Orlando Moreno Hidalgo

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His Excellency

Orlando Moreno Hidalgo
Official portrait of Orlando Moreno Hidalgo used by the Creeperian government since 1949.
Official portrait of Orlando Moreno Hidalgo used by the Creeperian government since 1949.
11th Prime Minister of Creeperopolis
In office
March 8, 1725 – November 1, 1749
MonarchCarlos II (1725-1728)
Carlos III (1728-1729)
Adolfo II (1730-1749)
PresidentHimself (1729-1730)
Preceded bySalvador Cerén Collazo
Succeeded byFrancisco López Yagüe
Provisional President of Creeperopolis
In office
August 13, 1729 – September 15, 1730
Prime MinisterHimself (1729-1730)
Preceded byPosition Established
Succeeded byPosition Abolished
Acting Holy Protector of the State of the Church
In office
August 13, 1729 – December 25, 1729
Supreme PontiffBenedicto XIII
Preceded byCarlos III
Succeeded byPosition Abolished
(later, Manuel III)
Chairman of the Liberal Party
In office
March 8, 1725 – November 1, 1749
Preceded bySalvador Cerén Collazo
Succeeded byFrancisco López Yagüe
Personal details
Born
Orlando Miguel Moreno Hidalgo

August 9, 1678
Adolfosburg, Adolfosburg, Creeperopolis
DiedNovember 1, 1749(1749-11-01) (aged 71)
San Salvador, San Salvador, Creeperopolis
CitizenshipCreeperopolis
Political partyLiberal Party
Spouse(s)
Ariana Juderías Cortéz
(m. 1699; his death 1749)
ChildrenSusana Moreno Juderías
Guadalupe Moreno Juderías
Jerónimo Moreno Juderías
Fernando Moreno Juderías
Mía Moreno Juderías
ParentsIgnacio Moreno Espina (father)
Lía Hidalgo Elvira (mother)
RelativesMoreno Dynsasty
ResidenceMoreno Family Estate
Alma materAdolfosburg University
Signature

Orlando Miguel Moreno Hidalgo (August 9, 1678-November 1, 1749) was a Creeperian politician who served as the Prime Minister of Creeperopolis and the Chairman of the Liberal Party from 1725 to his death in 1749. He was a career politician and was member of the First Parliament of Creeperopolis representing Adolfosburg's 2nd District from 1705 to his death in 1749.

Moreno Hidalgo was a lifelong Liberal and supported republican and secular policies in Parliament to reduce the power of the Monarchy and the Catholic Church in politics. He became the most trusted ally of Prime Minister Salvador Cerén Collazo leading to a rise in his popularity and reputation allowing him to easily win the 1725 general election becoming Prime Minister himself. Following the death of King Carlos II in 1728, his son, Carlos III, attempted to restore the full power of the monarchy in the Monarch's Revolution. His coup attempt failed and he was executed on August 13, 1729. In the wake of the exection, Moreno Hidalgo proclaimed the establishment of the Republic of Creeperopolis and abolished the monarchy. The royal family was exiled to the Kingdom of Atlántida and the State of the Church was abolished. His republic was shortlived however and was abolished following the Peoples' Revolution in 1730 where the public demanded the return of the King. Adolfo II, Carlos III's younger brother, became King in 1730, restoring the constitutional monarchy.

From 1730, Moreno Hidalgo worked to rebuild his reputation to stay in power. He continued his liberal policies such as the establishment of secular marriage, the legalization of homosexuality, the abolition of the death penalty, and the taxing of Church properties. His policies lead to heavy opposition from Conservatives. The 1750 general election was predicted to be an extremely narrow election due to his waning support from the population. In October 1749, the Guazatancillo Affair was exposed to the public and outrage errupted across the nation and calls for Moreno Hidalgo's immediate resignation were being made by citizens, politicians, and the King. When a vote of no confidence was presented by his own party to be voted upon on November 2, 1749, which meant certain removal and a trial before court, he committed suicide by hanging on November 1, 1749, in his own home.

Orlando Moreno Hidalgo was posthumously pardoned by his successor and one of his remaining allies, Francisco López Yagüe, on November 8, 1749. The Conservatives proceeded to win the 1750 general election in a landslide and Moreno Hidalgo's 2nd District of Adolfosburg flipped to the Conservative Party for the first time in history. The Liberal Party posthumously repatriated Moreno Hidalgo as a member of their party in 1763 and championed his accomplishments during his Prime Ministership labeling the Guazatancillo Affair as Conservative slander. His youngest son, Fernando Moreno Juderías, became Prime Minister following the death of López Yagüe and was reelected in 1770. The National Liberal Party from the Second Parliament upheld the ideologies of Moreno Hidalgo and portrayed him as the champion of Republicanism, Secularism, and Anti-Monarchsim. The current Creeperian government is highly critical of Moreno Hidalgo and his policies.

Early Life

Orlando Miguel Moreno Hidalgo was born on August 9, 1678, in Adolfosburg, Adolfosburg, at the Moreno Family Estate. His father was Ignacio Moreno Espina and his mother was Lía Hidalgo Elvira. Moreno Hidalgo was the family's third child: his eldest sister was named María and his older brother was named Miguel. His older brother would however die to Creeperian Malaria at age 2 when Orlando was 4 months old.

Orlando was a member of the Moreno Dynasty, a powerful political dynasty heavily associated with the Liberal Party in the Parliament of Creeperopolis. His grandfather was Pio Moreno Jalisco, his great grandfather was Prime Minister José Moreno Dávalos, and his great granduncle was Prime Minister Fidel Moreno Dávalos. Alfonso Moreno Salinas, the first Prime Minister of Creeperopolis, was Orlando's great great great great grandfather.

Orlando's father Pio was a politican and the Representative of Adolfosburg's 2nd District. Pio Moreno Jalisco wanted to prepare his son to become a politican and become the Representative of Adolfosburg's 2nd District after his retirement. Orlando was enrolled at Adolfosburg University and studied law and political science.

Early Political Career

Representative of Adolfosburg

Drawing of Orlando Moreno Hidalgo from around 1710.

Pio Moreno Jalisco announced he would retire and not run for reelection in the 1705 election. He endorsed his son Orlando, who was only age 27, to succeed him. Orlando ran on the Liberal ticket and he was challenged by Conservative Salvador Funes Tafalla. Moreno Hidalgo won in a landslide with 62.41% of the vote, decisively defeating Funes Tafalla. The two politicians would become bitter rivals following the election.

Moreno Hidalgo continued his father's legacy by continuing to pass liberal legislation in his district and vote for liberal legislation at the national level in the Parliament. By the time of the 1710 election, Salvador Funes Tafalla returned to challenge Moreno Hidalgo. Moreno Hidalgo won with an even larger margin defeating Funes Tafalla by 68.48% of the vote.

Before Moreno Hidalgo began his second term, his father was murdered by a hired gardener after a payment dispute on February 7, 1710. Moreno Hidalgo was devastated but called for the murderer to be spared the death penalty because he believed that taking any life was immoral and wrong, something which was at the time still a fringe belief of the Liberal Party with little support.

Second-in-Command

Then Prime Minister Salvador Cerén Collazo wanted to futher secure his position as Prime Minister and decided to make Moreno Hidalgo his unofficial deputy Prime Minister, essentially second-in-command, to gain the full political and finacial support of the Moreno family.

Election of 1725

Prime Ministership

Offical portrait of Orlando Moreno Hidalgo from 1730.

First Term

Monarch's Revolution

Republic of Creeperopolis

Election of 1730

Second Term

Peoples' Revolution

Rebuilding Reputation

Third Term

Fourth Term

Fifth Term

Guazatancillo Affair and Death

Personal Life

Awards and Decorations

Domestic Decorations

Foreign Decorations

Legacy

Electoral History

Overall

Adolfosburg 2nd District

1705 Creeperian General Election
Party Candidate Votes
Of total
Liberal Party Orlando Moreno Hidalgo 24,582 62.41%
Conservative Party Salvador Funes Tafalla 14,806 37.59%
1710 Creeperian General Election
Party Candidate Votes
Of total
Liberal Party Orlando Moreno Hidalgo 27,482 68.48%
Conservative Party Salvador Funes Tafalla 12,649 31.52%

National

1725 Creeperian General Election
Party Leader Parliament Votes
Of total Of total
Liberal Party Orlando Moreno Hidalgo 75 75%
75 / 100
892,461 74.88%
Conservative Party Édgar Casaus Rubio 25 25%
25 / 100
299,394 25.12%
1730 Creeperian General Election
Party Leader Parliament Votes
Of total Of total
Liberal Party Orlando Moreno Hidalgo 51 51%
51 / 100
546,237 50.03%
Conservative Party Óscar Funes Moya 49 49%
49 / 100
545,582 49.97%
1735 Creeperian General Election
Party Leader Parliament Votes
Of total Of total
Liberal Party Orlando Moreno Hidalgo 52 52%
52 / 100
560,921 50.80%
Conservative Party Óscar Funes Moya 48 48%
48 / 100
543,255 49.20%
1740 Creeperian General Election
Party Leader Parliament Votes
Of total Of total
Liberal Party Orlando Moreno Hidalgo 53 53%
53 / 100
593,598 52.23%
Conservative Party Óscar Funes Moya 47 47%
47 / 100
542,910 47.77%
1745 Creeperian General Election
Party Leader Parliament Votes
Of total Of total
Liberal Party Orlando Moreno Hidalgo 52 52%
52 / 100
583,997 51.81%
Conservative Party Óscar Funes Moya 48 48%
48 / 100
543,193 48.19%

Liberal Party

Genealogy

See Also