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Romerism (Creeperian Spanish: Romerismo, pronounced /ˈro.meɾˈis.mo/) is a form of far-right, authoritarian ultranationalism, commonly identified as a fascist ideology, that is characterized by authoritarian or totalitarian power, forcible suppression of opposition, and a strong regimentation of society with a liberal economic approach. The ideology came to prominence during the Second Parliamentary Era of Creeperopolis, during the Creeperian Civil War, and following the conclusion of the conflict during the period of 1887 to 1950. The ideology is opposed to liberalism, democracy, Marxism, anarchism, and Miguelism. The ideology is placed on the far-right of the political spectrum, and several Romerist movements have branded themselves as such.
The ideology formed under the Catholic Royalist Party and the Creeperian Pro-Fatherland Front during the Second Parliamentary Era, but each movement had their own distinct variant of fascism: Falangism (coined for the Falange Creeperiano) or Sáenzism (coined for its leader, Antonio Sáenz Heredia) for the Catholic Royalist Party and Negrism (coined for the Camisas Negras) or Hernándism (coined for its leader, Carlos Hernández Videla) for the Creeperian Pro-Fatherland Front. Romerism itself was formed by the Catholic Imperial Restoration Council during the Creeperian Civil War from 1933 to 1949. The ideology was named after Romero I, the leader of the Catholic Imperial Restoration Council, commonly known as simply the Imperial Council, the Catholic Council, or the Romerists, who were in opposition to the National Council for Peace and Order, commonly known as simply the National Council, the Atheist Council, or the Miguelists.
Presently, Romerism is the official ideology of the Nationalist Creeperian Catholic Royal Initiative and the Pro-Fatherland Front of Unification, or simply, the Creeperian Initiative, the Salvadoran Pro-Fatherland Front, and a minority ideology of the Revolutionary United Front.
Romerism places a strong emphasis on Creeperian Catholic religious identity. Romerism emphasized the need for total authority, hierarchy, and order in society. Romerism strongly emphasizes anti-communism and pro-capitalism and is generally anti-democratic. Romerism promoted the revival of a Catholic Creeperopolis due to the ongoing civil war against the secular/atheist Miguelists. Romerism openly declares itself as fascist and has declared itself allies with other ideologies such as Salnikovism and Saelicism, though it has distanced itself from Saelicist politics in recent decades.
- 1 Etymology
- 2 Definitions
- 3 History
- 4 Tenants
- 5 Criticism
- 6 Romerist Theorists
- 7 See also
"Romerism" is named after Creeperian Emperor Romero I who lead the Catholic Imperial Restoration Council during the Creeperian Civil War from 1933 to 1946. The ideology he helped establish was named in his honor.
According to many scholars, Romerism – especially once in power – has historically attacked communism, socialism, and liberalism, attracting support primarily from the right, be it center-right, right-wing, or far-right.
One common definition of the term, frequently cited by reliable sources as a standard definition, is that of professor Orlando Pareja Palau. Despite being a Romerist himself, leading to citations of bias, his definition is, in reality, mostly accurate. He focuses on three concepts:
- "Romerist Negations": Anti-Liberalism, Anti-Communism, and Anti-Socialism;
- "Romerist Goals": The creation of a Nationalist Monarchy to regulate economic structure and to transform social relations within a modern, self-determined culture, and the expansion of the nation into an empire;
- "Romerist Style": a political aesthetic of romantic symbolism, mass mobilization, a positive view of violence, and promotion of masculinity, youth, and charismatic authoritarian leadership.
More left-leaning sources cite Romerism as being dictatorial, totalitarian, racist, homophobic, and intolerant to all religions that are not Creeperian Catholicism.
Position in the Political Spectrum
Romerism falls to the extreme right on practically every political, social, and economic topic, making the ideology itself Far-Right.
Romerism's roots began in the Second Parliamentary Era of Creeperopolis in the late 1880s. The first political party to resemble proto-Romerism was the Catholic Royalist Party under the leadership of Francisco Dueñas Díaz. Early on, the party's ideologies included National Catholicism, Monarchism, Nationalism, Conservatism, and National Conservatism. After Antonio Sáenz Heredia became Caudillo of the Catholic Royalist Party in 1901, the party shifted to Hard-National Catholicism, Hard-Monarchism, Extreme Nationalism, Conservatism, National Conservatism, and Social Conservatism, all of which formed the political ideology of Falangism, a tenant of modern day Romerism.
Romerism further evolved under the Creeperian Pro-Fatherland Front's ideologies of Creeperian Fascism including Monarchism, Extreme Nationalism, Corporatism, Anti-Communism, National Conservatism, and Social Conservatism.
During the Creeperian Civil War, Romerism was upheld under the banner of the Catholic Imperial Restoration Council. The ideology formed under the Catholic Imperial Restoration Council and was named after its leader, Emperor Romero I.
Nationalism and Racialism
Prior to and during the Creeperian Civil War, the Catholic Royalist Party and the Creeperian Pro-Fatherland Front established paramilitaries known as the Falange Creeperiano and the Camisas Negras which declared themselves to be nationalist and attacked the paramilitary of the Creeperian Social Communist Party, the Atheist Red Army. Both also supported the full unification of Atlántida, Castilliano, El Salvador, and the State of the Church into Creeperopolis. During its early years of existence, the Catholic Royalist Party produced maps of Creeperopolis that included Atlántida, Castilliano, El Salvador, and the State of the Church as departments of Creeperopolis. The Creeperian Pro-Fatherland Front stated that a Fascist Creeperopolis would retake Atlántida and incorporate Atlántida, El Salvador, and the State of the Church. After the Creeperian Civil War, the Catholic Royalist Party and the Creeperian Pro-Fatherland Front were satisfied with the annexations of Atlántida and Castilliano on December 25, 1949.
Some of the Romerist in Creeperopolis have supported racialism and racialist policies, viewing races as both real and existing with differing strengths, weaknesses and accompanying cultures inextricably obtained with them. However, unlike other racialists such as the Miguelists, Romerism is unconcerned about racial purity and does not denounce other races for being inferior, claiming "that every race has a particular cultural significance" and claiming that the intermixing of the Creeperian race and other races has produced a "Hispanic superstate" that is "ethically improved, morally robust, spiritually vigorous." It is less concerned about biological Creeperian racial regeneration than it was in advocating the necessity of Creeperian Catholic spiritual regeneration. Some have nonetheless promoted eugenics designed to eliminate physical and psychological damage caused by pathogenic agents. Romerism did and still does support natality policies to stimulate increased fertility rate among ideal physically and morally fit citizens.
Caudillo of the Catholic Royalist Party, Antonio Sáenz Heredia, had little interest in addressing the Muslim problem outside areas of political issues. The Catholic Royalist Party's position was influenced by the fact of the small size of the Islamic community in Creeperopolis at the time that did not favor the development of strong Anti-Islamism. Antonio Sáenz Heredia saw the solution to the Islamic problem in Creeperopolis as simple: the conversion of Muslims to Catholicism. However, on the issue of perceived political tendencies amongst Muslims he warned about Islamic-Marxist influences over the working classes. The Creeperian Pro-Fatherland Front under Carlos Hernández Videla and the Militarist Nationalist Front under Adolfo Rivera López, however, saw the direct extermination of Deltinian Islam as the only option, most notably displayed in the Denshire Massacre of 1944.
The Creeperian Initiative and its Hispanic affiliates have promoted the cultural, economic and racial unity of Hispanic peoples across the world in "Hispanidad." It has sought to unite Hispanic peoples through proposals to create a commonwealth or federation of Spanish-speaking regions headed by Creeperopolis.
Authoritarianism or Totalitarianism
Scholars continue to debate wether perfect Romerist requires an authoritarian state or a totalitarian state.
Authoritarianism is a form of government characterized by strong central power and limited political freedoms. Political scientists have created many typologies describing variations of authoritarian forms of government. Authoritarian regimes may be either autocratic or oligarchic in nature, and may be based upon the rule of a party or the military. Totalitarianism is a term for a political system or form of government that prohibits opposition parties, restricts individual opposition to the state and its claims, and exercises an extremely high degree of control over public and private life. It is regarded as the most extreme and complete form of authoritarianism. In totalitarian states, political power has often been held by autocrats who employ all-encompassing campaigns in which propaganda is broadcast by state-controlled mass media.
The Creeperian Initiative has previously held both authoritarianism and totalitarianism as its core tenants at different points in its history. Under the reigns of Romero II and Alfonso VI, the Creeperian Initiative upheld totalitarianism as the requirement of perfect Romerism. Meanwhile, under the reigns of Adolfo V and Romero III, the Creeperian Initiative upheld totalitarianism as the requirement of perfect Romerism. Under Alexander II, the branding of totalitarianism was erased from the Creeperian Initiative and the Creeperian Initiative was officially branded as "authoritarian."
Despite the Initiative's claims of simply being "authoritarian," it is very apparent that the party continues to exercise totalitarian power as displayed in its rampant propaganda and simply by the fact the it is the sole legal political party in the country.— Sami Nezrej, 2008
As of 2020, Creeperopolis continues to exercise total control over the politics of the nation, and gained even more power after the abolition of its legislature in February 2020, the Council of Senators. It continues to spread pro-government propaganda and demands complete loyalty to the nation. It also, however, allows liberties in the economy and does not take direct control of the economy in any way.
While Romerism denounces the mainstream internationalist and Marxist socialism, it claimed to economically represent a type of nationalist productivist capitalism. This was derived from the National Conservative Party, who was a major proponent of capitalism. Whereas Marxism condemned capitalism as a system of exploitative property relations, Romerism sees the nature of the control of credit and money in the contemporary capitalist system as essential. Unlike Marxism, Romerism does not see class conflict between the Marxist-defined proletariat and the bourgeoisie as a given or as an engine of historical materialism. Romerism leaders such as Antonio Sáenz Heredia and Ramón Serrano Suñer spoke of the need to create a new managerial elite led by engineers and captains of industry.
Romerism's support for capitalism was solidified after the Miracle of Creeperopolis which occured during the 2000s and 2010s. The "Miracle of Creeperopolis," known as the "Milagro de Creeperópolis" in Creeperopolis, is a term used by economist and Creeperian Minister of the Treasury Adán Dávalos Santángel to describe the reorientation and resurgance of the Creeperian economy during the 2000s and 2010s and the effects of the economic policies applied by a large group of Creeperian economists who collectively came to be known as the Salvador Boys, having studied at the University of Salvador. Dávalos Santángel said the "Creeperian economy did very well, but more importantly, in the end the central government of the Emperor grew in strength and power. So the really important thing about the Creeperian business is that free markets did work their way in bringing about a free society." The government to which Dávalos Santángel is the current government of Creeperopolis under the reign of Alexander II. The economic reforms implemented by the Salvador Boys had three main objectives: economic liberalization, privatization of state-owned companies, and stabilization of inflation.
Age and Gender Roles
Romerism emphasizes youth both in a physical sense of age and in a spiritual sense as related to virility and commitment to action. The Frente de Juventudes', the youth front of the Catholic Royalist Party, anthem was called "Juventudes" ("The Youth"). Romerism identifies the physical age period of youth as a critical time for the moral development of people who will affect society.
Romerism pursues what it called "moral hygiene" of youth, particularly regarding sexuality. Creeperopolis promoted what it considered normal sexual behaviour in adulthood (being married) while denouncing what it considered deviant sexual behaviour (pre-marital). It condemns pornography, most forms of birth control, and contraceptive devices (with the exception of the condom), homosexuality, and prostitution as deviant sexual behavior. Many things such as abortion, beastiality, and homosexuality are punishable by death. Creeperopolis regards the promotion of male sexual excitation before puberty as the cause of criminality amongst male youth, declares homosexuality a social disease and crime against normality, and pursues an aggressive campaign to reduce prostitution of young women.
Antonio Sáenz Heredia perceived women's primary role as primarily child bearers and men as warriors, saying: "War is to man what maternity is to the woman." In an effort to increase birthrates, the Creeperian government gave financial incentives to women who raised large families and initiated policies intended to reduce the number of women employed. Romerism called for women to be honored as "reproducers of the nation" and the Creeperian government held ritual ceremonies to honor women's role within the Creeperian nation. In the 1950s, the government declared that employment of women was a "major aspect of the thorny problem of unemployment" and that for women, working was "incompatible with childbearing". The Creeperian government went on to say that the solution to unemployment for men was the "exodus of women from the work force." These policies were later eased in the 2000s to allow the way for the Miracle of Creeperopolis.
Romerists said that homosexuality was degenerate, effeminate, perverted and undermined masculinity because it did not produce children. They considered homosexuality curable through death, citing modern scientism and the study of sexology, which said that homosexuality could be felt by "normal" people and not just an abnormal minority. Open homosexuals are put to death.
Romerism emphasizes direct action, including supporting the legitimacy of political violence, as a core part of its politics. Romerism views violent action as a necessity in politics that Romerism identifies as being an "endless struggle." This emphasis on the use of political violence means that most Romerism parties have also created their own private militias (e.g. the Catholic Royalist Party's Falange Creeperiano and the Creeperian Pro-Fatherland Front's Camisas Negras).
Anti-Democratic and Tyrannical
One of the most common and strongest criticisms of Romerism is that it is a tyranny. Romerism is deliberately and entirely non-democratic and anti-democratic.
- Enrique Agramonte Leoz
- Julio Alda Miqueleiz
- Tomás Alemán Prats
- Benito Aparicio Capmany
- Manuel Arboleda Guillén
- Hugo Bánzer Suárez
- Ignacio Barrios Prats
- Óscar Benavides Larrea
- Adolfo Cabañeras Moreno
- Alfonso Cabañeras Moreno
- Emmanuel Cabañeras Videla
- Augusto Cabañeras Gutiérrez
- Armando Calderón Sol
- Carlos Castillo Armas
- Eusebio Cordón Cea
- Sancho Dávila Fernández
- Francisco Dueñas Díaz
- Macos Espiga Mina
- Pedro Espiga Ordóñez
- Enrique Figueroa Guerrero
- Rubén Franco Alcabú
- Nazaret García Seco
- Alfonso García Valdecasas
- Alexander Giammattei Falla
- Martín Gutiérrez Sánchez
- Carlos Hernández Videla
- Máximo Illescas Freixa
- Elías Mancebo Muñoz
- Josué Manzanedo Seco
- Adolfo V Martínez Escobar
- Alfonso VI Martínez Escobar
- Romero III Martínez Escobar
- Romero I Martínez Galdámez
- Romero II Martínez Guerrero
- Alexander II Martínez Hernández
- Adolfo IV Martínez Jiménez
- Alexander I Martínez Jiménez
- Alfonso V Martínez Jiménez
- Armando Molina Barraza
- Joaquin Noboa Chicote
- Orlando Pareja Palau
- Adolfo Rivera López
- Armando Rodríguez Vera
- Antonio Sáenz Heredia
- Paúl Sáenz Mina
- Luís Sánchez Cerro
- Alexander Sánchez Molina
- Ramón Serrano Suñer
- Adán Tamayo Navarro
- Juan Torres González
- Óscar Únzaga Vega
- Rafael Videla Redondo