Second Republic of Rakeo
Dua Respubliko de Rakeo
Motto: Fiero de la Sur
Anthem: Kredo kaj nia Insulo
|Common languages||Creeperian Spanish|
|Religion||Creeperian Catholic Church (dominant)|
|3 September 1918|
• End of Rakeoian Civil War
|20 November 1955|
|Currency||Creeperian Peso (interim)|
|Today part of||Rakeo|
The Second Republic of Rakeo (Creeperian Spanish: Segunda República de Rakeo; Rakeoian: Dua Respubliko de Rakeo), also referred to contemporarily as the Rakeoian Republic was a country that existed from 1918 to 1955. Bordered by Creeperopolis to the north and Sequoyah to the west. It first became a new nation in 1918 as the Provisional Rakeoian Administration ruled by Committee for the Future of Rakeo following the second Independence referendum, with its capital at Olino, before being reorganized into a republic in 1920.
The end of colonial rule saw a new, more granular democracy, but voter restrictions that existed since 1888 remained in place.
The capture of Jinosia in 1955, and subsequence surrender of the Second Republic and Provisional Defense Command, led to the creation of the Stratocratic Republic of Rakeo.
In 1918, a provisional government was established under the independence referendum with the requirement that it allow for elections within a year. The first parliamentary elections were carried out with three registered parties; The liberal, conservative, and New Fatherland party. In these formative years, parliament codified a number of measures that endeared its members to the elite of the country, such as tax reforms that benefited textiles, and a new culture program for the fine arts in San Miguel de Martinez.
While the country was still behind in a number of respects, many upper class residents credited the rapid industrialization with Creeperan rule. Often citing the backwardness of Sequoyah as proof of colonialism civilizing properties. Significant portions of these theories later formed the ideological core of Rakeoian paternalism.
The self-declared greatest achivement of the first parliament was the opening of Rakeo's first airport, named after the PM's wife in 1923. It enabled people to travel to Susla and later, to mainland Creeperopolis. However, challenges persisted, including the inability of law enforcement to deal with political extremism and organized crime in the cities. Poverty in particular dogged members of parliament, creating issues with alcoholism, drug abuse, and thefts. Parliament's position on the alcoholism and drug crisis was that the problem was an individual matter of faith, not a task for the government. Beyond 1924's nonbinding resolution on Alcoholism, no action would be taken for another ten years.
Starting in 1930, the Rakeoian economy was stagent for most. The low wage economy limited the number of shops and other service industries that could be opened on the island. Successful business were bought up by Creeperian firms and families, and others were simply outcompeted by foreign trade. The 1919 and 1925 parliaments passed bills such as the Foreign Goods Regulatory Act to try and migitate these issues, but the measures proved ineffective.
By 1931, unemployment was on the rise throughout Rakeo's cities, and violence was widespread. Attacks on foreign-owned shops and assaults against Creeperans themselves, became commonplace in Olino and Paragon. In response the government passed the tripartisan Fini agreement that would create a secondary police force this force would investigate attacks specifically targeted against foreign interests, which became the islands first anti-terrorist organization additionally each Menora got a parliamentary envoy to supervise this new task force’s activities.
A new fourth party made its appearance in the 1931 parliamentary election- The Nerega Party promised to introduce tariffs taxes on foreign on companies operating in the country and was overtly nativist. In 1932 an agreement between the Conservative party, the New Fatherland party, and the Liberal party made approval of new parties a function of parliament- without their approval new parties could not be created, essentially repealing the rules established under the preceding government.
With the Susla Affair, members of the Nerega Party were found to have interfered with a government report on it. The members involved were quickly expelled from parliament and the party itself was censured. On the beginning of the Creeperian Civil War the Nerega party was forcibly dismantled, under the grounds that it “had clearly been infiltrated by Miguelists who wish to break the sacred bond the between the island and the old fatherland”.
Confronted with an economy in total retreat, the 1937 parliament began to borrow money. Instead of reducing spending, the Republic began spending more money both on military aid in the form of equipment, and in the form of soldiers on the ground. The primary goal of the 1937 government was to re-open the export market to save the industries which relied heavily on Creeperian purchases. However, as the intervention continued and the economy continued to deteriorate, movements to use the exported goods locally grew stronger. The manifesto “a vision for our island” outlined a new policies that quickly became popular with workers.
The military had already shown itself to be fatiguing under the strain of the thirteen years of off-and-on deployment to Creeperopolis, with at least two different mutinies being reported, and many instances of desertion and looting. When they were called back to put down an insurrection taking place in Olino, chaos erupted. The burning of a local church sparked authorities to investigate. Rather than allow the soldiers responsible to be found and taken to trial, a garrison commander instead detained all witnesses to the arson, locking them into the fort for "security reasons".
Provisional Defense Army surrenders: November 1955
- Samuel Molina Tassis (1919–1925)
- Bernardo Vaneles (1925–1931)
- Santiago Ruíz Tengibre (1931–1937)
- Alfonso Moreno Salinas (1937–1955)
Under the Second Republic, the navy and army were both deployed multiple times to secure the country's security and protect commerce. Past 1950, authority over the military was transitioned to the Prime Minister exclusively, and the Provisional Defense Command took control of all military assets still in loyalist commanded territory. The rest of the military coalesced into the Militant Front.
The Rakeoian economy was afflicted with significant problems throughout the second republic. The country had long been dependent on a handful of low-wage high labor exports to Creeperopolis. When commercial shipping to Creeperian ports was deemed too dangerous to continue in XXXX, the export market collapsed. While exports resumed in XXXX, much of the workforce was still unemployed. Poor working conditions and mass unemployment quickly emboldened trade unionists, nativists, and Miguelists.