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Rakeo

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Stratocratic Republic of Rakeo

Stratokrata Respubliko de Rakeo
Flag of Rakeo
Flag
Emblem of Rakeo
Emblem
Motto: Venko Postulas Ofero
"Victory Demands Sacrifice"
Anthem: March to Paragon
LocationSouth of Creeperopolis, east of Sequoyah
Capital
and
Olino
Official languagesRakeoian
Recognised national languagesRakeoian
Creeperian Spanish
Ethnic groups
Rakeoian
Creeperian
Religion
(1982)
No Official Religion (Catholicism partially permitted)
Demonym(s)Rakeoian
GovernmentCentralized Stratocratic Oligarchy
Richard Cornell
Establishment
233
• Second Republic established
1918
April 4, 1950
June 18th, 1955
Area
• 
136,372 km2 (52,654 sq mi)
Population
• 2020 estimate
30 million
• 1944 census
28 million
GDP (nominal)1995 estimate
• Total
ℝ34.1 trillion
₵300 Billion
• Per capita
ℝ1,136,666
₵10058 (13)
Gini (1995)20.4
low
HDI (2010)Steady 0.5
low
CurrencyRalgi (RAL)
Time zoneAMT–5, –4 (Rakeoian time)
Driving sideright

Rakeo, officially the Stratocratic Republic of Rakeo (Rakeoian: Stratokrata Respubliko de Rakeo; Creeperian SpanishIberic: República Estratocrática de Rakeo), is a deeply repressive nation ruled by a military oligarchy, and is the second poorest in Sur. It shares a naval border with two nations, Creeperopolis to the north, and Sequoyah to the west. The capital and largest city of the country is Olino, where as much as a tenth of the population lives. As of 2020, an estimated 30 million people live in the island nation.

The First Kingdom of Rakeo was established in 656 as an extension of a system of government originally designed to protect farming settlements across the island, upending the status quo of city-states dominating the countryside. While challenges emerged over the centuries, the kingdom remained intact until a plague on crops spread across the island. Forests reclaimed unmaintained fields, and famines took their toll as well. This dark age lasted for the next centuries. At the beginning of the 16th century, the great city-state of the west, Olino, sought protection against the "destiny of conquest" put forth by their western neighbor. In doing so, Moreno I would unite Olino with Paragon and Jinosia in a military alliance that became the rebirth of a united Rakeoian monarchy. Eventually, Henriko Dodge, a rising star in statecraft, challenged the monarch and created the First Rakeoian Republic. In 1838, the invasion of Rakeo by Creeperopolis dismantled the First Republic and established the Captaincy General of Rakeo. Following the first independence referendum, a colonial republic was allowed to administer the island, and with the second independence referendum, the Second Republic of Rakeo fully restored the nation's autonomy. In 1950, the Rakeoian Civil War broke out following a widespread mutiny in Olino, and the murder of multiple agents of the Republican government. After five years of bloody fighting, the Stratocratic Republic of Rakeo was solidified as the island's government.

The Rakeoian economy used to be heavily based on agricultural and textile exports, but under the isolationist policies of the government during 1955 to 1980, exports fell and the economy contracted to its modern value of ℝ34.1 trillion. (The Rakeoian Ralgi has hyperinflated to over 113 times as much as the Quebecshirite Credit, the base currency of Terraconserva. As such, the figure of ℝ34.1 trillion is equivalent to ₡0.3 trillion credits.) The country continues to struggle with historically poor foreign relations, a drug epidemic, a weak economy, and country-wide poverty. The official currency of Rakeo is the Rakeoian Ralgi and it has been since the end of the Second Republic. Rakeo has been commonly called "a dictatorship in everything but name".

Etymology

Rakeo was simplified from the root word Rakreo in Malnova (literally translated as "old tongue"). This was a combination of the words Ra, Kre, and -o. Ra translates as island, or the concept of being surrounded, kre is a corruption of cruz, and the suffix -o means grouping, or can mean a member of a group.

The meaning of Kre has been in dispute- According to some scholars, it was meant to signify Christian beliefs. Others believe that it was meant as a metaphor for faith more generally. A last camp believes it was an astronomical name, referring the Cruz constellation.

Thus, Rakeo can mean

  • The Faithful Island
  • The Christian island
  • The Island of the Cross

History

First kingdom

The first kingdom of Rakeo collasped in 956 following a major drought, followed by an outbreak of an unknown pathogen which wiped out 60% of the island's population. Modern scientists are still unsure of the exact causative agent, but some have theorised that it was a rodent-borne disease, spread by a large population boom in mice following a rainy season.

Second kingdom

Creeperian colonialism

The 1838 invasion by Creeperian forces left Rakeo without self rule for the next five decades, but brought new levels of industry and commerce to the island. It marked a significant change in the island's demographics as well, as more of the population moved to coastal cities, depopulating the inland. The rapid change in society led to strong anticolonial and anti-Creeperian backlash, exemplified in the rise of terror groups like the Rakeoian Sovereignty Front. Organized resistance never reached low level insurgency status as seen in other Creeperian territories, but smaller attacks, such as the 1 May theatre bombing in 1867 which assassinated Jorge Montt Álvarez, first Captain General of Rakeo, led to brief periods of intense ethnic violence.

In 1888, a referendum resulted in the country becoming a parliamentary democracy that was still part of Creeperopolis as a department.

Second republic and civil war

Contemporarily known as the Rakeoian Republic, the Second Republic of Rakeo was the ruling government of the island from 1918 to 1955. Faced with rampant drug abuse, economic stagnation, and distrust in the military, it began to decline throughout 1935-1950. In 1950, the Rakeoian Civil War began as soldiers began a third munity in the city of Olino. This led to the 1955 collapse of Republican government.

Contemporary history

Starting in the early 2000s, the Rakeoian economy began a downturn. Rakeoian agricultural exports were heavily disrupted when the main trading partner of Rakeo, Creeperopolis, underwent a regime change in 2003-2004. Rakeo signalled its continued support for the new government of Creeperopolis by having the Stratocratic Authority sign into its first international organization- The International Patriotic League. Adding to the downturn were Rakeo’s restrictions on modern telecommunications, which have made it lag the world in technology, making a number of industries noncompetitive against their international rivals. In 2005, a series of anti-government protests largely composed of students calling themselves La Junularo took to the streets to demand democracy, transparency, and jobs. They were met by a harsh crackdown. City-wide curfews were enforced with water trucks and mass arrests by state security forces quickly dismantled the group. In 2011, the economy was officially decentralized, but many remain skeptical considering the number of government positions occupied by businesspersons. What remains undisputed is that no ten year plan was declared, and many quotas for war materials were discontinued, allowing independent industry to have significantly more access to resources.

Geography

Topography

Climate

Natural disasters

Demographics

Largest cities

Education

The architecture of mass education in Rakeo was built under the Second Republic, where schools were nationalized and a new curriculum was designed to teach students basic skills over the course of a eight year mandatory education. This was expanded in 1958 to include ‘Enhanced guidance in accordance with the New National spirit’, a four year secondary school education focused on better equipping students with skills for working in farms, factories, or as soldiers.

Government and politics

Political system

Rakeo is governed by a formalized oligarchy of businesspeople, military officers, and descendants of politically powerful families from prior governments. Members of the oligarchy seldom make public appearances, and when they do, it is often in concert with all other members. This practice began in 1975 during the Silent Times- When individuals trying to publicly assert government power were often targeted for assisanation by the DAI, and remains an ingrained tradition. Being a member of the Stratocratic Authority, the sole legal party in Rakeo is a prerequisite to entering the political class, but many ordinary citizens join it, whether for displaying genuine patriotism or to avoid governmental scrutiny.

Foreign relations

Military

Human rights

The Directory of Internal Affairs of Rakeo and more broadly, the stratocratic government, has historically engaged in arbitrary arrests, indefinite detention, deportations, forced disappearances, and political assassinations. Numerous groups within Rakeo exert extrajudicial powers over citizenry which are either ignored or condoned by the government. In addition to not observing the authority of the TCN, Rakeo has no outstanding human rights agreements with any foreign government, and does not guarantee safety to travelers or diplomatic immunity. This is reflected in the travel advisories of many nations.

Economy

Agriculture

Most of Rakeo's food is produced domestically, with corn, wheat, and soybeans being staple crops. Fruits, particularly citruses, are imported from abroad, where climates are more favorable to their growth. Industrial farming of cattle is restricted by law to specific regions of the country as an environmental measure. Despite this, contaminants from agriculture still threaten several water supplies.

Lumber is the main natural export of Rakeo with industrial fibers like hemp (while diminished compared earlier years) being a large component of the remainder.

Mining

Rakeo's ancient geologic past led to a number of deposits of minerals, some composed of multiple bands surrounding former volcanic arc formations, others are lens-shaped columns of metal sulfides that have bubbled through rock- Both of these have been economically exploited. Originally native copper was the primary mined resource for communities during the pre-unification age. Galena, an ore containing lead and silver, became economically important in the 1820s, but as deposits were depleted over the next twenty years it became clear that it was no longer the future of mining.

In the second half of the 19th century a boom in iron mining created entire towns dedicated to workers and their families. For decades, iron ore was taken from mines across southern Rakeo, sometimes so rich in quality that it could be directly smelted. But the supply was not infinite. By the 40s, production peaked, and soon the mining industry faced an existential threat. When these iron mines that fueled the first industrialization of Rakeo began to decline in productivity, taconite, long considered a waste rock was reexamined. But because of its low iron content and the difficulty in processing it, nobody would make a serious attempt to process it until the 1970s.

Manufacturing

In the 1960s, a new focus was placed on manufacturing capacity by the Stratocratic Government. The first fully domestic car factory opened in 1965, and soon afterwards, multiple manufacturers had been established for arms production. Car manufacturing collapsed when isolationist policies that had protectionist impacts were lifted in the late 1970s, but the sector quickly diversified to survive. Three private companies continue to produce aircraft in the country.

Energy

Rakeo consumes 51 TWh a year. Of that, over two-thirds comes from coal imports, twenty percent comes from natural gas, and the rest comes from a mixture of hydroelectric and biogas generation. In the 1970-1980s, a program of construction created dozens of coal power plants which drove the price of electricity down. Historically, hydropower was used to drive mills and sawmills before the electrification of Rakeo.

Tourism

Rakeo's tourism industry, which was formally established in 2020, has had limited success according to government reports. The 2021 visit by vice-president of Karimun, Johan Apollo is expected to drive interest in the future. Major obstacles to travel to the country include the harsh restrictions placed on tourists for state security, and the almost universal negative travel advisories in effect.

International travel advisories
Ajakanistan Cospania Creeperopolis Gjorka Greater Sacramento[lower-alpha 1] Groffenord Karimun Lyoa Malgax[lower-alpha 1] New Gandor[lower-alpha 2]
Travel permitted? Travel banned No Data Exercise Increased Caution Travel with Caution AurebeshiaFlag3.1.png Travel with Extreme Caution No Data No Data Exercise Increased Caution AurebeshiaFlag3.1.png Travel with Extreme Caution Travel with Caution
Paleocacher[lower-alpha 2] Quebecshire Reia[lower-alpha 2] Reykanes Salisford Sequoyah Terranihil Tirol Zloveshchiy
Travel permitted? Travel Highly Discouraged Travel with Caution Travel Highly Discouraged Travel Highly Discouraged Travel Highly Discouraged No Data Reconsider Travel Travel Highly Discouraged No Data

Role of forced labor

Some NGOs and defectors claim that forced labor workforces staff segments of the economy such as mining, forestry, and creation of wood-derived products. Prison labor as a form of punishment for crimes is legal in Rakeo, but the government denies that prison labor is uncompensated, and claims that economic rivals are behind 'rumors' of unethical practices.

Culture

Public holidays

Date Lyoan name Local name Observance
1 January New Year's Day Tago de Nuevo Año
Día de Nuevo Año
The first day of the year and the day after New Year's Eve.
16 February Mother's Day Tago de las'Madres
Día de las'Madres
A day to celebrate motherhood, similar to many other countries Mother's Day.
16 March Father's Day Tago de los'Padres
Día de los'Padres
A day to celebrate fatherhood, similar to other countries Father's Day.
3 September Independence day Tago de Sendependeco
"Día de la'Independencia"
Celebration dedicated to 1918's full independence from Creeperopolis
1 October Children's Day Tago de los'Niños
"Día de los'Niños"
Celebration dedicated to the Children of the country, celebrated across the country.
1 November All Saints' Day Tago de Ĉiuj Sanktuloj
Día de los'Santos
A day when most people celebrate their patron saints and attend mass.
2 November Day of the Dead Tago de las Muertoj
Día de los'Muertos
A day when most people visit the tombs of deceased loved ones.
25 December Christmas Day Kristnasko
Navidad
December 25 is marked as the traditional date of birth of Jesús Cristo in Creeperian Catholic tradition.
20 November Day of the New Nation Tago del Sunleviĝo The date of the formal surrender and disbandment of the Provisional Defense Command and establishment of the new political system.
31 December New Year's Eve Tago del Año Sunsubiro
Fin del Año
The final day of the year, and the day before New Year's Day is celebrated in Rakeo with family dinners.

. A public holiday that is celebrated in specific Menoras, but not nationwide

Cuisine

Rakeo has a number of traditional dishes (considered as ones dating back to the 18th century and prior) which remain popular at restaurants in the inland. Many recipes brought by migrant communities dominate cuisine both in the home and in city markets. The government provides a staple of bulk grains for each household- Wheat, corn, and more recently soybeans. Everyday citizens are encouraged to produce food from home gardens, and often grow potatoes, rutabaga, and other root vegetables. In addition, they can have chickens for eggs, or rabbits raised for butchering. These supplementary ingredients are eaten on their own, or with the grain staple. Many homes use government-made steel plates and utensils included in lieu of silverware. Most, aside from restaurant owners, do not own refrigerators- Root cellars are a more common method of preserving food. Those with self-imposed dietary restrictions (observant Christians, less commonly observant Muslims) often have to trade foods with others. A barter/trading subculture is a common occurrence in work crews and smaller communities, and a formalized system exists in cities, particularly Jinosiá, where a significant portion of the population will not eat pork.

Media

Rakeo has had no domestic independent journalism since either 1955 or 1960.[lower-alpha 3] In the decades since, multiple state news outlets have been established, including the Rakeo National Radio Program, Rakeo National Television Service, and National Daily. Internationally, the Stratocratic Authority is alleged to own various front organizations such as Human Rights Terraconserva to promote their positions, often through disinformation. As of 2018, Rakeo was described as “the least friendly country in the world for foreign journalism”. After reforms in 2020, foreign journalism is allowed in limited capacity. The country’s legislation on foreign journalists include restrictions on who is allowed to be interviewed, and large areas are marked as non-recording zones.

Conspiracies around Rakeo

Because of the restrictions on information in Rakeo, many foreign media outlets have made dubious claims about the nation without correction. Some more popular claims include;

  • The nation is secretly controlled by Creeperopolis, the Malgan-Aurebeshian World Order, Communists, or The Anti Christ
  • Fake owls (ubiquitously found in the country used to scare off flocking birds from public spaces) are thought by some to be cameras, microphones, or both.
  • That the village of Bolos is actually the personal property of drug kingpin Ismael Zambada García
  • That the country’s leader is secretly the child grandson of Richard Cornell.
  • That the country serves as a proving ground for new weapons systems, either for the Stratocratic government testing on its own civilians, or for other nations, ranging from Malgax to Creeperopolis
  • Rakeo controlled Sequoyah until the COMISEQ intervention overthrew the puppet regime.
  • Rakeo is secretly a democracy, and projects the image of a dictatorship to avoid Creeperianization.

Membership of international organizations

Full member

Rakeo's membership of international organizations includes:

See also

RakeoianFlag.png Rakeo portal
TCNFlagNew.png Terraconserva portal

References

  1. 1.0 1.1 This nation is in Aurebeshia, and thus uses Aurebeshia's Travel Advisories
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 This nation is in Aurebeshia, but issues independent travel advisories
  3. Depending on the percieved independence of the newspaper "Soldier's Daily" which was fully nationalized in 1960, but claimed to be independent prior.