Republic of Lyoa
Motto: "Unity and Justice"
Anthem: Revolutionaries United
and largest city
|Government||Unitary dominant-party presidential republic|
• Vice President
• Water (%)
• (2018 estimate) estimate
|38.3 million (11th)|
|GDP (nominal)||2018 estimate|
|$41.5 billion dollars (12th)|
• Per capita
|$6,498 dollars (12th)|
|Gini (2018)|| 20.3|
|HDI (2018)|| 0.529|
low · 12th
|Currency||Lyoan Dollar (LYD)|
|Time zone||AMT-7 (LNT)|
Lyoa, officially the Republic of Lyoa is a small nation on the main western landmass of Terraconserva. It shares its only land border with the Karimun to the north, and borders several bodies of water to the west. Lyoa's capital is Tigera, which is also its largest city. Notable cities include Getie, Kygoa, and Ensula.
The region of Lyoa was inhabited by humans since the existence of the species, but no traceable nation existed until the 11th century, with the formation of the Kingdom of Kindua in the late 1050s. Several powerful tribal kingdoms and confederations would emerge in this region until 1730, when the Old Lyoa Kingdom was formed from the ashes of the New Ndegu Confederation. The old kingdom lasted until the 1930s, when it was overthrown and replaced with the short-lived New Lyoa Kingdom. In 1967, the Lyoan Revolution lead to the creation of the current republic. In 1998, a civil war broke out after President Laurent Tulossa attempted to secure a third term in office. This war would last for nearly 5 years and involved a multitude of factions. It would officially end in 2003, but subsequent conflict in the northern and eastern regions would continue until the beginning of an ongoing second civil war in 2020. The war ended after several months, but conflict started again recently. Lyoa maintains relations with every recognized nation in the world, but Lyoa maintains particularly good relations with Creeperopolis. Today, Lyoa is lead by President Kemoh Foday.
- 1 History of Lyoa
- 2 Government and Politics
- 3 Geography
- 4 Economy
- 5 Demographics
- 6 Culture
- 7 See Also
History of Lyoa
The region now known as Lyoa was populated by humans since the existence of the species, leading many to believe Lyoa to be the origin point of humanity. Eventually, tribes were formed that existed for several centuries. These people groups did not form organized states until about the 5th century, with the creation of the Kingdom of Kindua.
Kingdom of Kindua
Lyoa was originally settled by a number of tribes that make up most of today's ethnic groups. One of the most powerful tribes was the Kindu, a group that lived along the coast. In 1058, the Kindu formed a kingdom, known as the Kingdom of Kindua. Its capital was known as "Ondoa", and would be the site for the modern-day city of Tigera. Kindua came to dominate much of the coast of modern-day Lyoa, as well as parts outside of the modern borders. The Kingdom dominated the region for the next two centuries, controlling most of the modern state and carrying out military campaigns against other tribes and kingdoms in the region. Its final ruler was King Tirigan III, who ruled until 1235, when he was killed during an uprising against the Kingdom. This uprising was lead by members of the Lakku tribe, who established a new state.
Kingdom of Itori
The aftermath of the Lakku uprising lead to the creation of the Kingdom of Itori, which seized most of Kindua's old territory, with the exception of some breakaway regions from other ethnic groups. Itori was able to take control of most of modern-day Lyoa, establishing valuable trade networks with other The rule of the Kingdom of Itori was short-lived; however, during this period the rights of the Kindu people were severely suppressed. Itori would fall in 1293 following a series of rebellions, and the eventual Itori Ethnic War.
The defeat of the Lakku-led Kingdom of Itori in 1293 lead to the rise of of a confederation known as Ndegu. This confederation was formed by some of the minority ethnic groups ruled by the Itori, such as the Yari, Nagata, and Tgbala. The confederation overthrew the Itori and established themselves as the new rulers of the land. Soon, they reorganized themselves as an empire and began conquering tribes around them. The Ndegu Empire, as it was called, lasted until 1503, when it split into two nations.
Lakku Empire and New Ndegu Confederation
The split of the Ndegu Empire created two states, which would periodically war with each other. These being the Lakku Empire (controlled by the Lakku ethnicity), and the New Ndegu Confederation, which was ruled by a council dominated by the Kindu. The Kindu-ruled state ended up being the more powerful one, and would consistently fight winning wars against its weaker neighbor. This period lasted until 1730, when the Confederation destroyed the Lakku Empire.
Old Lyoa Kingdom
A shake-up in the ruling class of the New Ndegu Confederation led to the appointment of a monarch, which started the Old Lyoa Kingdom. This kingdom was ruled by the Kindu exclusively, although a merit-based system existed for appointments of other leaders. This stage of Lyoa was the longest lasting, existing until 1884.
In 1785, a coup took place against the Old Lyoa Kingdom led by Lukeni Frieza Micombero that interrupted the Old Kingdom's rule, establishing the Lyoan Empire. From 1785-1797, the Lyoan Empire waged the Lyoan Imperial Wars against a variety of nations that were targeted by the Empire from conquest. Frieza was overthrown in May 1797, but was briefly restored in 1799 before being ousted once more. Following Frieza's exile from Lyoa, the Old Kingdom was restored.
New Lyoa Kingdom
The New Lyoa Kingdom succeeded the old one after a Lakku-led revolution ousted the old Kindu dynasty in 1884. During this period, Lyoa was affected by a low-level conflict known as The Disturbance. This Kingdom ceased to exist after a democratic revolution forced the monarchs out of the country in 1967.
Following the end of the Lyoan Revolution, the leader of the democratic rebels, Joseph Kyangyu took power. In December of 1967, an election was held, although it resembled more of a plebiscite, affirming the government set up by the rebels. Kyangyu's administration was structured as an interim government to allow for the establishment of democratic elections. Kyangyu resigned in 1970 to allow for a regular election interval to begin, and to allow for his retirement.
William Ntihura of the Lyoan Popular Patriotic Party became president on February 1st, 1970 following the 1970 Lyoan presidential election. Ntihura is widely considered to be one of Lyoa's most successful and popular politicians. Many sites are named after Ntihura, and he still continues to be a popular figure to this day, and is considered to be a founding father of the Republic.
James Sharokoh was elected president in 1974, and once again in 1978. Originally regarded as another populist similar to Ntihura, he gradually became more corrupt as his term went on. His victory in the 1978 election is disputed, as he is believed to have rigged it in his favor. He was deposed by Laurent Tulossa in 1979.
Tulossa established the Democratic Republic of Lyoa which he ruled as a military dictatorship for three years, before declaring himself president. Originally, Lyoans saw his regime as good, as it had deposed the previous corrupt president, and had instituted policies which contributed to economic growth and increased standard of living in Lyoa. As time went on, however, Tulossa's government became increasingly corrupt and the reforms began to slow. His popularity began to drop significantly, and mass protests erupted nationwide. To appease the protesters, Tulossa appointed Patrice Yakurusha, an opposition leader, as vice president. Despite this, the protests continued.
First Civil War
The protests erupted into civil war when the Tulossa regime began to use the armed forces to violently suppress protests. Portions of the army which refused to participate defected and formed the Democratic Army of Lyoa. This started the Lyoan Civil War. Two more rebel groups arose, the Nationalist Front and the Revolutionary United Forces. In 2002, the RUF toppled the Tulossa regime and declared themselves to be the government, forming the Revolutionary United Front party. The war officially ended in 2003 due to a peace deal.
The RUF quickly became the dominant party in Lyoa. In the 2006 elections, RUF candidate Joseph Kyundu won 71% of the vote. Subsequent RUF candidates in all elections continued to win across the country, cementing the party's domination of politics. While other parties exist, the RUF is the most powerful.
Government and Politics
Lyoa's political system is that of a presidential representative democratic republic based on a multi-party state. The President of Lyoa is both the head of state and the head of government. There are currently 18 registered parties in Lyoa. In 1967, the rebel Lyoan Revolutionary Alliance established a constitution, which provided for a multi-party political process and reflected multi-party competition. Later, in 2003, the constitution was changed, tweaking aspects of the political process including term lengths and legislature seats.
Lyoa's legislative branch is a unicameral assembly, consisting of the National Legislative Assembly. As of 2020, the National Legislative Assembly consists of 400 members, with the Revolutionary United Front controlling 50% of the seats. Members of the National Legislative Assembly are elected by popular vote and serve three-year terms.
Lyoa's president is also elected via popular vote in national elections. As of the 2018 election, the president of Lyoa is Kemoh Foday of the RUF party. The president is the head of the executive branch, and holds most of the political power in the country.
The Constitutional Court is Lyoa's highest court. There are three Courts of Appeals directly below the Constitutional Court. There are provincial courts for all 16 of Lyoa's provinces, and local courts for each department.
One of the smallest countries in Terraconserva, Lyoa shares a border with the Kivu Ocean to the west and Karimun to the north and has an equatorial climate. Lyoa consists of a circular landmass with a peninsula jutting out into the ocean.
Most of the country is covered by forest, although there are some areas, particularly in the south, with less tree cover. The northern and northeastern parts of the country are mountainous, with the highest point being Mount Nyihera. The Congo River runs through the center of the country, dividing the nation into east and west.
There are three major national parks in the country, one in the east, one in the south, and one in the center of the country.