Republic of Terranihil
Freinnortán er Teraníl
Motto: " Gomp uoz ozhiem "
"Steadfast towards progress"
Anthem: Žian er Teraníl
and largest city
|Government||Unitary atheist One-Party Republic|
• Deputy Chairwoman
|1,449,894 sq mi (3,755,210 km2) (11th)|
• Water (%)
• 2018 estimate
|54.98 million (14th)|
|71.9/sq mi (27.8/km2) (11th)|
|GDP (nominal)||2018 estimate|
₹24.3 trillion (18th)
• Per capita
|Gini (2018)|| 36.2|
|HDI (2018)|| 0.758|
|Currency||Terranilian Reden (TNR)|
|Time zone||AMT-1, -2, -3, -4 (Terranilian Timezones)|
Terranihil, (Terranilian: Teraníl), officially the Republic of Terranihil (Terranilian: Freinnortán er Teraníl), is a country on Eos in Terraconserva, bordering Greater Sacramento to the north and Malgax to the south. Occupying 1,449,894 square miles (3,755,210 sq km), it is mostly a dry and mountainous nation with plains and some forests near the coasts and deserts and mountains in the interior. Guršaun is the capital and largest city. The population is nearly 55 million, composed almost entirely of ethnic Terranilians, except for a small Póniepan and Malgan minority. The country is mostly atheist but has significant Muslim and Christian populations.
Terranihil is a unitary republic consisting of 40 governorates and is the only government that practices Virátism, based on the ideology of Žep Virát, the first chairman of the National Progressive Party (NPP). The NPP is the only legal party, exercising complete control over the government and military. The party espouses ethnic Terranilian nationalism and strict atheism.
The eastern shore of Terranihil was once part of the Ayreoshubic Kingdom. The kingdom collapsed about 4000 years ago, causing several tribes to migrate west into unsettled lands and establish small city-states. The city-states remained divided despite sharing a common language, culture and religion, until the spread of Christianity. The Christian Kingdom of Greater Guršaun was founded in 714 AD when many eastern tribes united because of their new Christian faith. Pagans still outnumbered Christians, and in 792, several pagan tribes united into the Kingdom of Hinchivozh. Then in 884, the Avergísian Emirate was established after the spread of Islam. These three countries were at constant hostility, with none of them achieving significant gains against the others until the rise of Emir Ghor. Ghor led the Emirate in conquering Greater Guršaun and Hinchivozh in 1024, establishing the Terranilian Emirate.
Under the Terranilian Emirate, Islam spread to about half the population, while many remained Christian or Pagan. In 1160, the Emirate was overthrown by neopagans, beginning the Kingdom of Terranihil. The new rulers were oppresive to the Muslims and Christians at first, but their harshness dwindled over time. An Age of Knowledge occurred from 1450 to 1650, leading to the spread of new philosophical and political theories. The kingdom was reformed into a constitutional monarchy in 1609. Then the Republic of Terranihil replaced the Kingdom in 1890 after the Terranilian Civil War.
The NPP began its rise to power in the 1920s and gained complete control of the government in the Progressive Revolution in 1941. The party has persecuted Muslims and Christians, whose populations have decreased significantly. Dreichren Ermák has been serving as the 7th Chairman and 16th President of Terranihil since 2009.
- 1 Etymology
- 2 History
- 2.1 Ancient history
- 2.2 Spread of Christianity
- 2.3 Spread of Islam
- 2.4 Rise and fall of the Terranilian Emirate
- 2.5 Kingdom of Terranihil
- 2.6 Republic of Terranihil
- 2.7 Twenty first century
- 3 Geography
- 4 Demographics
- 5 Government and politics
- 6 Economy
- 7 Culture
- 8 Other Articles
- 9 Need Links
Teraníl most likely originates from the Old Terranilian words teza meaning refuge and ni'il meaning flat. The words then evolved into tera and níl. Combined, Teraníl means flat refuge, referring to the small expanse of plains near the city of Tolongen. The area may have served as a refuge from Mount Živaž, an active volcano near Tolongen, as well as from the dry Andaluzian Mountains. Terranihil is the anglicized version.
- Main article: Ancient history of Terranihil
Civilization in Terranihil began with the Ayreoshubic Kingdom (Terranilian: Piolgen Ariožubes). Much of eastern modern-day Terranihil was part of the Kingdom. Guršaun, then called Arcaviusia, and Typhoeusia (Terranilian: Teifousia) were once the capitals of the kingdom at different times. The inhabitants were ethnically, linguistically and religiously homogenous, speaking ancient Ayreoshubic and practicing Ayreoshubic paganism. In 2500 BC, the kingdom collapsed, leading to a mass migration of humans across the continent. Several tribes traveled west, deeper into the dry and harsh mountains and mixed with the western Terranilian tribes, while some continued living in the east. The Kingdom of Alaqa succeeded the Ayreoshubic Kingdom in the south and survived until 1700 BC.
The Arcavius dynasty, the ruling family of the Ayreoshubic Kingdom from 2900 BC to 2600 BC, remained in Arcaviusia and, after the fall of Alaqa, established the Kingdom of Guršaun. The kingdom survived intil 900 BC, making it the longest lasting nation to ever exist on Terranilian land after the Ayreoshubic Kingdom. Many of the tribes that traveled west settled at water basins, and some reached the western shore. These tribes took with them their culture, pagan relgion, and language, which later evolved into Old Terranilian.
The small settlements grew into city-states that traded and occasionally warred with their neighbors. The type of government that city-states had varied from absolute monarchies to republics to direct democracies, but generally each city-state was dominated by a few tribes or houses.
The Kingdom of Guršaun's lengthy existence was a unique case compared to most Terranilian city-states, which collapsed or were conquered by other city-states relatively frequently. A few other long-lasting city-states include Avergís (2900-2250 BC) and Tolongen (1400-950 BC). Uniting the Terranilian tribes was impossible at that time because of the harsh geography and tribal conflict. Hundreds of other small states rose and fell in the 2800 years between the fall of the Ayreoshubic Kingdom and the spread of Christianity, but several cities survived until today such as Guršaun, Avergís and Tolongen.
Spread of Christianity
Jesus Christ (Terranilian: Iza) was born in 7 AD in Isa'bad, which is in modern-day Greater Sacramento. Terranihil was still heavily divided and would remain that way for another seven centuries. Christianity first spread to the eastern coast where the terrain was much more forgiving than the inlands, which is why the religion was slow to spread to central Terranilian city-states.Christian missionaries reached the Republic of Guršaun, the succesor to the Kingdom of Guršaun, in the mid 4th century AD and were most likely killed or exiled by the pagans. However soon the populace began accepting the new religion, and it spread wider than just Guršaun. New Terranilian Christians often retained many beliefs and practices from their pagan religion, which led to a unique demonition of Christianity known as Guršauni Christianity.
The king of Guršaun coverted in 512 and declared Christianity the official religion. Enforcement was not strict because of the many pagans who still remained. By about two ceturies later, most Terranilians in the east had become Christian, and the King of Guršaun began a campaign to unite the Christian people of Terranihil.
He conquered many neighboring city-states, while some peacefully joined him. In 714, he declared the creation of the Chrisitan Kingdom of Greater Guršaun (Terranilian: Piolgen Izáreth er Guršaun Aránt). The kingdom continued to fight against pagans and spread the gospel.
The threat of this united Christian kingdom panicked many city-states in central Terranihil. Many wanted to unite as well in the face of this new enemy. Tolongen took the lead in trying to create a unified pagan kingdom, and in 792, the Kingdom of Hinchivozh was formed when several pagan city-states agreed to unite. The two kingdoms were constantly at war, with neither gaining significant victories against the other. Greater Guršaun was more unified but had the geographical disadvantage; Hinchivozh used the mountainous terrain for defense against the eastern invaders.
Spread of Islam
In 571 AD the Prophet Muhammad was born in Mecca in modern-day Greater Sacramento. The Christian Kingdom of Greater Guršaun, located in eastern Terranihil, and the pagan Kingdom of Hinchivozh in central Terranihil continued to fight for supremacy over the land and for the destruction of the opponent religion. The continuous battles are known as the Bari Wars because most of the battles happened in the Bari Valley which connected the two kingdoms.
Alhaz Islam reached Terranihil from the Andaz Caliphate in the 7th century. Islam spread to Terranihil faster than Christianity because trade routes were more established in the time of the Prophet Muhammad than when Christianity was still starting to spread. The new religion was not received well by the Christians in Guršaun, but it made significant conversions in Avergís (an independent pagan city at the time) and western Terranihil. Islam had a speedy impact on the west; however, it did not spread much to the pagans near the massive Andaluzian Mountains in central Terranihil.
Most of the Avergísian population converted to Islam, and eventually the Avergísian Emirate was established in 884 AD. The new emirate was one of the first Muslim nations in the world. It quickly began conquering surrounding city-states and preaching Islam. It was successful in capturing most of the land up to the border of the Kingdom of Hinchivozh.
The Avergísian Emirate, Kingdom of Hinchivozh, and Kingdom of Guršaun were at constant war for more than 140 years; this period became known as the Era of the Warring Kingdoms. The Emirate and Guršaun attacked Hinchivozh from the west and east; because of its need to defend two fronts at once, Hinchivozh became the weaker kingdom. The only recorded instance of Guršauni and Avergísian troops meeting in battle was the Battle of Senneskan Sud where all three armies fought each other.
The Andlauzian mountains were sparcely populated by Póniepans, an ethnolinguistic group closely related to Terranilians, who practiced a varied form of Ayreoshubic paganism called Atrienism. The Póniepans were not united into a single kingdom, but rather had small towns throughout the rough terrain. The Póniepans did not participate in the wars; however some were killed by the Avergísian Emirate and the Kingdom of Guršaun.
Rise and fall of the Terranilian Emirate
Conquests of Emir Ghor
- Main article: Terranilian Emirate
Emir Ghor inherited the throne to the Avergísian Emirate in 1020 and immediatly began reforming the military. He was described as a strong leader, fierce warrior and skilled military strategist.
Ghor's goal was to bring an end to the constant warfare against the Kingdom of Hinchivozh. He knew that if he conquered Hinchivozh then the Guršaunis would crusade against Islam, so he sought to conquer both kingdoms. Unlike previous Emirs, spreading Islam was not a main priority; he was a devout Muslim but primarily wanted peace and prosperity.
Ghor invaded Hinchivozh in March of 1021 in what became known as the Ghorian Wars. Ghor conquered the failing Kingdom in thirteen months, something previous leaders failed to do for more than a century. He then attacked the Kingdom of Guršaun, which surrendered in July of 1024. Ghor renamed his nation the Terranilian Emirate to encompass the entirity of his conquered lands. The Emirate also conquered much of the Póniepan populated southern mountains.
Ghor implemented many aspects of Alahaz Islam into government. Christians and pagans simply had to pay Jizya, a tax on non-Muslims. There were several Chrisitan and pagan uprisings throughout the Emirate's history, however most non-Muslims were content with the government. The administrative divisions were allowed significant autonomy in order to cater to the needs of the religiously diverse people. The Terranilian Emirate saw peace and prosperity as Emir Ghor hoped.
Second Warring Era
- Main article: Second Era of the Warring Kingdoms
In 1160, after 133 years under the unified Terranilian emirate, a coalition of neo-pagan governors led by Camár I of House Ramílon announced their secession and formation of the Kingdom of Terranihil, which included the Póniepan lands. This led to a second era of war between three kingdoms. Several Christian governors in eastern Terranihil also declared the formation of the Second Kingdom of Greater Guršaun. The Emirate attempted to maintain unity and mobilized its troops against the two kingdoms. After six years, the Terranilian Emirate ceased its attempts at unification.
Despite the significant decrease in battles fought after the Emirate gave up on unification, no treaties were signed, so several conflicts occurred among the three kingdoms. Unlike the first Era of the Warring Kingdoms, the pagan Kingdom of Terranihil was the superior nation. The Terranilian Emirate had suffered major losses in the civil war, and many Muslims began to lose faith in their now bankrupt Emir. The Christian Kingdom of Greater Guršaun had a much smaller population and size than the Kingdom of Terranihil.
Kingdom of Terranihil
- Main article: Kingdom of Terranihil
Unified Kingdom of Terranihil
Devraif the Great, the king of Terranihil in August of 1257, began the Devraifian Wars. He first invaded the Kingdom of Guršaun and eventually conquered it in February 1259. He then invaded the Terranilian Emirate in December of 1259 and took Avergís in November of 1262, toppling the 378 year old government (if counted from the establishment of the Avergísian Emirate). Ramílon had once again unified Terranihil.
The Kingdom was oppressive against Muslims and Christians, killing thousands throughout its existence. The Guršaun Massacres in 1291-1308 killed a significant portion of the Guršauni Christian population and began the de-Christianization of Guršaun. Most Christians were killed or removed from Guršaun by the start of the 15th century. However the harshness of the kingdom against Muslims and Christians decreased over time, especially with the rule of Seidert the Benevolent from 1389 to 1420, who attempted to solve religious conflicts.
The rule of House Ramílon ended in 1457 when Krastpaan I of House Ongeda'et, a Póniepan family, inherited the throne. Their rule only lasted three generations. In 1512, Krastpaan II abdicated to his cousin Inkólt of House Cutthor. This event began the movement away from absolute monarchy. The Cutthors were generally less religious than the Ramílons and Ongeda'ets, and they grew more cooperative with those who called for limitations on the monarchy's power.
The Age of Knowledge, which occured roughly between 1450 to 1650, was a time when many new scientific discoveries were made and new philosophical ideas spread. The pagans, who had been losing religiousness over the years, began a quick transition to atheism. In 1627, King Devraif VII officially became atheist, and nearly all pagans had become atheists by 1850, except for the Póniepans. The Christian and Muslim populations generally remained religious. Some of the most influencial philosophers such as Polsien Hétkendol made a lasting impact on modern Terranilian culture and politics.
In 1609, a group of lords and advisors wrote the Constitution of the Kingdom of Terranihil that would establish a parliament and limit the monarch's power. They presented the constitution to King Inkólt III, who heavily criticized it. After several changes to the constitution to appease Inkólt III, he accepted the constitution, and the Kingdom of Terranihil became a constitutional monarchy.
The Kingdom became increasingly decentralized. The Muslim populated south-west, Christian populated north-east and Póniepan populated southern mountains were allowed much autonomy. The Póniepans, which had been a scattered people, developed a common identity and formed the Póniepan Solidarity Party. Terranihil had twenty-six administrative divisions, including Póniepa, which was allowed to have its own army.
Political partties were legalized in 1705. The main political parties in the parliament were the Traditionalist Party, which wanted to maintain the King's power, and the Republican Party, which wanted to increase the parliament's power. The Traditionalists were mostly atheists, while the Republicans were mostly Muslim and Christians, but both parties tried to appeal to all demographics. There were multiple smaller religious parties but they did not garner much support.
In 1799, after 287 years of Cutthor rule, the throne passed to Zatšerdiem III of House Rintiep. Zatšerdiem III was hated by the peasant populace for his lavish and wasteful lifestyle. The poor of the country grew agitated because of the increase in taxes and concentration of wealth in noble hands. Several peasant revolts happened throughout Zatšerdiem III and his successor's rule but were rapidly suppressed.
The Republican Party began pushing for more restrictions on the monarchy's power; many Republicans secretly wanted to overthrow the monarchy and establish a republic. The Democratic Party was a minor party, founded in 1803, that was considered radical for its proposed reforms on the monarchy's power. In 1858, King Zatšerdiem IV, the grandson of Zatšerdiem III, declared the Democratic Party to be a treasonous group for plotting the overthrowal of the monarchy and arrested and executed much of its membership. Zatšerdiem IV also arrested and executed several Republicans who he suspected of conspiring against him. This brutality against his opposition and growing poverty prompted more rebellions.
- Main article: Terranilian Civil War
The Republican Party planned began planning a rebellion in 1878. Several governors, mostly on the east, agreed to join the rebellion In February 29 1879, Eiluiv Kieker, governor of Intemil, declared the start of the rebellion against King Devraif X to establish the Republic of Terranihil. This began the Terranilian Civil War.
Several Republican and Muslim governors in eastern Terranihil supported Kieker. They raised an army and began marching west. Jibril Uchifrais, the Traditionalist governor of Hégeis, also joined the rebellion; however Devraif X's forces easily defended against Uchifrais and put Hégeis under the monarchy's control. The Republican Army met Devraif X's forces in the Battle of Seirfis in March 24, 1879. The Republican Army won a surprising victory, pushing back the King's army. The two armies met again, farther west, in the Battle of Cutdever August 19, 1879. The King's army was stronger then the Republican Army; however, the governor of Póniepa sent the Póniepan Armed Forces to assist the Republicans, officially joining the rebellion. The help of the Póniepans brought the Republicans victory at Cutdever.
The Republicans fought their way towards Guršaun. A few Traditionalist Governors joined the Republicans as well. Another rebellion occurred in Hégeis in March 2nd, 1890. This time the rebels were able to push the King's forces out of the city. Then on September 4, 1890, the Republican Army began the Siege of Guršaun, which lasted until December 1st. The Republicans arrested King Devraif X and declared the establishment of the Republic of Terranihil in December 2nd, 1890.
Republic of Terranihil
The provisional government immediately began reforming the government. Many loyalists were arrested alongside the king, and the Traditionalist Party was disbanded. The provisional government wrote the Constitution of the Republic and held an election for President Kieker was the only candidate who ran and won, becoming the first President of Terranihil in December 16th, 1890.
The new constitution created forty governorates and split up the previously unicameral parliament into two houses: the upper House of Deputies and the lower House of Representatives. Many of the remaining members of the Traditionalist Party formed the Conservative Party. The country saw the existence of several minor parties, some originating from the Kingdom of Terranihil like the Póniepan Solidarity Party and Muslim Party, or new parties like the Terranilian People's Party and the Secularist Party.
Kieker served the maximum of two four year terms for a total of eight years as president. He died three years after leaving office. His portrait was put on the one reden note, and a memorial was built for him in Guršaun. Piobán Ázedon of the Conservative Party, which pushed for more secularist policies and more power for the executive, won the second presidential election. The third president was Muamet Melaig, the first Muslim president. In 1912, Samarán Heimár, the fourth president, was assassinated halfway through his second term by Cažeše (Anarchist Battalion). His vice president Armi Ilaor became president and won a second term in 1918. Mariam Jon of the Conservative Party became the first female president in 1926, and Egedzak Stebo of the Republican Party became the first Póniepan president in 1934.
Rise of the NPP
- Main article: National Progressive Party
On January 4th, 1923, Žep Virát, a journalist and ex-member of the Secularist Party, founded the National Progressive Party (NPP). Virát, a nationalist and totalitarian, had grown discontent with the Secularists who were mostly focused on atheism. Several Secularists also left and joined his new party. Virát also started Progress magazine, which helped promote the party's ideology.
The party campaigned for the 1924 midterm elections with Virát and other Progressives running for the House of Representatives and local government positions. Virát was the only Progressive to win a seat in the House of Representatives. During his term he pushed for laws that favored Terranilian atheists over Muslims, Christians and ethnic minorities.
In October of 1926, several Secularist Party leaders were arrested for corruption. The party began to fall apart as a power struggle for leadership ensued. Most of the Secularist Party's members left for the NPP, including Governor Hesa Rintiep of Arožuegen. Rintiep, a descendent of the Rintiep royal family, appointed Virát and Omar Lornif, a friend of Virát's within the party, as deputy governors in 1928 to serve in the House of Deputies. The NPP also won then seats in the House of Representatives 1928 midterm elections.
In the 1930 presidential election, Virát ran for president. He knew that he and his party did not have enough support to win but wanted to make his name more well known regardless. After elections, Conservative Mariam Jon recieved 40% of votes and won the presidency, while Virát won 6% of votes. The NPP began a propaganda campaign against Jon mainly through Progress. Virát was arrested on June 22, 1931 for defamation against President Jon and sedition against the Republic. However he famously defended himself in court and was found not guilty. The incident significantly increased Virát and the NPP's popularity among voters, making it the third largest party.
Virát and Lorniff were both elected Governors in the 1932 midterms, along with two other members of the NPP, and each appointed two deputies so that the House of Deputies had a total of eight Progressives. The NPP also one twenty-five seats in the House of Representatives. Virát ran for president again in the 1934 presidential election, gaining 22% of votes, but losing to Republican Egedzak Stebo, a Póniepan.
The scandal involving Simvain Cuth, the Conservative Speaker of the House of Representatives, in which he was accused of corruption and having sexual relations with a minor, erupted in 1935. The NPP and Virát were very outspoken against Cuth. This allowed the NPP to make significant gains in the 1936 midterm election, in which they won 56 seats in the House of Representatives and 20 seats in the House of Deputies. The NPP had become a major threat to the Conservative and Republican parties.
In October of 1937, the Fourth Póniepan Rebellion began and lasted until June of 1938. President Stebo, a Póniepan himself, refused to take strong action against the rebels until April of 1938. This caused a rift in the Republican Party; many Republicans who had supported Stebo in 1934 had lost hope in him. He had also lost support from the Póniepan Solidarity Party. Virát, for a third time, ran for President in the 1938 presidential election. He recieved 31% of votes and won the election.
- Main article: Progressive Revolution
Virát attempted to pass laws that would benefit atheists and increase the power of the president. However, both houses of Parliament were controlled by Republicans who tried blocking Virát's bills and executive orders. Terranilian nationalism and the NPP continued to grow in popularity. The NPP used the attack on Virát's residence and the possible involvement of Conservatives in the attack as a way to destabalize the Conservative Party even further. Virát also worked to build up the armed forces.
The 1940 midterm election, known as the Final Election, solidified the NPP's power on the government. The NPP won pluralities in both houses of the Parliament. On December 31st, 1940, at 9 PM, the NPP, with support from most of the Terranilian Armed Forces, began the Progressive Revolution, in which the Progressives attempted to gain complete control of the government and eliminate any opposition. Virát declared a state of emergency which allowed him more executive powers. Guršaun was taken that night. Fighting in major cities throughout Terranihil, including Avergís and Hégeis.
Some defectors from the armed forces organized into the New Republican Army in an attempt to restore democracy. However they were defeated by the stronger and better organized forces of the NPP on January 20th, 1941. About 26,000 were killed. The Progressive Guard, the NPP's paramilitary force carried out attacks on opposition, killing government officials, journalists and previous presidents Stebo and Thezmar. The revolution had led to the complete domination of Virát and the NPP over Terranihil.
The constitution was amended by parliament to abolish term length limits. Parliamentary and local elections were kept, however only approved members of the NPP ran for office. The Progressive Guard was maintained as the special police of the Chairman and NPP. Muslims and Christians were expelled from Guršaun. Póniepa remained neutral in the conflict and was allowed to keep its autonomy after the revolution. Government issued propaganda was widely spread, compulsory military service was reinacted, and religious rights were diminished.
Virát remained in power until his death on May 25, 1954. He was given the largest funeral in Terranilian history. Succession for the Chairman position was not explicitly outlined in any form. Virát's right-hand man, Deputy Chairman Omar Lornif, took over. This set a precendent of the Deputy Chairman succeeding the Chairman.
The Etlan insurgency was a left-wing armed movement in Etla that lasted from 1944 to 1956. The NPP's rise to power polarized Terranilian politics, and communist and anarchist ideologies became more popular, especially in Etla, which was historically a strong Republican governorate. The conflict began with low level guerilla warfare, sabatoge and underground press. The Terranilian government responded to the left-wing revolutionaries with harsh punishments and violence, which escalated the conflict.
Several organized communist and anarchist groups arose to combat the government, including the Black Militia, led by Rami Lukas, and the Militant Socialist Revolutionaries, led by Aden Seston. Many Christians and Muslims also joined the insurgency, forming groups such as the Militant Christian Socialists. Many insurgents wanted to restore the democratic process before the Progressive Revolution; however, a strong secessionist movement began in Etla. In 1952, several insurgent groups united into the Free Territory of Etla and gained control of the region. They declared that Etla was an anarchist stateless society. Radicals from surrounding governorates joined the insurgency as well.
The Terranilian government responded by deploying the army. Etla had amassed over 40,000 men and women to fight against Terranihil. The free territory lasted 71 days, until the Terranilian army succeeded in recapturing Etla in the Battle of Torsán Vivers. Insurgent activity after the battle mostly disappeared; however, the New Socialist Front, which succeeded the Free Territory, still remains active in Etla today.
The Troubles are an ongoing conflict in Terranihil, which began in 1960. The assassination of Omar Lornif, the second Chairman and Virát's right-hand man, by a radical Muslim caused uproar among atheists and the NPP. The Terranilian government responded by arresting and executing about 200 Muslims who were supposedly involved in the assassination. The government increased restrictions on places of worship and religious attire in public of both Muslims and Christians. Furthermore, in the month following the assassinatioan, an estimated 70 Muslims and 11 Christians were killed by atheist protestors seeking retribution.
This caused Muslims in Avergís and Christians in Hégeis to protest and riot. When protests were put down with force, killing dozens, several terrorists organizations formed, including the Christian Liberation Front (CLF) and the Brotherhood of Allah. The CLF carried out several attacks from 1960 to 1962, killing about 55 people; however the group collapsed when its leaders were arrested in March of 1962. The Free Christian Army (FCA) formed from the CLF's remnants, which was much more successful in recruiting and carrying out attacks.
The Brotherhood of Allah, a radical Islamic group, existed from 1960 to 1979 and killed about 370 people. In 1969, the Brotherhood of Allah attempted to sieze control of Avergís, a Muslim majority city and the third largest city in Terranihil. They captured the capitol building and held twenty eight people hostage. The polce was only able to save two of the hostages. The Brotherhood of Allah insurgents were all either killed on scene or executed later. The group dissolved in 1971; several of its members formed the short lived Militia of Allah which survived from 1972 to 1976. Then the Alhaz Freedom Fighters formed in 1977 and still operatets today.
In May of 1979, Terranilian police opened fire on Christian protestors in Hégeis, killing seventy four people, in what was named the Hégeis Massacre. In response to the Free Christian Army launched an attack on Hégeis. They were successful in capturing Hégeis, the fifth largest city in Terranihil. They maintained control of the city for 78 hours, until the Terranilian Armed Forces recaptured the city. FCA activity decreased afterwards.
The Vigilant Atheists, formed in 1991, is an atheist death squad that targets Muslims, Christians and Malgans. The Terranilian goverment has been accused of supporting the group. Several other groups have appeared throughout the conflict including the Democratic Forces for the Liberation of Terranihil and the New Socialist Front.
Twenty first century
As Terranihil increased in technological advancement, the Terranilian government implemented new methods of surveillance and censorship through cellphones and the internet. The Department of Internal Security (DIS) formed the Department of Telecommunications and Information (DTI) to moniter phonecalls, messages and online activity of Terranilian citizens. The DTI is also responsible for blocking websites deemed detrimental to the populace.
The Silent Coup
- Main article: The Silent Coup
In 2006, Jon Krizhor became the sixth chairman and fifteenth president after Žiel Igevin died. Krizhor was Igevin's deputy chairman, so his succession was expected. Dreichren Ermák, the Director of Internal Security at the time, was also a strong candidate for the position, but Krizhor had the support of most of the National Progressive Party. Krizhor was liked as president by the NPP and general populace from the beginning of his regime until early 2009. Krizhor began removing military officers and department leaders because of personal resentment towards them in February and March of 2009.
Much of the NPP secretely turned against Krizhor for his impulsive removals of high ranking party members. Ermák and several other members of the NPP, including Director of External Security Remlaun Voktiep, began meeting in secret to plan the removal of Krizhor. The conpirators gained support from the military.
On April 7th, 2009, Ermák and his supporters initiated a coup d'état. The divisions of the Progressive Guard who supported Ermák, agents of the DIS and DES, and special forces units from the army carried out raids in which they captured and killed Krizhor, his deputy Themsor, and other pro-Krizhor party members. It became known as the Silent Coup because the conflict happened almost unbeknownst to the public. About 1,000 people were killed. Dreichren Ermák succeeded in becoming the chairman of the country.
- Main article: Foreign relations of Terranihil
Chairman Ermák significantly increased Terranihil's influence in world affairs. He worked with Stëphaän Bolduc, the Prime Minister of Willdavie to established the Terraconserva Economic Union (TEU). Ermák also became allies with Grand Admiral Alyosha Karamazov, the leader of Morova; Morova was admitted into the TEU but was ejected only twenty seven days later for its internal conflict with Zion and Joshua Graham. Terranihil still maintains friendly relations with the nation; however they have been strained by recent events regarding the Sinking of The Lady Kieva and weapons embargoes on Morova. Ermák established alliances with Quebecshire and Rakeo, all of which are TEU members, as well as with Karimun and New Gandor, a member of Aurebeshia. Terranihil actively supports the Rally for Lyoan Democracy in the Second Lyoan Civil War.
Malgan ethnic cleansing and continued conflicts
- Main article: Malgan ethnic cleansing
The Troubles continued into the twenty first century. The most significant attack was the February Seven Attack on Guršaun in 2020, in which the Free Christian Army killed 169 people and injured more than 700 others. Several of the FCA operatives were Malgan, and Terranihil had already accused Malgax of funding the FCA. This triggered a drastic response from the Terranilian government, specifically the Department of Internal Security.
The so called Stability Order was issued on February 9, 2020, which ordered the establishment of the Department for the Re-education of the Religiously and Politically Disturbed (DRRPD), ordered the construction of several facilities to hold the "religiously and politically disturbed", and ordered the relocation of all people of Malgan heritage within Terranihil to these facilities.
Currently 150,000 Malgans have been removed from the their homes and sent to one of the eight facilities. Brutal killings during the removal process have been reported by refugees; however it is unclear what occurs within the facilities. The DRRPD stated that the Malgans were not being exterminated; propaganda issued by the department depicted the facilities as safe, peaceful camps to reeducate Malgans and others. The phrase "Malgan Vacation" has spread throughout Terranihil to describe the campaign.
Terranihil has an area of 1,449,894 sq mi (3,755,210 sq km). It lies between latitudes 5° and 20°. It is bordered to the north by Malgax, to the south by Greater Sacramento, to the west by the Andaluzian Sea, and the west by the Caelean Sea. Terranihil consistts of the Terranilian Plateu, except for the coasts and Andaluzian Mountains. It is one of the most mountainous countries in the world. The tallest volcano in the world, Mount Živaž, is part of this mountain range.
The eastern coast and north western coast are covered in forest. The south is dominated by Merfát mountains. Northern and central Terranihil is mostly semi-arid desert, except for the Terranilian Plains and small patches of forest north of the mountains. There are two main low lying deserts, the Sossosa Desert in the west and the Pirás Desert in the north.
Terranihil has a diverse climate, ranging from arid to semi-arid to subtropical. The eastern and north western coasts have temperate yearly temperatures and recieve an average of about 1800 mm per year. The semi-arid inland experiences hot summers and severe winters with some parts recieving snowfall. Temperatures can shift more than 20 °C (36 °F) from day to night in the semi-arid regions. The arid deserts are hot year round with scarce rainfall. Temperatures in the deserts can reach up to 46 °C (115 °F), and precipitation averages about 50 mm per year. Water scarcity is a major problem in the inland regions of Terranihil. The southern mountains are alpine tundra; they have severe winters and dryness, as well as snowfall.
The wildlife of Terranihil is composed of several species, inculding lynxes, bears, cheetahs, wolves, foxes, panthers, gazelles, pigs, camels, hawks and falcons. Terranihil has one of the largest leopard species in the world. The Andaluzian Tiger, which was the national animal of Terranihil before the Progressive Revolution, is beleived to be extinct; populations began dwindling in the late 19th century and early 20th century. The last sighting of an Andaluzian Tiger was in 1996. Terranihil has over 120 endangered species. Poaching of leapords, wolves, panthers and other large animals is common. The Terranilian government has implemented regulations to prevent the destruction of ecosystems and wildlife species. Poaching may be punishable by death.
Terranihil's population is about 54.98 million. The nation's population has been growing since the late 20th century because of a high birth rate; however, mass emmigration has slowed down the growth. The growth rate of 2018 was 1.20%. The estimated population in 2050 is 75 million.
Terranihil is one of the largest sources of refugees in the world. About 1.6 million Terranilians (mostly Muslim) have left Terranihil since 1940, 90% of which entered Greater Sacramento. The Terranilian government has deported about 220,000 Malgans, mostly to Malgax, since February in the Malgan ethnic cleansing.
The Terranilian government stated it does not consider the emmigration of Muslim and Christian Terranilians to be a loss.
Terranihil consists almost entirely of ethnic Terranilians, who make up 94.16% of the population. Terranilians are descendent from the ancient Ayreoshubes. They dominate the nation's politics and military. About 900,000 Terranilians have immigrated to Greater Sacramento since 1940.
Póniepans are the second largest ethnic group in Terranihil, making up about 4.55% of the population. The population of 2.5 million Póniepans is concentrated in the semi-autonomous governorate of Póniepa. Póniepans are closely related to Terranilians and experience much less discrimination than other minority ethnicities. Póniepans are allowed full rights as citizens and members of the National Progressive Party. Póniepans and Terranilians originated from a common ancestral group called ancient Terranilians. Póniepans evolved a similar but distinct langauge and maintained the pagan religion and tradition of the ancients.
In 2018, about 440,000 Malgans lived in Terranihil, making up about about 0.79% of the population; however, because of the ethnic cleasing, the current number is estimated to be about 200,000. The population was concentrated in Kristgen. Ethnic Malgans in Terranihil likely originated from immigrants to the Second Kingdom of Greater Guršaun in the 19th century who established communities in Kristgen and Hégeis. They became a target of discrimination after the rise of the NPP in 1940.
154,000 Shazaqanites live in Terranihil, mostly in Áten, making up about 0.83% of the population and the fourth largest ethnic group. An estimated 6,000 people of other ethnic backgrounds live in Terranihil, most of which are Willdavieans.
Terranilian is the official and dominant language of Terranihil. Póniepan is a recognized language and is the dominant language of Póniepa; Póniepan is taught as a second language in some Terranilian schools. Malgan and Shazaqanic are spoken by Malgans and Shazaqanites, respectively; however, schools are not allowed to instruct in any language other than Terranilian.
Terranihil is officially an atheist state. Atheists make up almost 70% of the population and completely dominate the nation's politics. Although religion is legal, the NPP places heavy restrictions on religious practice and persecutes Muslims and Christians. Schools often teach about the falsity of religion. Muslims and Christians are de facto barred from politics.
Atrienism, a pagan religion, was once the dominant religion of Terranihil; however, the Age of Knowledge in the 15th and 16th centuries led to the loss of faith of many pagans. Although Terranilians kept the values of their pagan ancestors, most pagans became atheists by the 20th century. Póniepans have retained their pagan faith and are the last remaining practitioners of Atrienism. Atriens are generally not persecuted by the NPP and are allowed safe practice by the semi-autonomous Póniepan government.
Alhaz Muslims are the largest religious group in Terranihil, making up about 17% of the population. Most Alhazis live in western Terranihil, where the religion first spread in the 7th century. The Shazaqanites in Terranihil mainly practice Ayyad Islam. Muslims in Terranihil face heavy discrimination from atheists and the government.
Guršauni Christianity is the second largest religious group with about 3.9 million practitioners, about 7% of the population. They mostly live in eastern Terranihil in Melkek and Kristgen. Despite the name, most Guršauni Christians do not live in Guršaun; the denomination originated in Guršaun, but the de-Christianization of Guršaun in the 14th century pushed the denomination out of the city. Malgans in Terranihil still practice Malgan Christianity, the dominant religion of Malgax. Christians also face discrimination and persecution.
Largest cities or towns in Terranihil
Government and politics
The Terranilian government is based on the 1890 Constitution; the popularly elected president and their cabinet acts as the executive, while the bicameral parliament is the legislative. This system was upheld from its establishment in 1890 until the Progressive Revolution in 1941. After the revolution, the National Progressive Party gained complete control of the nation, and the chairman of the party was given unregulated authority over the government. The constitution has been amended several times to suit the demands of the party and chairman.
The Chairman of the National Progressive Party is also the President of Terranihil. Although the office of president was kept in check by the legislative and judicial branches before 1941, after the revolution, the president and chairman was allowed unregulated authority. The chairman's word is considered law. Those who defy or question the chairman are often removed from office, imprisoned, exiled or executed. The constitution originally dictated that the president could serve a maximum of two terms of four years each; however, the parliament under Žep Virát amended the constitution to abolish term limits. Succession for the chairman position is not clearly outlined by any document. Generally, when the chairman dies, a power struggle ensues in which the party member with the most influence and support rises to the position. Usually the new chairman is the previous deputy chairman, but that is not the rule. The successions are usually accompanied by purges of government officials by the new ruling administration.
- Main article: Political parties in Terranihil
There were multiple political parties before 1941. Several parties, such as the Republican Party or the Póniepan Solidarity Party, were formed during the constitutional monarchy of the Kingdom of Terranihil and continued into the republic after the Terranilian Civil War. Many new parties formed after the war, including the Conservative Party and Secularist Party. After the Progressive Revolution, all parties other than the NPP were strictly banned. The NPP remains the singular legal party in Terranihil, and today has a membership of over five million. Anyone who wishes to serve in the government must be a party member.
The Parliament serves as the legislature of Terranihil. It has two houses: the upper House of Deputies and the lower House of Representatives. Each popularly elected governor of a governorate chooses two deputies for the upper house, while the representatives are elected directly by the populace. The Parliament is supposed to keep the president and judiciary in check, having the power of impeachment of both the president and judges.
However, the Progressive Revolution effectively made the parliament a rubber stamp for the decisions of the chairman. Since 1941, parliament has convened an average of twice a year and passed an average of one law a year. Because of its unanimous support for all decisions made by the chairman, it has been mockingly referred to as "the most expensive singing club in Terranihil" due to the frequent singing of the national anthem during meetings.
The departments of the Terranilian government are the principal units of the executive branch. The executive departments are the administrative arms of the President of Terranihil. There are currently twelve departments, and each department has subdepartments. At the head of each Department is a Director. The most prominent department in Terranilian politics is the Department of Interal Security (DIS), which is responsible for public security; the Director of Internal Security is considered third in command after the Chairman and Deputy Chairman.
Terranihil is divided into forty governorates, which are led by an elected governor or governess. Governorates have government similar to that of the federal government, with a parliament and court. Guršaun is a special governorate, because it is directly under the federal government's jurisdiction; rather than a governor appointing two deputies for the House of Deputies, the president chooses the so-called presidential deputies. Póniepa is also a special governorate that is allowed extra autonomy; it participates in the parliamentary system just as the other governorates but maintains different laws and a military. The governorates are further divided into 230 counties.
The Terranilian police and other law enforcement agencies maintain strict law and order in Terranihil. Capital punishment is a common sentence for violent or sexual crimes, such as murder or rape. However, there are many reports of the police carrying out extrajudicial executions. After the Progressive Revolution, the chairman was able to pass laws without the need of parliamentary or judicial approval. Although governorates and counties do pass local laws, federal law is considered supreme.
Controversial laws in Terranihil include: the legality of abortion in most cases; the restriction of firearm ownership to police, military and government officials; the legality of marijuana for recreational although uncommon; the legality of psilocybin mushrooms and their common use; the illegality of wearing religious garb on government property such as schools and courthouses; and the Stability Order.
Crime in Terranihil does not include the rampant insurgent activity of The Troubles. The Kortan Yem, or Terranilian mafia, is a major concern in Terranihil. It is responsible for drug, weapons, and human trafficking. The Resistance reportedly pays the Kortan Yem to smuggle Malgans out of Terranihil and into Greater Sacramento. They have also cooperated with Mara Salvatrucha, the Creeperian gang, to traffic cocaine mainly into western Terranihil.
Human rights in Terranihil have severly decreased ever since the Progressive Revolution. The Terranilian government has persecuted religious and ethnic minorities on several occasions, targeting Muslims, Christians and Malgans. Substantial evidence exists accusing the Department of Internal Security of kidnapping political opponents and religious citizens, torture, assassination, and ethnic cleansing. Corruption within the police is common, and the police frequently use exessive force and carry out extrajudicial killings. The Progressive Guard acts as the NPP's secret police and is responsible for executing the party's mandates, such as assassinating political opponents or perpetrating the Malgan ethnic cleansing. The human rights of Malgans has rapidly degraded since August of 2019.
The Terranilian Armed Forces are lead by the president in coordination with the Director of Defense, and are divided into the army, air force and navy. The armed forces consists of about 732,000 active personnel. Several entirely or partially state owned companies, such as Thetázert, Nesterven and Red Kazgarl, produce weapons, vehicles and aircraft for the armed forces. However, much of the military's equipment is imported from allies, including Xusma, New Gandor and Willdavie.
- Main article: Foreign relations of Terranihil
Terranihil is a founding member of the Terraconserva Economic Union. It shares close relations with Willdavie, Quebecshire and Rakeo and has cooperated with New Gandor, and Karimun. Terranihil's relations with Lyoa have deteriorated because of the Democratic Forces for the Liberation of Terranihil and Terranihil's involvement in the Second Lyoan Civil War. Terranihil also has poor relations with Creeperopolis because of historical and modern political disagreements. Terranihil has mixed relations with the nations of Aurebeshia.
The Terranilian government states that it values and prioritizes the environment. The Department of Environmental Protection is responsible for protecting the evirontment. Some production has been regulated to preserve ecosystems; however, oil production is often prioritized over the evironment. There are many national parks in Terranihil. The DEP attempts to protect endangered species; Terranihil voted in favor of TCN Resolution 021 and contributes to the Terraconserva Database of Endangered Animal Species.
Terranihil's economy is a mixture of central planning, state ownership of oil and other large enterprises, village agriculture, and some private companies. Production in Terranihil remains highly socialized. In 2018, GDP was ₡1.11 trillion (19th highest in the world), or ₡20,149 per capita. Terranihil is ranked as an upper-middle income economy. Petroleum is the largest contributor to the economy, followed by agriculture, mining, and textile production.
- Main article Energy in Teranihil
Terranihil has many large oil reserves mainly in the east and operates many onshore and offshire drilling sites. Terranihil is one of the world's largest oil exporters, being the main oil supplier of Willdavie and Rakeo. The government owned Terranilian Oil Corporation holds a monoply on Terranilian oil production. The Terranilian reserves are about one-fifth of the world's total conventional oil reserves. Terranihil closely protects data relating to oil production.
- Main article: Culture of Terranihil
The art of Terranihil encompasses several disciplines, including music, literature, painting, architecture and weaving. Terranilian art shows a great deal of variety throughout different time periods and regions. The oldest pieces of art originate from the Ayreoshubic Kingdom; however, Terranilians developed a unique style after the fall of the kingdom and the tribal migration across the continent. Christianity and Islam heavily influenced artists. The east, during its Christian period, produced several famous mosaics and hymns. The west, during the prominence of the Terranilian Emirate, was influenced by the art and caligraphy of Greater Sacramento. The Kingdom of Terranihil saw the rise of musical composition and literature that remains influencial in modern Terranihil.
- Main article: Music of Terranihil
Knowledge of early Terranilian music has mostly been passed down through tradition. Several harps and drums have been discovered that date back to 800 BC, as well as wind instruments dating back to 600 BC. Other traditional instruments include the qanun, dutar and tompak. Many traditional songs have been preserved. Early Terranilian plays incorporated music and song. After Christianity spread, hymns and chants became popular in Guršaun and the east. Terranilian Alahaz Muslim musicians also created music dedicated to Allah or the prophet Muhammed.
After the reunification of Terranihil under the pagan Kingdom of Terranihil in 1262, traditional pagan music and song was revived and reformed using many new instruments and musical theories. The common-practice period, which began around 1600 and continued until the 20th century, was when tonality and modern composition and theory were developed. This period is further divided into the baroque, classical and romantic periods. The orchestra and instruments like the piano and violen became widespread. Famous Terranilian composers include Polsien Žobán, Kem List, Dolpo Vagnor, Egath Zhorák, Teler Žostavok and Musme Ravél.
Modern Terranilian music includes pop, rock, jazz and hip hop. Classical music remains popular in mainstream music. Modern composers include Fazil Sai and Ramín Zhawad. The Guršaun Philharmonic, established in 1898, is considered the one of the best orchestras in the world.
- Main article: Literature of Terranihil
The earliest literature in Terranihil originates from the Ayreoshubic Kingdom, in which many famous plays and poems were created. Plays and poetry remained popular with the Terranilian tribes and city-states after the fall of the Ayreoshubic Kingdom. Ugabes is a popular poem that originated from the Republic of Guršaun in 3500 BC. The period from the 1st century to the 12th century is mostly characterized by religious literature after the spread of Christianity and Islam. Literature during the Kingdom of Terranihil was influenced by Ayreoshubic and ancient Terranilian art. Aféz and Verdosi are the two most famous Terranilian poets.
Novels became more popular in Terranihil during early modern period (16th and 17th centuries). 18th century literature was greatly influenced by the Age of Knowledge. Jan Gerte was the most famous Terranilian writer of the 18th century. Romanticism dominated the 19th century. Modernist from 1900 to 1940 and Postmodernist literature from 1940 to 1990 became the main literary movements of the 20th century. Kem Kafek, Avkól Nabók and Mikse Kamu are considered the greatest Terranilian writers of the 1900s.
Political literature, both in support and against the Terranilian government, continues to be popular since late 20th century. Salman Ruždi is the most popular living Terranilian author, though he immigrated to Greater Sacramento and has been publically condemned by the National Progressive Party.
- Main article: Painting in Terranihil
Similar to music and literature, the earliest paintings in Terranihil originated from the Ayreoshubic Kingdom. Murals and papyrus illustrations of pagan dieties and myths were popular in pre-Christian times. The spread of the gospel caused a major shift in Terranilian art towards depicting biblical stories in painting. Caligraphy from the Andaz Caliphate spread along with Islam to western Terranihil. The rise of the Kingdom of Terranihil led to a revival of Ayreoshubic and pagan paintings. Reza Abasi and Mir Ali are the most famous classical Terranilian painters.
After the Progressive Revolution and the NPP's rise to power, religious art has become highly discouraged. Paintings in the classical pagan style are encouraged. Nationalist painting has grown to prominence in Terranihil; however, underground art movements that deviate from the NPP's standards are also popular in Terranihil and internationally. Brevést Festápana is the most popular modern Terranilian painter, though denounced by the Terranilian government, who immigrated to Greater Sacramento and was murdered in 2005.
Film making in Terranihil first began in the 1940s with silent films. Most early films were NPP propaganda. A private film industry emerged in the 1950s and 1960s, producing several internationally acclaimed movies. The industry continues to thrive in modern Terranihil, with several actors gaining widespread fame. Several Terranilian expatriates to Willdavie have also gained international fame. Terranilians also frequently watch films produced in Willdavie; Diamant Brut is the most popular foreign produced film in Terranihilian history.
Terranilian cuisine is rich and varied in its ingredients. Terranilian cuisine shares similarities with Arabic and Shazaqanic food in Greater Sacramento. The main dishes that form Terranilian cuisine are kibbeh, hummus, tabbouleh, fattoush, labneh, shawarma, mujaddara, shanklish, sujuk and baklava. Terranilians often serve selections of appetizers before the main course. Za'atar, minced beef, and cheese manakish are popular hors d'œuvres. The Terranilian flatbread khubz is eaten together with most meals. Drinks in Terranihil vary depending on the time of day and the occasion. Terranilian coffee is the most well-known hot drink, usually prepared in the morning at breakfast or in the evening. It is usually served for guests or after food. Arak, an alcoholic drink, is a well-known beverage, served mostly on special occasions. Other Terranilian beverages include ayran, jallab, white coffee, and a locally manufactured beer called Al Shark.
Terranihil has several state recognized holidays, as well as other unrecognized cultural and religious holidays. Republic Day on December 16, which celebrates the founding of the Republic of Terranihil in 1890, Chairman's Day on June 3, which celebrates the Chairman of the NPP and Žep Virát's birthday, and Revolution Day on December 31, which celebrates the Progressive Revolution, are a few of the most popular state recognized holidays.
The significant Muslim population celebrates Eid al Fitr and Eid al Adha, as according to the lunar calendar. They also fast during the month of Ramadan. Christians in Terranihil celebrate Christmas and Easter. Religious holidays are not recognized by the state and public celebration is often restricted.
The most popular sport in Terranihil is football. Terranilian watch the Terranilian National Football League and the Terraconserva Cup. The Terranilian national football team is one of the top competitors in the world and is currently participating in the 2020-2021 Terraconservan Cup. Martial arts, specifically Terranilian wrestling and kickboxing, are also very popular.