Mara War

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Mara War
Part of the Creeperian Conflicts
Clockwise from top left: Soldiers of the ECCP, army soldiers in a shootout with MS, army soldiers operating a technical, patrolling FRENAMI soldiers.
Clockwise from top left: Soldiers of the ECCP, army soldiers in a shootout with MS, army soldiers operating a technical, patrolling FRENAMI soldiers.
Date15 October 1979 – present
(42 years, 8 months, 2 weeks and 6 days)
Location
Throughout Creeperopolis, with occasional spillover across international borders into El Salvador, Lyoa, Rakeo, Salisford, Sequoyah, the State of the Church
Status Ongoing
Belligerents

 Creeperopolis

Supported by:
 El Salvador
 Lyoa
 New Gandor
 Quebecshire
 Rakeo
 Salisford
 State of the Church

Paramilitaries[note 1]


Death squads[note 2]

Commanders and leaders

Strength
  • 500,000+ dedicated soldiers
  • 50,000+ dedicated police
at least 150,000?
Casualties and losses
28,311 confirmed dead 250,000+ estimated dead
1.7–2.4 million dead as a result of organized crime

The Mara War (Creeperian Spanish: Գփերրա դե լաս'Մարաս / Guerra de las'Maras, or Գփերրա ծոնտրա լաս'Մարաս / Guerra contra las'Maras), also referred to as the Creeperian Drug War (Գփերրա ծոնտրա'լ նարծոտրըֆիծո են Ծրեեպերօպոլիս / Guerra contra el narcotráfico en Creeperópolis) and the Paramilitary War (Գփերրա Պարամիլիտար / Guerra Paramilitar), is a major ongoing asymmetric military conflict occurring in Sur, primarily in Creeperopolis. The high-intensity conflict being fought between the Creeperian government, anti-government paramilitaries (composed of drug cartels, criminal gangs, etc.), and various semi-government aligned death squads, began on 15 October 1979 with a declaration of war which, issued by Creeperian Emperor Adolfo V, which called for the "elimination" of Creeperopolis' criminal gangs which had grown powerful enough to effectively govern some parts of the country.

The Creeperian government has stated that the primary purpose of the conflict is to "destroy terroristic paramilitary and criminal threats to the Fatherland." Since the declaration of war, dozens of criminal organizations eventually evolved to form into paramilitaries to directly challenge the government, with some groups openly stating their intentions are to topple the Creeperian government entirely. Additionally, various anti-paramilitary groups formed which primarily target and murder members of the paramilitaries, earning them the label of being death squads. The death squads, because of their intentions of eliminating the paramilitaries, have effectively become semi-aligned with the Creeperian government, as the government effectively ignores the actions of the death squads so long as they target the paramilitaries and not civilians or government forces.

Despite government efforts to bring the conflict to an end, it has gone on for over 42 years, making it one of the longest ongoing armed conflicts, and has resulted in the deaths of anywhere between 1.7 million to 2.4 million people, making it the deadliest ongoing armed conflict (including deaths as a result of organized crime). Legally, however, the Creeperian government does not consider members of the paramilitaries to be human beings which allows people to murder them without any legal consequences in some sort of effort to deter individuals from joining the cartels and encouraging people to take justice into their own hands. This official policy of the Creeperian government has been almost universally condemned by the international community as a severe violation of human rights. As a part of Creeperopolis' campaign to dehumanize paramilitary members, anyone arrested by the Creeperian government who is discovered to be a member of a paramilitary is automatically given a 70-year prison sentence, while those convicted of a violent crime are imprisoned for life or executed, with some being extrajudicially executed by the military or police.

Background

Alfonso Cabañeras Moreno (MINDEF) initially supported the formation of gangs in the 1950s.

Following the conclusion of the Creeperian Civil War in September 1949, and with the beginning of a period of Miguelist partisan resistance against the newly-established government of the Catholic Imperial Restoration Council (Romerists), many Creeperans believed that the internal conflict which had raged in Creeperopolis since 1933 had not yet completed. As such, many Creeperans formed and joined self-defense groups, which overtime, eventually evolved into criminal gangs, engaging in criminal activities and violence against rival gangs.

Initially, the Creeperian government welcomed the gangs, seeing them as vigilante groups protecting civilians from partisan attacks. In 1952, Minister of Defense Alfonso Cabañeras Moreno stated that the self-defense groups and gangs "are a useful tool for the government to fight off the Miguelist threat to the Fatherland. While some have attacked the government, most haven't, and although some have engaged in criminal activities, so long as they are an unofficial ally against Miguelism, the self-defense groups may stay." During the early and mid-1950s, the Creeperian National Police (PNC) recorded several instances of open combat between partisan groups and gangs throughout southern Creeperopolis, where most of the partisan resistance was occurring.

After the end of the partisan resistance in 1957, however, the government began to take a more strict approach on the criminal gangs and the activities they engaged in, as they were no longer inherently anti-partisan forces and were becoming true criminal organizations engaging in violent crimes against civilians and government officials such as murder, rape, kidnapping, battery, armed robbery, among other crimes. The Creeperian government issued notices to the departmental police forces to take a "stricter stance" against criminal activity being undertaken by the self-defense groups and gangs.

Prelude

Early governmental anti-gang actions

On 16 February 1958, Segismundo Peralta Llano, the mayor of Tuxtla Martínez, was kidnapped by a criminal gang. The Zapatista Departmental Police (PODEZA) launched a large-scale operation to search for the mayor, however, the police eventually found Peralta Llano's decapitated body on the outskirts of Panachor three days later on 19 February. Above his corpse, on the wall next to which his body was found, the police found graffiti reading "Territorio 18" (translated as: "18's Territory"), in reference to the 18th Street Gang which was established sometime in the early-1950s. The succeeding mayor, José Sierra Queipo, announced that the 18th Street Gang would be "eradicated" as a "punishment" for Peralta Llano's assassination, marking the first time any level of the Creeperian government took direct action to attempt to eliminate a criminal gang.

Combatants

Creeperian government

Armed forces

Police forces

Foreign support

Paramilitaries

List of notable paramilitaries

Death squads

List of notable death squads

Course of the conflict

Reign of Adolfo V: 1979–1987

Reign of Romero III: 1987–1999

Reign of Alfonso VI: 1999–2003

Reign of Alexander II: 2003–present

Campaigns and policies

Government anti-paramilitary policies

Paramilitary recruitment and propaganda

Death squad recruitment activities

Effects in Creeperopolis

Scale of casualties

Violence and crime

Government corruption

Treatment of journalists

Assassinations of government officials

Human trafficking

Internationally effects

Spillovers of violence

Destinations of trafficked drugs and weapons

See also

Creeperopolis portal
Terraconserva portal

Notes

  1. Many of the paramilitaries are engages in conflict with each other; they are solely listed on the basis of being in conflict with the government.
  2. The death squads are generally allied with each other, however, they are in conflict with the paramilitaries and are not aligned.

External links

Wiki.png Media related to the Mara War at LCNWiki