LGBT rights in Tirol

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Tirol Orthographic.png
Location of Tirol (dark green)
StatusLegal since 1991,
age of consent equalized in 2005
Gender identityNo legal ruling
MilitaryLGBT people allowed to serve
Discrimination protectionsNo
Family rights
Recognition of relationshipsUnregistered cohabitation since 2003,
Registered partnership since 2005
AdoptionStepchild adoption since 2009, joint adoption since 2012

Lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) rights in Tirol have advanced significantly in the 21st century. Both male and female same-sex sexual activity are legal in Tirol. Registered partnerships were introduced in 2005, giving same-sex couples some of the rights of marriage. Stepchild adoption was legalised in 2009, while full joint adoption was legalised by the Constitutional Court of Tirol in March 2012. The ruling went into effect on 1 January 2013.

The country, while influenced by Creeperian Catholicism, has slowly become more liberal with laws and social opinions concerning sexual orientation and gender identity. However, there are still many LGBT minorities think being different is a problem.

Law regarding same-sex sexual activity

Same-sex sexual acts have been legal since 1991. In 2005, the age of consent was equalized by the Labour government.

Despite widespread support to set up an "expungement or compensation scheme" for old historical gay sex criminal records, the government of Tirol has not implemented it yet as of April 2021.

Recognition of same-sex relationships

The Tiroler Constitutional Court has issued multiple landmark LGBT rulings, including the 2012 ruling legalising adoption.

Following the ruling of the Supreme Court in Carnere v. Tirol in 2003, cohabitating same-sex couples were given the same rights as cohabitating opposite-sex couples.

First planned in 2005, registered partnerships have been legal in Tirol since 30 September 2005.

Before 2005 when the National Council legalised same-sex union, the Tiroler Government had not legalised same-sex marriage due to opposition by the League Party. Labour had however introduced a bill in Parliament, and in 2005 when Labour won the National Council election one of the first bills put forward before the council was introducing Civil Unions.

See also