The Directorial Republic of Cospania
La Repubblica Direttoriale di Cospania
Motto: "Libertas est donum Dei"
"Freedom is the Gift of God"
Anthem: Sorgono Grandi Patrioti
("Arise Great Patriots")
and largest city
|8th century B.C.|
• Romanyan Period
|100s B.C.-264 A.D.|
|May 23, 1821|
|79 million (2020 Census)|
|₵4.62 trillion QSC|
• Per capita
|Currency||Cospanian Lira (CSL)|
Cospania, officially the Directorial Republic of Cospania (Cospanian: La Repubblica Direttoriale di Cospania) is a nation on the Southern Landmass of Terraconserva. It is to the North of Creeperopolis, the East of Salisford, and the South of Greater Sacramento, across the Alzanub Sea. Cospania's largest and capital city is Cispaltania, however, other important cities include Forlora, Fiumacuarca, and Paeora.
Cospania is officially a directorial republic, and as a result, has no sole head of state or head of government. Instead, executive agency functions are fulfilled by the 7 person Cospanian Federal Directory. In addition, there is a unicameral legislature, The Chamber of the Estates. Cospania is known for its unique form of government and its robust manufacturing sector. It has the world's lowest overall tax burden, as it has no income, property, corporate, or estate taxes.
- 1 Etymology
- 2 History of Cospania
- 2.1 First Settlement (8th Century B.C.)
- 2.2 Romanyan Conquest and Colonization (100 B.C. - 200 A.D.)
- 2.3 Post Romanyan Period (264 A.D. - 325 A.D.)
- 2.4 Rise of the Kingdom of Cospania and Religious Debate (325 A.D. - 402 A.D.)
- 2.5 First Jewish Kingdom of Cospania (402 A.D. - 734 A.D.)
- 2.6 Deltino Invasion of Cospania (734 A.D. - 740 A.D.)
- 2.7 The First 2 Kingdoms Period (740 A.D. - 1222 A.D.)
- 2.8 The Cospanian War of Reconquest (1222 A.D. - 1226 A.D.)
- 2.9 The Second 2 Kingdoms Period (1226 A.D. - 1365 A.D.)
The origin of the name Cospania derives from the name given by the Romanyans to the inhabiting tribe of the land, the Cospanii. The first independent state in the region was called by the Romanyans Cospanii-ya after the native Cospanii tribe, over time this was eventually romanyized to Cospania, in accordance with the Romanyan province after the Romayan Empire conquered the region.
History of Cospania
First Settlement (8th Century B.C.)
The land that makes up modern day Cospania was originally settled by nomadic hunter gatherer tribes. These tribes came from neighboring regions and competed with one another for the new resources found within the region. Eventually these tribes began to settle down and construct primitive civilizations that grew over time. They would later go on to become subjects of the Romanyan Empire.
Romanyan Conquest and Colonization (100 B.C. - 200 A.D.)
In around the year 100 BC, the expanding Romanyan Empire eventually invaded the land directly across the sea and established an overseas colony there. With them they brought advanced technologies and construction techniques, developing much of the region. For close to 300 years the Romanyans ruled over the area until they withdrew from the region entirely to defend other parts of the empire. In around 200 AD the Romanyan military garrison in the colony withdrew entirely from the region, leaving Governor Felix Caecillius Anthropax without any military to enforce his rule over the region.
Post Romanyan Period (264 A.D. - 325 A.D.)
Romanyan rule nominally continued for about 60 years after the withdrawal of Romanyan soldiers under the rule of Governor Felix Caecilius Anthropax and his later successor, and final governor of the region, Florianus Orestes Iucundus. In 264 AD, Romanyan rule officially ended when Florianus raised an army and declared himself King. The declining Empire in the north was facing problems with Islamic invasions, and thus sent no response to the self coup. Structurally, nothing changed, as Florianus was intent on merely preserving his own power. The region continued to be called Cospania, and so the Kingdom was labeled the Kingdom of Cospania. In 287 Florianus Orestes died and was succeeded by his magister militum, Gaius Locum Aurelius, being crowned Aurelius I. It was during this time the Christian religion began to spread into the region, it was first met with contempt and repression by the administration of Aurelius I. The works of the early missionary St Eutichus were turned away by the government and shortly after his arrival and first preaching he was summarily executed by the government.
Auerlius I died in 302 AD and was succeeded by the son of Florianus Orestes Iucundus, Florianus Orestes Anthropode, who was crowned Florianus Orestes II, according to some sources, the regal title was Anthropode I, although these claims remain to be verified. Florianus Orestes II initially ruled in a cautious and conservative manner, but after personally witnessing the mob killing of an exposed Christian, he brought about the Great Edict of General Reform on the Tolerance of Religion in 316 AD. Even though Florianius Orestes II himself was still a follower of Romanyan Paganism, he liberalized religious worship in the Kingdom of Cospania, allowing for complete freedom of religion. The edict ended with the famous line, "While the Gods themselves may bless me, I should not deprive my countryman of asking his God to do the same". It was during this time that various sects of the Christian religion began to arise in the region, leading to the decline of Romanyan Paganism among the general population.
Rise of the Kingdom of Cospania and Religious Debate (325 A.D. - 402 A.D.)
During this time, orthodox Christianity associated with the Creeperian Catholic Church was battling against various factions and sects which it considered heretical. Due to the Great Edict issued some 50 years earlier, there was no official state intervention into the dispute. In 367 AD, Saint Cosimo The Blind appealed to then King Florianus Orestes III to intervene in the situation, which he rejected saying, "Oh how low the great church of the one god has fallen, was it not better when the good King Aurelius made you his slaves?" Thus, the debate continued to occur over various theological issues. Then, in 402 AD, Florianus Orestes III was murdered by his brother, Ricimer, in an attempted coup. Ricimer ruled the Kingdom for less than a month before he was killed by the Royal Guard under the orders of his now widowed sister in law, Septima Juliana. Juliana then placed her 8 year old son on the throne. While acting as regent for the young King, Juliana agreed to pick a side in the Cospanian Christianity Controversy. For three months, both sides of the controversy debated in the royal throne room for three hours a day, five out of the seven days of the week. Saint Alpinus, who represented the orthodox branch of the Catholic Church, was confident in his success, and had even remarked to an acolyte of his, "For God hath given me the strength to debate until I can no longer speak, and even then my mute silence shall ring out truer than any argument the heretics could put forth". Despite this assured confidence given by the Creeperian Catholic Church's group of orthodox clergymen, Juliana decided to take the side of the Judaizers instead. She, and the Royal Family were baptized according to the Judaizer tradition, furthermore, the future King Florianus Orestes IV was also circumcised, as were the rest of the men in the Royal Household. This began the Julianic-Florentine Messianic Royal Dynasty.
First Jewish Kingdom of Cospania (402 A.D. - 734 A.D.)
Despite the new state religion, and the mass conversion of the populace to Messianic Judaism, the new Jewish monarchy continued to support an open tolerance of other Christian sects throughout the Kingdom, which allowed for a substantial Catholic population to develop in the Western portion of the country, near the neighbooring Catholic Kingdom of Old Salisfordian Kingdom. This remarkedly liberal religious tolerance later went on to be a hallmark of the new Kingdom, allowing for a space in which peoples of all religions and Christian persuasions could peacefully flourish. The once child King, Florianus Orestes IV was largely unable to independently rule for much of his life, even after he became the age of 15, which at the time was considered the minimum age at which a monarch could rule in their own right, when he officially began to reign and the regency legally ended. However, while his mother was still alive, he was effectively a figurehead monarch while she was the power behind the throne. After she died in 430 A.D. Florianus Orestes IV began to rule independently. However, he was considered a rather poor ruler, as he was very unconfident in his own rule as King, and was overly reliant on untrustworthy advisors who manipulated him for their own gain. It is remarked that during his reign the military was cut in half and the public treasury went from having a sizeable surplus under his shrewd mother to having substantial debt by the end of his reign. In 434 A.D., at the age of 40, Florianus Orestes IV had a son, whom he named Manasseh I of Cospania. He continued to reign until his death in 451 A.D., at the age of 57. This was when the young Manasseh I began to reign at the age of 17. He was said to be a remarkable ruler, who worked to recover the public treasury and rebuilt the Cospanian navy. His death is recorded in 502 A.D. at the age of 68, meaning he reigned for an impressive 51 years. He fathered a series of successive rulers, culminating in the reign of Jehoram II, the last King of the first united monarchy.
Deltino Invasion of Cospania (734 A.D. - 740 A.D.)
In 734 A.D., the Kharzamite of Deltino lost the Deltinian Wars of the Nihil on the Northern Continent of Ecros and under the leadership of Selim I bin Abu Kharzan moved their military, government, and followers southward to the Continent of Sur. Up until this point, there was no enmity between the Kingdom of Cospania and those of the Islamic faith. Due to the open tolerance of religion, Muslim traders were allowed to, and did, come to Cospanian port towns to trade goods from the Northern Continent. This sudden development was a great surprise to King Jehoram II, and seeing as the incoming fleet was going to attempt to occupy land in Sur no matter the Cospanian response, Jehoram attempted to route the incoming invaders by scrambling the rather small and old Cospanian Naval fleet. This was ineffective and the Cospanian navy was routed at the Battle of the Cospanian Strait. This battle signified the beginning of the Cospanian-Deltino War, which was a six year long conflict that ended in 740 A.D. with the death of King Jehoram II and the ultimate division of the Cospanian Kingdom.
After the initial naval defeat, the King assembled a defensive force at the perceived landing point of Paeora. The city was besieged from the sea by the Deltino invaders for a month before it fell, marking the first time a Cospanian city had been conquered by an outside invasion force in almost 800 years. The humiliating defeat caused the King himself to lead the Cospanian defenses into battle, and with remarkable success as well. The King's forces managed to retake the city by the spring of 735. As it began to look like the incoming invasion was about to end as suddenly as it began, Selim I convinced the Catholic Bishop of Forlora, as well as a dozen Catholic noblemen to begin an uprising in the majority Catholic extreme West of Cospania. This alliance proved to be successful, as only a year later, in 736, the combined forces managed to push the royal defenses back past the city of Paeora, retaking the city. By the summer of 736, the combined Catholic-Deltino forces were outside the walls of the Capital City of Cispaltania. Jehoram, not wanting to lose face so easily, put up a pyrrhic defense of the city, which held out for four months before ultimately resulting in the breaching and sacking of the city later that year. In the midst of the chaos within the capital, Jehoram II was killed, meaning the rulership of the country fell to his 20 year old son who was sent to live East. His son Elisha was not immediately prepared to lead the remaining defending military, which allowed for the chance for the Catholic-Deltino alliance to create a 3 year long eastward offensive sweep the country, taking not just the entire west, but also the center of the country, now preparing to invade eastern Cospania as well.
Knowing that the Deltino force was ultimately drained of resources and men, and that their alliance with the Catholics was ultimately waning, as the Catholic forces had been promised independence of the western third of the country, which at this point had been already conquered; Elisha negotiated peace terms with the Deltino Caliphate, which ultimately proved to be humiliating for Cospania. The terms allowed for the Caliphate to keep their conquered territories, from the western border of the country to the easternmost point their armies were currently camped. Feeling betrayed, Elisha ensured the treaty specifically did not recognize the new nominally independent Catholic kingdom of the west, instead the treaty recognized those lands as being conquered territories of the Deltino Caliphate. In keeping with their prior agreement, the Deltino Caliphate allowed independence to the Catholic held western part of the country, and for their new territory, the Caliphate held what was the former center third of the nation, including the former capital city of Cispaltania.
The First 2 Kingdoms Period (740 A.D. - 1222 A.D.)
After the humiliating defeat suffered in 740, Elisha established his court at the city of Fiumacuarca, on the eastern coast of Cospania. Meanwhile, the new kingdom of the west became known as the Holy Kingdom of Fiumicino, with its king, Gracco Basileus I styling himself as a new king of Cospania, in opposition to the government of the east. As the Deltino Caliphate continued to expand southward, the two rival kingdoms continued to be at great enmity with one another. In 742, King Gracco began to force all Jewish residents of major cities throughout the kingdom into urban walled in ghettos, threatening to execute them should the Kingdom of Cospania not pay them ransom. The Kingdom of Cospania was very low on money at this point, as they had just come out of a very expensive war and had lost crucial territories and port cities. Unable to fully cover the cost of ransom with the public treasury, the King melted down half the gold in the palace, replacing it with bronze, and further raised funds from a public offering of the populace. With these combined efforts, the Kingdom was able to pay the ransom and the Jews were forced to remain in the ghettos, although unharmed. Later that year, in 742, Elisha committed suicide. The two kingdoms had a continual rivalry after this event, although full scale war was always an impossibility due to Deltino acting as a buffer state. Naval skirmishes and trade wars were very common between the two kingdoms. Slowly, the Cospanian Kingdom began to outpace Fiumicino in trade, development, and finances until they had affirmatively established their dominance. This period of hostile relations continued through, and after, the War of Cospanian Reconquest in 1222.
The Cospanian War of Reconquest (1222 A.D. - 1226 A.D.)
In the year 1222, Cospania was governed by a King under the title of Florianus Orestes V. While still remaining within the Jewish tradition, he had decided to return to the Romanyan title names of the past, and sought to return Cospania to a golden age as before. It was in the 5th year of his reign that he declared war on the Caliphate of Deltino, the year 1222. With a large fleet and army assembled, the King invaded Deltino lands bordering Cospania. Originally a very decisive war, it seemed victory was inevitable for the Kingdom of Cospania, however, the tide soon turned as Fiumicino forces began to engage the Cospanians at the Battle of Monte Forte, about a year into the war. This allowed the Caliphate to regroup their forces and send reinforcements to the north, changing the war from a quick and decisive conquest to pitched fighting across the area.
Despite this, the Cospanian army continued to send in more reinforcements for the reconquest, even though with the combined armies of Deltino and Fiumicino they were outnumbered about 4 to 1. The smaller, better equipped, Cospanian army continued to engage in fighting that could only be described as brutal until they had finally reached the walls of Cispaltania in the autumn of 1225. They besieged the city for 6 months before they finally were able to send troops inside the city walls to let in the invading Cospanian force. It is reported that the Deltino Muslim population of the city burned Mosques and Synagogues alike to the ground so as to prevent the Cospanian army from using either of these for the near future. It was at this point, in the spring of 1226, that the Suleiman II of Deltino was forced to sign a peace treaty with the Cospanians, so as to prevent further expansion southward. The Caliphate agreed to return all Cospanian lands it controlled to the Crown of Cospania, and it further relented that it would evacuate all Deltino Muslims from its former territory. Furthermore, the Caliph promised no intervention in any future war between Fiumicino and Cospania.
The Second 2 Kingdoms Period (1226 A.D. - 1365 A.D.)
Immediately after the victory against Deltino, King Florianus Orestes V began to plan an invasion of the Kingdom of Fiumicino, on the new Cospanian western border. However, due to the cost of the reconquest and the rebuilding of Cispaltania, the invasion was delayed and further planned for the spring of 1240. However, it was during this time that the Creeperian Crusade began. Fearing retaliation by the burgeoning Catholic kingdom to the south, and perhaps emboldening the Catholic monarchy of Salisford to come to their defense as well, the invasion plan was ultimately scrapped until a more opportune time could be had. Seeing that they had at least temporary protection from the much larger and more powerful Cospanian kingdom to the east, the Kingdom of Fiumicino began to place soldiers on the border between the two nations. In response, the Cospanian Kingdom did the same. It was during this period that Florianus Orestes V died and was replaced by his son Julianus Agrippa I. Julianus was a cautious ruler, fearing attack from his neighboring Catholic kingdoms at any moment, and so throughout his reign he intentionally avoided full scale conflict with Fiumicino.
However, this did not mean his reign was entirely peaceful, as there were still border and naval skirmishes happening from time to time. However, he carefully expanded Cospania's trade output, and substantially grew the already surplus national treasury. He too died without seeing his father's wish of a unified Cospania realized in 1359 A.D. He was succeeded by his 20 year old son Gaius Avitus I. Despite the Creeperian conquest of Deltino having ended years prior, the young Avitus feared the Catholic zealot king Miguel I. In response to these fears, he built up a large defensive army, believing that Cospania was to be attacked at any time.