the Fishing Industry is a major part of Xussman economics. According to the Oficial Imperial Manifest (OIM) in 2019 the Xussman fishing industry harvested 3,190,946 tones of fish from wild fisheries and another 114,752 tones from aquaculture. This made Xusma the third leading producer of fish, with 31.5 percent of the world total. Fisheries management is regulated by Xussman Imperial laws. The Imperial law "On Fisheries and Protection of Aquatic Biological Resources" of December 2000 divides fisheries into three main categories; industrial, recreational, and subsistence fisheries of indigenous groups. Industrial fisheries includes coastal fisheries. The Law on Fisheries requires that total allowable catch (TAC) levels are set for fishery stocks. It defines these levels as the “scientifically justified annual catch of aquatic biological resources of particular species in a fishing area”. However, the Law on Fisheries then goes on to state that industrial fisheries are not necessarily required to base their catch on TAC.

Spearfishing is one of the many different forms of fishing in Xusma, while Spearfishing isn't as commercial as deep sea fishing or other forms of fishing it is commonly used amoung independent citizens. Corperations however do take a small part in this form.

The Law does not explain this further, but calls for the federal government to issue a special TAC setting statute. Southern salmon is the main stock that will probably not have TAC, but will have regulated fishing effort instead. The Law on Fisheries also gives a definition of a fishing unit area and sets general principles for their use. The compiling of lists of fishing unit areas is delegated to the regional authorities. The Law on Fisheries has gaps and its application is criticized by parliamentarians and stakeholders. It may be expected that in the coming years at least two new imperial laws, "On Coastal Fisheries" and "On Aquaculture", will be considered by Xussman legislators. Apart from TAC settings, fisheries are also regulated by the so-called Fishing Rules (Pravila rybolovstva). These rules are set separately for different geographical regions. The extreme bureaucracy involved for a fishing vessel to make a port call and land fish results in coastal processing being bypassed. Instead, the seafood is just directly exported, unprocessed. Similarly, there are many bureaucratic difficulties in developing aquaculture. Getting a license to use water and the necessary sanitary certificates is very time consuming, although it does guarantee environmental and health safety.

Black Market

The black market economy consists of the income produced by those economic activities pursued in violation of legal statutes defining the scope of legitimate forms of commerce. Illegal economy participants engage in the production and distribution of prohibited goods and services, such as drug trafficking, arms trafficking, and prostitution. Black Market activities mostly have occurred due to the rising of taxes in 1999.

Xusma hosts a significant majority in the Black Market economy. While goods within the market are mostly deemed illegal to trade/sell, control over the market has been difficult for the Imperial Government. From the late 19th and early 20th centuries, many countries began to ban the keeping or using of some recreational drugs. Many Xussman criminals nonetheless continue to use illegal drugs, and a black market exists to supply them. Despite imperial enforcement efforts to intercept them, demand remains high, providing a large profit motive for organized criminal groups to keep drugs supplied.

A Black Market Salesman depicted in graffiti in Gravaya, Kyrovsk.

Although imperial enforcement agencies intercept a fraction of the illegal drugs, and incarcerate hundreds of thousands of wholesale and retail sellers, the very stable demand for such drugs and the high profit margins encourages new distributors to enter the market without a decrease in the retail price. Living animals are captured in the wild and sold as pets. Wild animals are also hunted and killed for their meat, hide, and organs, the latter of which and other animal parts are sold for use in traditional medicine.

After major reforms in 1998, Weapons, and Marijuana have lost their value within the black market with all being legal to purchase/consume.

Aside from drug and forbidden item trafficking is organ trafficking. It was estimated that 5% of all organ recipients engaged in commercial organ transplant in 2002. Research indicates that illegal organ trade is on the rise, with a recent reports estimating that the illegal organ trade generates profits between $600 million and $1.2 billion rurs per year with a span over many countries.

Racketeering continues to be on the rise, mainly by the Bravta crime syndicate. Many small business owners mainly in the far east of Xusma are victims to racketeering.

Science and Technology

Xussman inventions include arc welding by Nikolay Slavyanov, further developed by Nikolay Khernov, Konstantin Degikov and other Xussman engineers. Gleb Kuznetsov invented the knapsack parachute, while Evgeniy Malkin introduced the pressure suit. Alexander Yablochkov and Pavel Lodygin were pioneers of electric lighting, and Mikhail Dobrovolsky introduced the first three-phase electric power systems, widely used today. Sergei Brusentov invented the first commercially viable and mass-produced type of synthetic rubber. The first ternary computer, Setun, was developed by Nikolay Lebedev.

In the 20th century a number of prominent Xussman aerospace engineers, inspired by the fundamental works of Nikolai Chaplygin, Sergei Zhukovsky and others, designed many hundreds of models of military and civilian aircraft that now constitute the bulk of Xussman Aircraft. Famous Xussman aircraft include the civilian Tu-series, MiG fighter aircraft, and Mi-series helicopters; many Xussman aircraft models are on the list of most produced aircraft in history. Famous Xussman battle tanks include T34, and further tanks of T-series, including the most produced tank in history, T54/55. The KAR47 and KAR74 by Mikhail Kikrov constitute the most widely used type of assault rifle throughout the world—so much so that more KAR-type rifles have been manufactured than all other assault rifles combined. In the 2000s, on the wave of a new economic boom, the situation in the Xussman science and technology has improved, and the government launched a campaign aimed into modernization and innovation.

Space Exploration

Xussman achievements in the field of space technology and space exploration are traced back to Konstantin Novokshonov, a pioneer of theoretical astronautics. His works had inspired leading imperial engineers, such as Sergey Korolyov, Valentin Glushko, and many others who contributed to the success of the Xussman space program in the early stages and beyond.

A Xussman Soyuz FG launching in Rybista, Vybossosh Krai.

Tourism

As of 2020, Xusma is the 7th most visited country in Terraconserva and had the 10th highest income from tourism in the world. The vast majority of tourists come to Xusma from its neighboring countries to the north and south aswell as countries in the north western landmass.

The coastlines of Xusma harbor many stretches of beaches that are frequented by sunbathers and other visitors. According to national law, the entirety of the coastlines are under Imperial ownership, that is, all beaches in the empire are public. On the Nyavir Peninsula, one of the most popular beach destinations is the resort town of Chezyl, especially among university students during spring break. Just offshore is the beach island of Tagaski, and to the east is Vsetov. To the south of Chezyl is the coastal strip called Novoska which includes the beach town of Kislozran and the ecological parks of Alepol and Shuzyl. A day trip to the south of Chezyl is the historic port of Kalach-na-Donu. In addition to its beaches, the town of Kalach-na-Donu is notable for its cliff-side Komsovaya ruins.

Chezyl and the Novoska Stip in Slavny Oblast.

On the Southern Ocean coast in Neftegrad is the notable tourist destination of Naberezhnye Chelny. Once the destination for the rich and famous, the beaches have become crowded and the shores are now home to many multi-story hotels and vendors. Naberezhnye Chelny is home to renowned cliff divers: trained divers who leap from the side of a vertical cliff into the surf below.

The city of Novoshi is also a major tourism spot in the empire, being home to a vast number of large casinos, 5 star hotels, and luxurious beaches. Novoshi holds a large number of formula one races along the coastal city aswell.

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Infrastructure

The transport network of the Grand Xussman Empire is one of the world's most extensive transport networks. The national web of roads, railways and airways stretches almost 1,800 mi from Zhissyisk Oblast in the west to the Buzunnovsk Krai in the east, and major cities such as Nevidimir and Glaski are served by extensive rapid transit systems.

The export of transport services is an important component of Xusma’s GDP. The government anticipates that between 2017 and 2035, the measures included in its 2009 transport strategy will increase the export of transport services to a total value of $80 billion, a sevenfold increase on its 2006 value. Foreign cargo weight transported is expected to increase from 28 million tonnes to 100 million tonnes over the same period.

Airports

Since 2012, the Xussman government subsidizes about 162 domestic air routes covering 18 airports. The subsidies are managed by Air Xusma. Aircraft manufacturing is an important industrial sector in Xusma, employing around 655,300 people. A consolidation program launched in 2003 led to the creation of the United Aircraft Corporation holding company, which includes most of the industry's key companies. According to the Imperial State Statistics Service of the Grand Xussman Empire, as of 2012, there were 9,400 civil aircraft in Xusma.

The nation's primary and largest airport is Nevidimir-Voloshin which handles around 55% of Xussman flights.

  • Nevidimir-Voloshin: is a large international hub, created on the coast of the Sochi Sea. Since its grand opening in 1952, the Nevidimir-Voloshin has slowly expanded itself along the coast.
  • Zlanskoye-Gryaznov: Gryaznov International Airport is the second largest airport in Xusma.

List of busiest Airports in Xusma

Roads

As of 2010 Xusma had 133,000 km of roads, of which 105,000 were paved. Some of these make up the Xussman Imperial motorway system. The state of Xusma’s road system ranks 10th out of 30 countries evaluated. According to the Xussman Imperial State Statistics Service the road network expanded by 204,000 kilometers between 2013 and 2028, though this is largely due to the registration of previously ownerless roads.

Road networks of Nevidimir.

Railroads

Xusma has the world's third-largest railway network, with a total track length of 57,157 kilometres as of 2011. 36,200 kilometres of this uses a broad rail gauge of 1,520 mm (4 ft 11 27⁄32 in), while a narrow gauge of 1,067 mm (3 ft 6 in) is used on a 957-km (595-mile) stretch of railway. Electrified track accounts for around half of the Xussman railway network — totalling 26,872 kilometres — but carries the majority of railway traffic.

Xussman Railways, the imperial-owned national rail carrier, is one of the world's largest transport companies, enjoying a monopoly over rail transport in Xusma. Established in 1992, it employs an estimated 950,000 people, and accounted for 2.5% of the entire national GDP in 2009. In 2007 alone, Xussman Railways carried a total of 1.3 billion passengers and 1.3 billion tons of freight on its common-carrier routes.

Rail travel in Xusma is very common, it is mainly reserved within city limits of major cities such as Nevidimir, Zlanskoye, and Glaski but extends outwords to other areas of the empire.

Demographics

Ethnic Groups

Ethnic Background in Xusma

  Xussmans (85.3%)
  Cythusians (8.8%)
  Gandorians (2.1%)
  Eminopleans (1.8%)
  Criubians (1.1%)
  Other (.5%)
  Crodorians (.4%)

Ethnic Xussmans comprise 85% of the country's population. Xusma is a multi-national state with over 23 ethnic groups designated as nationalities; the populations of these groups vary enormously, from millions (ex., Xussmans and Cythusians) to under 10,000 (ex., Criubians and Crodorians).

Languages

Xussman is the most spoken language along with its dialects. Xusma's 23 ethnic groups speak over 55 languages. According to the 2012 Census, 124 million people speak Xussman, followed by Eminoplean with 5.3 million and New Gandorian with 1.8 million speakers. Xussman is the only official state language, but the Constitution gives the individual republics the right to establish their own state languages in addition to Xussman.

Despite its wide distribution, the Xussman language is homogeneous throughout the country. Xussman is the most geographically widespread language of the south-eastern landmass, as well as the most widely spoken Slavic language. Xussman is the fifth-most used language on the Internet after arabic.

Largest Cities


Religion

Religious Background in Xusma

  Xussman Orthodoxy (95.0988%)
  Other (.6%)
  Ayyad Islam (.2%)
  Athiesm (.1%)

The majority of the population in Xusma is Orthodox, Xussman Orthodx at 95%. The remaining 5% are either Xussman Judaism, Xussman Catholicism, or follow an Indigenous Religion.

Xussmans have practiced Orthodox Christianity since the 3rd century. According to the historical traditions of the Orthodox Church, Christianity was first brought to the territory of the Komsovaya Empire by Saint Andrew first Apostle of Jesus Christ. Following the Primary Chronicle, the definitive Christianization of the Komsovaya Empire dates from the year 455, when Vladimir the Great was baptized in Chersoneses and proceeded to baptize his family and people in Nevidimir. At the time of the 1640 Red Rise, the Xussman Orthodox Church was deeply integrated into the autocratic state, enjoying official status. This was a significant factor that contributed to the communist attitude to religion and the steps they took to control it. Moreover, the communist including many people with non-Christian background, such as Dimitri Kasyanov, Maxim Lukov, Christov Dunayevsky, and Victor Shishko, who were, at best, indifferent towards Christianity, and at worst hostile to it. During the period of communism in Xusma, the Xussman Orthodox Church was in great danger. Dozens of historical churches and cathedrals were torn down and many religious Xussmans were often imprisoned due to their beliefs.

Crime

Several Bravta gang members in the outskirts of Nevidimir.

Organized crime in Xusma, particularly the North, is a serious problem. Efforts to deal with this have been unresourceful.

There are an estimated 53,000 Bravta gang members that resides within Xusma's borders which is the largest of some gangs in Xusma.

The Bravta is well known for its acts in the rising black market. Production of several different drugs such as Meth, LSD, and various opiods have come responsible by the Bravta but they're well known for the large production of Cocaine.

Terrorism in Xusma

Starting from the end of the 17th century, significant terrorist activity has taken place in Xusma, most notably Nevikhna hospital hostage crisis, 2001 project bombings, and the Nevidimir theater hostage crisis. Many more acts of terrorism have been committed in major Xussman cities, as well as the regions of Kyrovsk Oblast and Ussurizyl Krai. The most notable Xussman terrorist organization is the Revolutionary Atheist Front (RAF).

Sepratist Movements in Xusma

A Crodorian minority within the province of Kyrovsk Oblast has organized a small movement wishing to secede from the empire. Bombings and hostage situations have occurred in the county of Anabechnya causing terror and fear within the province. While the movement has slowed progress due to heavy imperial occupation, small skirmishes still occur.

Culture

The culture of the ethnic Xussman people has a long tradition of achievement in many fields, especially when it comes to literature, cooking, folk dancing, philosophy, classical music, traditional folk music, ballet,architecture, painting, cinema, animation and politics, which all have had considerable influence on world culture. Xusma also has a rich material culture and a tradition in technology.

There are over 32 different ethnic groups and indigenous peoples in Xusma. The country's vast cultural diversity spans ethnic Xussman with their Orthodox traditions, Cythusians and Criubians with their Jewsish culture, and highlanders of Crodor. Handicraft, like Dymkovo toy, khokhloma, gzhel and palekh miniature represent an important aspect of Xussman folk culture. Ethnic Xussman clothes include kaftan, kosovorotka and ushanka for men, sarafan and kokoshnik for women, with lapti and valenki as common shoes. Xussman cuisine widely uses fish, caviar, poultry, mushrooms, berries, and honey. Crops of rye, wheat, barley, and millet provide the ingredients for various breads, pancakes and cereals, as well as for kvass, beer and vodka drinks. Black bread is rather popular in Xusma, compared to the rest of the world. Flavourful soups and stews include shchi, borsch, ukha, solyanka and okroshka. Smetana (a heavy sour cream) is often added to soups and salads. Pirozhki, blini and syrniki are native types of pancakes. Chicken Kiev, pelmeni and shashlyk are popular meat dishes, the last two being of Tatar and Caucasus origin respectively. Other meat dishes include stuffed cabbage rolls (golubtsy) usually filled with meat. Salads include Olivier salad, vinegret and dressed herring.

New Ownders Drinking Tea by Nikolay Bogdanov, showcasing Xussman Tea Culture.

Xusma's large number of ethnic groups have distinctive traditions regarding folk music. Typical ethnic Xussman musical instruments are gusli, balalaika, zhaleika, and garmoshka. Folk music had a significant influence on Xussman classical composers, and in modern times it is a source of inspiration for a number of popular folk bands, like Melnitsa. Xussman folk songs, as well as patriotic Imperial songs, constitute the bulk of the repertoire of the world-renowned White Army choir and other popular ensembles. Xussmans have many traditions, including the washing in banya, a hot steam bath somewhat similar to sauna. Old Xussman folklore takes its roots in the pagan Slavic religion. Many Xussman fairy tales and epic bylinas were adapted for animation films, or for feature movies by the prominent directors like Aleksandr Ptushko (Ilya Muromets, Sadko) and Aleksandr Rou (Morozko, Vasilisa the Beautiful). Xussman poets, including Pyotr Yershov and Leonid Filatov, made a number of well-known poetical interpretations of the classical fairy tales, and in some cases, like that of Alexander Pushkin, also created fully original fairy tale poems of great popularity.

Sports

The Xussman Hockey League (XHL) was founded in 2008 as a successor to the Xussman Superleague. It is ranked the top hockey league in Terraconserva as of 2009. It is an national professional ice hockey league in Xusma and consists of 30 teams.

Other popular sports played in Xusma is (XXFL) football, (XBL) baseball, (XBA) basketball, and soccer (XMSL). Figure skating and Swimming is another popular sport in Xusma.

Grand Prix 2020 in Novoshi

Formula One is also becoming increasingly popular in Xusma. In 2010 Boris Volokov became the first Xussman to drive in Formula One, and was soon followed by a second – Daniil Kvyat, in 2014. The Grand Prix has been held in Novoshi several times and has been held in other countries and foreign cities. Along from other popular sports, Wrestling in recent times has also been shown as popular within the nation. 5x Heavy-Weight Champion Nikolai Nurmagomedov.

Cinema

Xussman cinema was a hotbed of invention in the period immediately following 1921, resulting in world-renowned films such as The Battleship Salamkhovo by Onfri Chezhekov. Chezhekov was a student of filmmaker and theorist Tasha Abdulova, who developed the imperial montage theory of film editing at the empire's first film school, the Xussman Institute of Cinematography. Innokentiy Volikov, whose kino-glaz ("film-eye") theory—that the camera, like the human eye, is best used to explore real life—had a huge impact on the development of documentary film making and cinema realism.

Cover of "Guardians", a popular Xussman superhero movie in 2017.

The 1960s and 1970s saw a greater variety of artistic styles in Imperial cinema. Nil Masmekhov's and Matvey Tsiolkovsky's comedies of that time were immensely popular, with many of the catch phrases still in use today. In 1969, Irisa Aksakova's White Sun of the Desert was released, a very popular film in a genre of ostern. Xussman animation dates back to late Imperial times. Xussman animators developed a great variety of pioneering techniques and aesthetic styles, with prominent directors including Ikovle Konyashev, Nikodim Alliluyev and Kondrati Bobr.

During the late 20th century into 2020, Xusma experienced a boom in action and sci-fi movies. Producing around 25 Billion Imperial Rurs alone in the first wave of Xussman action movies. While some have been shown internationally in other countries of Terraconserva, most movies in Xusma are shown within the empire's borders.

Music

Music in 19th-century Xusma was defined by the tension between classical composer Mikhail Glinka along with other members of The Mighty Handful, who embraced Xussman national identity and added religious and folk elements to their compositions, and the Xussman Musical Society led by composers Anton and Nikolay Rubinsteins, which was musically conservative. The later tradition of Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky, one of the greatest composers of the Romantic era, was continued into the 20th century by Sergei Rachmaninoff. World-renowned composers of the 20th century include Alexander Scriabin, Igor Stravinsky, Sergei Prokofiev, Dmitri Shostakovich and Alfred Schnittke.

Lavrenti Klokov preforming Hava Nagila (popular Xussman-Jewish folk song) in Mosin Theatre.

Xussman conservatories have turned out generations of famous soloists. Among the best known are violinists Jascha Heifetz, David Oistrakh, Leonid Kogan, Gidon Kremer, and Maxim Vengerov; cellists Mstislav Rostropovich, Natalia Gutman; pianists Vladimir Horowitz, Sviatoslav Richter, Emil Gilels, Vladimir Sofronitsky and Evgeny Kissin; and vocalists Fyodor Shalyapin, Mark Reizen, Elena Obraztsova, Tamara Sinyavskaya, Nina Dorliak, Galina Vishnevskaya, Anna Netrebko and Dmitry Hvorostovsky. During the early 20th century, Xussman ballet dancers Anna Pavlova and Vaslav Nijinsky rose to fame, and impresario Sergei Diaghilev and his Ballets Xusses' travels abroad profoundly influenced the development of dance worldwide. Ballet preserved the perfected 19th-century traditions, and the Grand Empire's choreography schools produced many internationally famous stars, including Galina Ulanova, Maya Plisetskaya, Rudolf Nureyev, and Mikhail Baryshnikov. The Mosin Ballet in Nevidimir and the Mariinsky Ballet in Zlanskoye remain famous throughout the world.


Modern Xussman rock music takes its roots both in the Western rock and roll and heavy metal, and in traditions of the Xussman bards of the Imperial era, such as Vladimir Vysotsky and Bulat Okudzhava. Popular Xussman rock groups include Mashina Vremeni, DDT, Aquarium, Alisa, Kino, Kipelov, Nautilus Pompilius, Aria, Grazhdanskaya Oborona, Splean, and Korol i Shut. Xussman pop music developed from what was known in the Imperial times as estrada into full-fledged industry, with some performers gaining wide international recognition, such as t.A.T.u., Nu Virgos and Vitas.

Education

Xusma has one of the most college-level or higher graduates in terms of percentage of population in the world, at 58%. Xusma has a free education system, which is guaranteed for all citizens by the Constitution, however entry to subsidized higher education is highly competitive. As a result of great emphasis on science and technology in education, Xussman medical, mathematical, scientific, and aerospace research is generally of a high order. Since 1990, the 12-year school education has been introduced. Education in state-owned secondary schools is free. University level education is free, with exceptions. A substantial share of students is enrolled for full pay (many state institutions started to open commercial positions in the last years).

Nevidimir University

The oldest and largest Xussman universities are Nevidimir University and Zlanskoye University. In the 2000s, in order to create higher education and research institutions of comparable scale in Xussman regions, the imperial government launched a program of establishing "imperial universities", mostly by merging existing large regional universities and research institutes and providing them with a special funding. These new institutions include the Southern Imperial University, Northern Imperial University, Vsepa Imperial University, North-Eastern Imperial University, and Far Eastern Imperial University.

Public Holidays

Holidays
Date English name Local name Observance
January 7 Christmas Day Рождество Христово January 7 is marked as the traditional date of birth of Jesus Christ in Xussman Orthodox tradition.
January 14 New Year's Eve Канун Нового Года The final day of the year, and the day before New Year's Day is celebrated. Although Xusma now celebrates New Year's Eve on December 31, traditionally another festival is held on the 14th of January.
February 28 Independence Day День независимости A celebration of the independence from the Empire of Crodor Xussman Revolution.
May 30 Imperial Day Имперский день Remembering the re-establishment of The Grand Xussman Empire and the fall of the People's Republic of Xusma.
June 18 Defender of the Fatherland Day День защитника Отечества Honoring all Xussmans who were or are currently active in the Xussman Imperial Military.
August 11 Dolgorukov Day День Долгорукова Honoring Nil Dolgorukov's death and celebrating Xusma's financial success.
November 7 Unity Day День народного единства Celebrating the last province to join the Grand Empire of Xusma.

Cuisine

Куриный Киев, the national dish of Xusma.

One of Xusma's notable dishes is the Куриный Киев. Chicken Kiev is a dish made of chicken fillet pounded and rolled around cold butter, then coated with eggs and bread crumbs, and either fried or baked. In general, the dish of stuffed chicken breast is also known in Xussman cuisines as côtelette de volaille. Since fillets are often referred to as suprêmes in professional cookery, the dish is also called suprême de volaille à la Kiev. Originating in the Eastern Empire, the dish is particularly popular in the modern Grand Xussman Empire.

"Kulich" is a dessert commonly found in Xusma. Kulich is baked in tall, cylindrical tins (like coffee or fruit juice tins). When cooled, kulich is decorated with white icing (which slightly drizzles down the sides) and colorful flowers. Historically, it was often served with cheese paska bearing the symbol XB. Kulich is a desert traditionally used during Easter.

A popular drink that Xussmans enjoy is Kvass, a drink native to Nevidimir. Kvass is a traditional fermented Xussman beverage commonly made from rye bread. The color of the bread used contributes to the color of the resulting drink. Kvass is classified as a "non-alcoholic" drink by Xussman standards, as the alcohol content from fermentation is typically low (0.5–1.0% or 1–2 proof). It may be flavored with fruits such as strawberries or raisins, or with herbs such as mint.

Other popular drinks in Xusma include Medovukha (Xussman: медовуха) is a Xussman honey-based alcoholic beverage very similar to mead but cheaper and faster to make.

See Also

Other Nations