The United Commonwealths of Gagium
Les Commonwealths Unis du Gagium
Motto: "Ex Notitia, Victory"
English: "From Knowledge, Victory"
|Largest city||Fort Anfree|
|Government||Confederal/Federal presidential constitutional monarchy|
• King of Gagium
• Vice President
• Assembly Speaker
|House of Lords|
|Independence from Quebecshire|
• Kingdom and Commonwealths
• United Commonwealths
|1,111,111 sq mi (2,877,760 km2)|
• 2018 estimate
• 2010 census
• Per capita
|Gini (2018)|| 41.2|
|HDI (2018)|| 0.921|
The United Commonwealths of Gagium (Quebecshirite: Commonwealths Unis du Gagium), usually referred to as Gagium, is a country comprising of 13 commonwealths. With a population of more than 98 million people, Gagium. is among the world's most populous nations. Gagium borders Groffenord the west, and Malgax to the south.
Ancient groups of loosely-connected hunter-gatherer peoples had lived in the area that encompasses modern-day Gagium since 20,000 years ago, with a variety of native civilizations and empires existing up to the 16th century. Colonists originating from Quebecshire began in the early 17th century with the establishment of Nouvelle Franconia in 1631, but didn't pick up until the later half of the century. Shortly after, Gagium would be integrated as a special territory of Quebecshire. After Gagium gained its independence in 1822 with the adoption of the First Constitution of Gagium, the nation was reorganized as Confederal Gagium. After widespread struggle under the Confederal government, a large portion of the current constitution was ratified in 1835 with the birth of the Kingdom and Commonwealths of Gagium under Mathis I.
Through increased development and industrialization away from the coasts to the south and west, Gagium had expanded to its current borders by 1854. A brief power struggle between King Dimitri Rodier (Who was widely seen as incompetent) and republican factions of the government resulted in the monarchy being weakened with the constitutional amendment of 1867, followed by the ban of slavery later the same year.
INSERT MODERN-ER HISTORY HERE
The United Commonwealths of Gagium is a federal constitutional monarchy and representative democracy - However, according to numerous scholars, Gagium is technically a confederal constitutional monarchy under its constitution. The nation is a highly developed country, with a nearly-even split between urban and rural inhabitants. Gagium possesses a developed free market economy, with a GDP per capita of $57,430. The country ranks highly in various socioeconomic indicators, and possesses an organized army with the purpose of defending the nation and advancing Gagium's goals worldwide.
- 1 Etymology
- 2 History
- 3 Geography and Biodiversity
- 4 Demographics
- 5 Government/Politics
- 6 Economy
- 7 Infrastructure
- 8 Culture
It is widely accepted that the name Gagium is derived from the ancient and later Latin words 'Gaia' and 'Gagium', meaning "dense forest" (Though 'Gagium' was also used to reference an enclosed forest used for medieval hunts). This would make sense, given that the site of Roland Rodier's first landing at present-day Nouvelle Franconia was heavily forested. The name Gagium has been used in official documents regarding the Quebecshirite colony since approximately 1650.
Indigenous peoples in present-day Gagium had settled the land since approximately 20,000 BC, though as hunter-gatherers they were primitive even compared to other hunter-gatherers in the more warm parts of the continent for several thousand years. Groups of these indigenous people soon began to separate into tribes in 1,500-500 BC, though these tribes were primitive in technology and hadn't developed writing while many civilizations and Groffenord had already developed much more. It is unknown exactly why the indigenous of Gagium were relatively isolated from the world and never was able to take off technologically. However, by at least 1200 AD, several smaller entities that could be described as nations had begun forming in the nation, with distinct writing systems, currencies, and cultures. The Tasunke Nation was the most well known of these, occupying a large portion of the eastern coast of Gagium and even developing sizeable ships to trade with other coastal settlements. They were organized in 1319 by Annawan and thrived for many centuries after, developing technologies that made it a true nation.
The Northern Plague, detrimental to the indigenous civilizations, decimated the short-lived nations and empires in the early 1500s, and chaos between the traditional indigenous and these nations erupted in the aftermath of the Plague, causing the deaths of thousands and the effective collapse of all of the nations of pre-colonial Gagium. Many records were destroyed in the following decades, though many of the remaining records and artifacts would be eventually recovered.
In 1631, in the aftermath of the Quebecshirite Civil War (1607-1623), Roland Rodier, a former Monarchist, was sent by Grandmaster Yvon Delsarte to search for new lands to colonize for the purpose of increasing Quebecshire's wealth and political influence. Entering the Glaceis Ocean from north of the continent, Roland's expedition landed and established the settlement of Nouvelle Franconia at the mouth of the Vilnau River. After staying at the colony for a few months to oversee its development, he traveled back to Quebecshire to rally more settlers. In 1632, Rodier would return on the night of an attack by the indigenous natives on Nouvelle Franconia. With his reinforcements to the colony, the attack was repelled.
Colonization would pick up in the coming years and especially in the second half of the 17th century. In 1657, Gagium was officially incorporated into Quebecshire, with the city of Agen being selected as the colonial territory's capital. The Quebecshirite settlers of Gagium would soon wage war against the natives in the Caribou Wars that lasted from 1683 to the mid 1700s, during which dozens of thousands of indigenous peoples were slaughtered and thousands more were enslaved. Entire native settlements were wiped out during the course of the wars, to be replaced by towns established by Quebecshirites and other colonists. By the conclusion of the Caribou Wars, it was estimated that around 100,000 indigenous people died from direct war-related causes alone, and millions more perished due to disease brought by the settlers.
During the 18th century, the people of Gagium enjoyed steady economic growth and expansion and were generally satisfied with the territory's status as a part of Quebecshire. Gagium's capital was moved to Nouvelle Franconia in 1721 to better represent the people of central and southern Gagium. Though there were strict Quebecshirite regulations on imports and mandated exports to Quebecshire, many businesses and enterprises in a variety of fields thrived, including shipbuilding, printing, and manufacturing businesses. Lucas Gérard's shipyard in Penarlant (Which would be renamed to Gérard Shipyards after his death) was particularly successful and laid down a number of vessels for both commercial and military usage.
After the end of the Caribou Wars due to the Second Treaty of Penarlant, colonial Gagium enjoyed an unsteady peace with the natives for the remainder of the 18th century, though numerous smaller conflicts still occurred. After the Caribou Wars' conclusion, the nation of Quebecshire took an interest in controlling more of its territory's affairs and its economy, imposing higher taxes and expanding the authority of officials from Quebecshire. Despite this, the territory of Gagium still enjoyed relatively low taxes in comparison to mainland Quebecshire, and no vocal calls for independence would be made due to these actions. However, the descendants of Roland Rodier saw an opportunity, and in 1781 Alexia Rodier met with a string of leaders in the various local governments of the territory to discuss eventual independence from Quebecshire. Though little came out of this meeting, and Alexia Rodier would be arrested that year, she did succeed in establishing a movement for independence (Not necessarily through violence) that would continue to grow.
The calls for independence increased after the Battle of Point Fouri, in which farmers and militiamen dissatisfied with low crop prices and high local taxes imposed by the local government took up arms against the government of Poissac and were eventually defeated at the hands of Quebecshirite forces. Increasing tensions were diffused by the 1822 adoption of the First Constitution of Gagium, which was recognized by Quebecshire. This constitution established a loose Confederal state that was ruled by an elected President. Though Gagium was now a nation, it was still a dominion of Quebecshire, who retained significant influence over politics and near-complete control over the new nation's foreign affairs. Any tensions between the Quebecshirite leaders and the settlers (now citizens) of Gagium initially subsided after the signing of the Constitution, and the new nation would turn its focus towards enforcing its laws within its borders and subjugating the natives.
The Confederation of Gagium established under the First Constitution, however, had several flaws which would lead to its eventual fall. The constitution treated Gagium as a loose union of semi-sovereign Commonwealths who all were loyal to the young nation's motherland of Quebecshire in the end, though in actuality the different Commonwealths had very different ideas regarding Quebecshire and their place in the new nation. Additionally, different currencies were used all across the nation, and in some more isolated parts of Gagium currencies weren't really used at all. To deal with this, the Confederal government attempted to adopt the Quebecshirite Credit, but to no avail. Different prices and exchange rates across Gagium made things difficult to buy and sell, and the economy stagnated.
After a few years of turmoil building up and the Commonwealths going head to head with each other, the people of Gagium pinned the blame on several different people, including the Quebecshirites, the idealistic writers of the constitution, and those who wanted to rebel against the Quebecshirites. Several skirmishes would be fought by many factions who all had different goals across the increasingly unstable Confederation, and calls among the Gagian for Quebecshire to restore order increased. However, many of the Commonwealth governments then proclaimed that they would openly take up arms against Quebecshire if they violated their constitution. The Skirmish at Buthiere, fought between angry residents and equally angry traders from southern Gagium in 1828, would be in newspapers across the nation during the coming weeks, though this was only one of many similar incidents.
In this chaos, the Rodier family, led by Mathis Rodier would form the Coalition for the Ascendance of Gagium, a militia that sought to unify Gagium and create a strong central government. The Coalition, with strong ties to the government of Westmoreland and Poissac, would rapidly grow in membership and in strength, buying hundreds of rifles and recruiting thousands of members. After marching on New Franconia, the Coalition would announce a series of constitutional amendments in 1831 that would strengthen the Confederation. All of these amendments proposed by Mathis were successfully ratified in 1831-1833, and Mathis was elected as President in 1833.
President Mathis Rodier would be popular during the next two years of office, though the situation in many Commonwealths hardly improved and the Confederal legislature became entrenched in endless arguing and debating. Mathis, seen as a hero for marching on New Franconia and restoring order in the city, gained the support of both the military and Quebecshirite authorities still in Gagium, as well as that of a majority of the citizens of Gagium. On March 1 1835, Mathis held an official address attended by the Confederal legislature as well as a detachment of the city's militia. There, he proclaimed the establishment of the Kingdom and Commonwealths of Gagium, with himself as King. The spectators largely broke out in cheers and celebrated the establishment of the new Monarchy. Mathis sent his younger brother, Paul, to take charge of the military and secure the rest of the nation. This was done with little issue, and soon the turmoil was ended.
King Mathis Rodier, now going by Mathis I, was crowned at his coronation on July 9, 1835, and the Second Constitution of Gagium was put into effect later that day. The Confederation of Gagium was officially dissolved.
Kingdom and Commonwealths
The young Kingdom and Commonwealths of Gagium, still a dominion of Quebecshire, would grow economically and politically strong over the next few decades, as industrialization allowed for the nation to exploit its vast resources and use them to produce goods more efficiently. The first railway was built in 1839, connecting the new capital city of Laurillac with Fort Anfree. Mathis I was killed in August 1844 by a drunk officer who accidentally shot the King with a revolver, and Paul took the throne as Paul I. Unfortunately, Paul I would be killed in December of the same year after taking up a bet by his servants that he couldn't kill an alligator in a duel. However, before he died, Paul I was able to order the construction of Laurillac Palace.
The title of King would go to Paul's cousin, Dimitri Rodier, who would style himself as Dimitri I. He oversaw the construction of Laurillac Palace as well as the continued industrialization and expansion of Gagium during the next few decades. In 1854, Gagium had expanded to its current borders, and by 1857 railways connected the 10 largest cities of the nation. However, despite this, Dimitri I would be seen as incompetent as the economy of Gagium came to a halt and various proclaimed noble houses often took up arms against each other. The War of 1862 between the ruling House of Rodier and the self-proclaimed House of Parmentier, led by Esther Ménétries (a supposed relative of Léon Rodier), proved to be devastating to the image of the Monarchy and resulted in mass desertions in the Army of Gagium. By 1863, as Dimitri slowly destroyed the forces rebelling against him, many leaders in the legislature called for Dimitri to step down and for the monarchy to be weakened. However, he refused, claiming that the War of 1862 was not the fault of his incompetent leadership but rather it was his tactical genius that allowed Gagium to stay intact during the war. The constitutional monarchists, unwilling to take action against Dimitri at the moment, backed down.
Geography and Biodiversity
Gagium is home to a vast collection of different wildlife due to its massive variation in climate and temperature, from the barren tundras of Marisea and Belvoir to the temperate forest-covered rolling hills of central Gagium to the humid subtropical plains and forests of southern Gagium. In the northernmost parts of the country, barren tundra gives way to vast subarctic pine forests that span hundreds of miles. Further south in the central of the country, deciduous forests and farmland dominates over a landscape that heavily varies in elevation, from the Delade Belt in the center of the country to the hills that define Rachelia and the plains in the central-west and southwest of the nation.
Southern Gagium is defined by warmer, longer summers and shorter winters. Away from the coastline, humid continental deciduous forests will give way to humid subtropical forests, plains, and wetlands that house a wider range of wildlife, including several dozen species of amphibians, reptiles, and mammals. Palm trees can be naturally found in the southernmost parts of Gagium, and the visible differences between winter and summer are minimal. However, most species that thrive in tropical environments still cannot naturally thrive in any part of the nation.
|Climate data for Fort Anfree, Gagium elevation: 13 m or 43 ft, 1976–2012 normals, extremes 1919-present|
|Record high °F (°C)||66
|Mean maximum °F (°C)||53
|Average high °F (°C)||37.8
|Daily mean °F (°C)||30.0
|Average low °F (°C)||22.2
|Mean minimum °F (°C)||4
|Record low °F (°C)||−8
|Average precipitation inches (mm)||3.19
|Average snowfall inches (cm)||9.2
|Average precipitation days||12||11||12||11||12||10||9||9||8||7||11||12||124|
|Average relative humidity (%)||62.8||60.3||64.4||65.1||69.7||73.8||74.2||73.8||74.1||70.4||68.2||63.6||68.4|
|Mean daily sunshine hours||6||6||7||8||9||9||9||8||7||7||5||5||7|
|Average ultraviolet index||2||2||4||6||7||8||8||8||6||4||2||1||5|
Due to the nation's wide variation in temperature and elevation, several thousand species of fauna can be found across the nation. The southern parts of Gagium is the most diverse, being home to a wide variety of habitats. Alligators, snapping turtles, foxes, and deer can be found across the south, along with anoles and skinks. Hundreds of species of birds and insects also thrive in this area, including a large variety of mosquitos, wasps, and other undesirable insects.
In the center of the nation, many different species of animals thrive in the forests and mountains, including deer, bears, foxes, raccoons, bob cats, squirrels, and woodchucks. The beaver is common to all Commonwealths in central Gagium, along with the white-tailed deer. Bats can also be found in this part of the nation, though they are becoming increasingly threatened. Along with the southern part of the nation, several hundred species of fish also thrive in the rivers and lakes of this part of the nation.
The northern parts of Gagium, largely dominated by short, warm summers and long, cold winters, are home to several species of foxes, caribou, mooses, elk, deer, lynxes, beavers, and bears. In the extreme north of the nation, arctic foxes, muskoxen, and polar bears can be found. Salmon and trout can prominently be found in the freshwater bodies of northern Gagium.
Off the shores of eastern Gagium, some species of orcas, seals, dolphins, and whales, and small populations of sharks, along with numerous species of fish. Belugas and some northern species of seals can be found off the arctic northern coast of the nation.
As of the 2010 census, the population of Gagium stands at 91,965,300 people. An estimate from 2018 puts this figure slightly higher, at approximately 98.4 million people. This makes Gagium the 11th most populous nation in the world, with 12 million less than Reia. The median age of the population of Gagium is 40.2 years, and the current fertility rate is about 1.6 births per woman. Life expectancy in Gagium is about 80 years from birth.
73.4% of the population identify as Quebecshirites, either those who have descended from the colonial settlers from Quebecshire or those who have immigrated from Quebecshire to Gagium. 9.4% of the population identify as natives, those whose ancestry predominately is from the indigenous people who have lived on the land for thousands of years. It is hypothesized that the actual number of indigenous in Gagium today may be slightly lower than 9.4% of the population. 17.2% of the population identify with ethnic groups from other nations who have immigrated to Gagium at one point or another.
A vast majority of the population, 96%, speak Quebecshirite fluently or mostly fluently, while Quebecshirite is spoken non-fluently by an additional 2% of the population. Several other languages have fluent speakers in Gagium, including: Groffenordic, which is recognized in Veyrac and Meuzac as a regional language; Malgish, which is a recognized regional language in Chapais; Creeperian Spanish, which is taught in some schools across Gagium.
Gagium is a federal presidential constitutional monarchy and a representative democracy. The Government of Gagium is led by the President, currently Vincent Barbet, with the Vice President serving as his successor and deputy. The nation's legislative branch, the bicameral National Assembly, is led by the Assembly Speaker and is semi-elected - The lower house is elected by the nation's citizenry, while the upper house, the House of Lords, is appointed by the elected Commonwealth governments. The Judicial is composed of the Supreme Court of Gagium and other national courts created by the National Assembly and the King of Gagium. The Supreme Court is composed of 11 Justices (who are appointed by the National Assembly) and is presided over by the Head Justice.
In regards to local government, the Commonwealths of Gagium are ruled by Lieutenant Wardens, who are elected directly by the citizens of their respective Commonwealths. Every Commonwealth has a unicameral Commonwealth Assembly that is tasked with creating laws for that Commonwealth. The Commonwealth Assemblies operate in a somewhat similar fashion to the houses of the National Assembly. Additionally, the vast majority of Commonwealths possess a Supreme Court as well.
Gagium is a federation of 13 Commonwealths, who have the power to make laws in their own Commonwealths and elect their own governments, as well as maintain their own defense forces, infrastructure, education, and welfare. However, very few Commonwealths maintain anything asides from a small militia due to the superiority and size of the Gagium Armed Forces. These Commonwealths together collect more taxes than the federal government, but often work together to complete national infrastructure projects, such as the Autoroute System. Delegating more powers to the Commonwealth or National governments requires a constitutional amendment in the National Assembly.
All Commonwealths have their own unique constitutions, many of them being over a century old. Additionally, many Commonwealths also ensure unique rights for their citizens that aren't guaranteed in national law - For example, numerous Commonwealths have extensive equality rights that aren't mentioned in national law and aren't practiced in all Commonwealths.
Due to Gagium's unique governmental structure, several political parties have formed, many of which hold significant influence nationwide while others hold influence in the governments of certain Commonwealths. The three 'major' parties in the Gagian legislature are the Confederal Party, Labor Party, and the Liberal Union. The Confederal Party is a right-wing conservative party that typically draws support from nobility and the upper middle class, advocating for capitalism and socially conservative policies. The Labor Party is center-left, drawing support from the middle-lower classes. They advocate for regulated capitalism, making the House of Lords directly elected, medicare for all, and centrist social policies - The Labor Party fashions itself as the champion of the workers. The Liberal Union, on the other hand, is the nation's dominant progressive party, being supported by the upper-middle classes. Their main stances are environmentalism, regulated capitalism, and social justice.
Dozens of other political parties exist, though only a few of them hold seats in the National Assembly. The Christian Party of Gagium holds significant influence in the legislatures of Suntona and Rachelia, and the National Action Party recently held a majority in the Commonwealth Assembly of Belvoir.
Gagium has diplomatic relations with much of the world, and has especially strong ties to the nation of Quebecshire. Additionally, Gagium is a member of the Terraconserva Economic Union as well as the Terraconserva Council of Nations. The delegation to the TCN has committed itself to maintaining world stability and security, voting for resolutions against Morova and the condemnation of Paleocacher. Gagium has also authored a resolution calling for an observer force to be sent into Sequoyah.
Gagium possesses a developed armed forces, which is composed of four distinct service branches - the Army, Navy, Air Force, and Special Operations Brigade. 1.8% of Gagium's GDP, or $101.754 billion, goes towards the Armed Forces. Aubin Genest, the current Minister of the Armed Forces, is the highest authority in the Armed Forces, besides the King of Gagium.
The largest branch of the Armed Forces is the Army, with the smallest branch being the Special Operations Brigade. The Special Operations Brigade is notorious for their use of their effectiveness in the battlefield.
Gagium has the 9th largest economy in the world as of May 2020, with a GDP of approximately ₡5.653 trillion. Gagium has a relatively globalized economy, and has high levels of economic freedom alongside average levels of inequality. The Fort Anfree Exchange currently has nearly two thousand public listings with a combined market capitalization of upward of ₡4.5 trillion. The largest company in Gagium is Laure, a major technology company that produces computers, computer processors, and more recently cell phones. The second largest company in the nation is Hiflo, a major mobile service provider that predominately operates within the nation.
Gagium possesses an urbanized economy dominated by the services industry, which employs around three fourths of the nation's workforce. However, the oil and natural gas, mining, and manufacturing industries are still prominent. The forestry industry is also considered important, especially in the mid-northern portions of the nation, and it is estimated that the industry will only grow in the near future as projected global warming makes access to the north easier. Despite the agricultural sector constituting less than 1% of the nation's GDP, Gagium is still able to produce enough agricultural goods to export to its neighbors and is a leading exporter of wheat and corn.
Gagium is a net exporter of energy as well, largely because of its large oil and natural gas reserves in the north of the country - The Commonwealth of Belvoir's largest export is natural gas. Gagium is also a leading exporter of many metals, including iron ore, coal, aluminum, gold, uranium, and zinc. The Delade Belt's coal reserves are some of the largest in the Western Landmass.
The private sector constitutes roughly 87% of the economy, while 8% is owned by the national government and the remaining 5% is owned by local governments. Consumer spending comprises about 65% of the economy, and the labor force of the nation consists of around 64 million people, which is about 65% of the population. A quarter of the workers in Gagium are unionized, thanks in part to ease of joining unions and laws prohibiting companies from taking action against employees due to union membership.
Science and Technology
Gagium annually spends roughly $104 billion on domestic research and development - Nearly a fifth of that, $19 billion, is provided by the federal governments, while an additional $12 billion is supplied by the Commonwealth governments. Several prominent scientists have been either born in Gagium or have went to university in the nation.. Gagium is home to a number of prominent global technological firms, several of which are based in the cities of Agen or Fort Anfree. The electronics manufacturer Laure is known throughout Gagium for their computers and cell phones. Research in the field of artificial intelligence is currently led by the University of Agen in partnership with several government agencies.
The Gagium Space Agency is relatively active, currently conducting research in aviation and on deep space. Several rockets and satellites have been designed and launched by the GSA since its creation in 1974. The GSA often partners with private research institutions and universities across the nation to help reach its goals.
Gagium possesses an extensive transportation network, combining many different methods of transportation to ensure that travel across the nation's vast expanse is as easy as possible. The Autoroute System connects the six largest cities in Gagium and numerous more, providing adequate access to most of Gagium outside of the northern Commonwealths. The Autoroute System is especially used in the east and southern parts of Gagium, while harsh winter conditions makes constructing and maintaining freeways in the north expensive. Asides from the Autoroute System, dozens of thousands of miles of National Highways and Commonwealth Highways connect the other major population centers of Gagium. Intercity rail is more expansive in the northern parts of Gagium, connecting Nouveau Vitre and Lochen with the densely populated eastern coast. Bonnel, the largest intercity passenger rail company, operates about 90% of intercity rail in Gagium.
Airlines are a popular choice for long distance travel within Gagium as well, and is largely deregulated. The vast majority of large airports in the nation are publicly owned. The largest airline based in Gagium, FlyGlaceis, operates in all major airports in Gagium and also flies to a variety of international destinations. The busiest airport in Gagium, Chatrois International Airport, experiences roughly 64,000,000 passenger movements annually, as of 2018. Other major airports include Georges Deloffre International Airport (Fort Anfree), Allen-Ville International Airport, and Agen Metropolitan Airport..
Energy consumption in Gagium per capita is approximately 7 tons of oil equivalent per year. A majority of this energy is derived from petroleum or natural gas, though coal and renewable energy sources are also used to produce electricity. Nuclear energy currently accounts for less than 16% of energy produced in Gagium, though this figure will likely increase in coming years as the government approves the construction of more nuclear power plants. In addition to this, many green-aligned politicians and local leaders have increasingly called for a significant reduction in the usage of coal and other fossil fuels since the turn of the century.
Energy policy is set at both the national and local level in Gagium, with many Commonwealths having restrictions on certain types of energy production that are unique to that Commonwealth. Many Commonwealths in the northern parts of the nation have policies that provide incentive for using oil or natural gas power plants. However, the national government of Gagium is cooperating with the Commonwealths in regards to decreasing high-carbon energy sources for environmental reasons.
Gagium is somewhat culturally similar to Quebecshire, sharing the same language, ethnic background, and largely traditions. Over 73% of the population are ethnic Quebecshirites who have descended from the Quebecshirite settlers in Gagium from the 17th to 19th century, and as such mainstream culture in Gagium shares many elements with that of Quebecshire. Gagian culture also has significant influences from the ethnic natives of the land, as well as from the small amounts of immigrants from other nations, primarily during the 19th and 20th centuries. Gagians have been traditionally characterized by their individualism and competitiveness.
Modern Gagian culture emphasizes support for democracy, equality in opportunity, liberty, and, for a majority of Gagians, belief in a higher power, though atheism is also widespread in Gagium. An emphasis on social integration of immigrants is also prevalent in society. Many Gagians support things like social equality, gender equality, and LGBT rights, though a nearly-equal amount of Gagians support traditional Gagian values that include marriage only between the opposite sex and the monarchy. Gagium's foreign policies and neutrality in many global affairs is also widely supported throughout the populace.
Mass media in Gagium is popular, and studies have shown that its television programs, magazines, and news outlets all affect Gagian culture to a significant degree, but have less of an impact than social media platforms. Social media platforms such as XX1 and XX2 are widely popular and enjoyed in Gagium, and allow for people to connect without being physically near each other. In recent years, social media has allowed for extensive coverage of events and happenings across the nation. The Commonwealth Broadcasting Corporation is Gagium's largest public broadcasting service and has largely affected Gagian culture since its creation in the 1930s.
Mainstream Gagian cuisine is similar to that of other developed nations across the world. Wheat is the primary cereal grain with about three-quarters of grain products made of wheat flour and many dishes use indigenous ingredients. Characteristic dishes such as apple pie, fried chicken, pizza, hamburgers, hot dogs, and fries are derived from the recipes of various immigrants. Burritos and tacos, which are Creeperian dishes, are also widely popular in Gagium, especially in urban areas. Tea and coffee are both popular in Gagium, and carbonated soft drinks, such as Pepsi, also enjoy mainstream popularity.
Even though fast food is relatively popular in Gagium, widespread education and encouragement of healthy eating has stopped obesity rates from becoming high.
Sports are seen as an integral part to modern Gagian culture and society. Football is the most widely viewed sport in the country, followed by basketball and hockey. Other popular sports in the country include auto racing, basketball, tennis, wrestling, golf, and volleyball. The three major professional sports leagues in the nation (by revenue) are the Gagian Football League (GFL), Gagian Basketball League (GBL), and Commonwealth Hockey League (CHL). All of these leagues enjoy moderate media coverage and are televised. Major football games enjoy an average attendance of 50,000, while hockey and basketball games are attended by an average of 18,000-30,000 people.
All major sports leagues in Gagium follow a franchise system, and all teams may move to a different city (At the discretion of their league) if the owners of said team believe a move will be beneficial. However, some local cities and Commonwealths have introduced legislation to bar franchises from leaving without seeking out the approval of a city. Games are played during the regular season of all major sports leagues, and playoffs commence to determine league winners after the regular season ends.
Stock car racing has a big presence in Gagium, with some of the more prominent races attracting several dozen thousand people and several million online or TV viewers. The Deninville 500 race, for example, had an attendance of well over 60,000 people in 2013 and was widely viewed across Gagium. Several businesses closed so that their employees could watch the race at home.
Gagium has participated in the Terraconserva Olympics since TBD. The Gagium Olympic Committee was founded in 1912 and is tasked with overseeing and managing Gagian Olympic athletes and teams. The Gagium Olympic Committee has focused on sending more athletes to the Olympics in recent games, but this has resulted in several Gagian athletes being undertrained or poorly performing against other nations. The 2016 Olympics is the first time that Gagium has sent delegates to participate in the demonstration esports, and in 2020, the nation sent 34 athletes to participate in Olympic esports.