Catholic Royalist Party

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Catholic Royalist Party

Partido Real Católico
AbbreviationPRC
CaudilloAntonio Sáenz Heredia
FounderFrancisco Dueñas Díaz
Founded3 December 1887; 135 years ago (1887-12-03)
Legalized10 December 1887; 134 years ago (1887-12-10)
Dissolved4 October 1949; 73 years ago (1949-10-04)
Split fromNational Conservative Party
Merged intoCreeperian Initiative
HeadquartersSan Salvador, Creeperopolis
NewspaperEl Gran Católico
Student wingFrente de Juventudes
Youth wingJuventudes Católicos
Women's wingSección Femenina
Paramilitary wingFalange Creeperiano
Membership (1930)2,900,000 (party claim)
IdeologySáenzism–Falangism
Political positionRight-wing to far-right
ReligionCreeperian Catholicism
National affiliationCreeperian Conservative Coalition
Colors  Red,   black,   gold
Slogan¡Presente por la'Patria!"
AnthemCara'l Sol
Parliament (1932)
25 / 100
Party flag from 1902.
Party flag from 1902.

The Catholic Royalist Party (Creeperian Spanish: Partido Real Católico; abbreviated PRC), also contemporarily referred to as the Sáenist Faction (Creeperian Spanish: Facción Sáenista) and The Fascists (Creeperian Spanish: Los'Fascistas)[note 1] by leftists, was a right-wing to far-right political party which was active from 1887 to 1949 during the Second Parliamentary Era of Creeperopolis.

The party split from the National Conservative Party (PCN) shortly after the its establishment due to disagreements over certain political agendas. It was founded by Francisco Dueñas Díaz, a former military commander during the Adolfisto. After his resignation as party leader in 1901, he was succeeded by Antonio Sáenz Heredia, who assumed total control of the party by 1902. With Sáenz Heredia as the party's Caudillo, the party shifted further to the right and adopted several new extreme-right ideologies. Additionally, the party established a paramilitary wing, the Falange Creeperiano, and began to adopt dictatorial ambitions, with the end goal of abolishing democracy in Creeperopolis and ruling the country with the Emperor as a figurehead. Despite various attempts to do so, political and civilian opposition prevented the party from completely taking control of the government, however, the party did wield significant power, with Sáenz Heredia holding the position of prime minister on four different occasions.

National Catholicism and monarchism were the party's primary ideologies, with other core ideologies being nationalism, social conservatism, and anti-secularism. From 1902, the party also adopted anti-atheism, anti-Islamism, anti-Protestantism, anti-communism, and in 1933, Romerism. The ideologies of the party have broadly been combined by political scientists as Sáenzism–Falangism.

During the Creeperian Civil War, the party supported the far-right Catholic Imperial Restoration Council (CRIC), being one of the faction's most important supporters. The Imperial Council eventually won the civil war, defeating the far-left National Council for Peace and Order (CNPO) in the Battle of the Zapatista River on 30 September 1949. On 4 October 1949, the party was abolished and merged into the Nationalist Creeperian Catholic Royal Initiative and the Pro-Fatherland Front of Unification (IRCCN y la'FPPU; Creeperian Initiative), together with the National Conservative Party and the Creeperian Pro-Fatherland Front. Sáenz Heredia was appointed as the new party's secretary and held the position until his death in 1957.

The Catholic Royalist Party is considered to be one of the most important political entities of the Second Parliamentary Era. Of the parties that merged to form the Creeperian Initiative, the structure and ideals of the Catholic Royalist Party were, and remain, the most pronounced, as the party currently is very National Catholic, monarchist, nationalist, anti-communist, and Romerist. Additionally, the party's symbol, the yugo y flechas (yoke and arrows), was added onto the flag of Creeperopolis in 1933 by the Imperial Council, and it currently remains on the national flag, solidifying the party's influence on modern Creeperopolis.

Names

The party was founded as the Catholic Royalist Party (Partido Real Católico; PRC) and it retained the same name throughout its entire existence, although, there were some proposals by some high-ranking party members to change the party's name to the Catholic Romerist Party (Partido Romeristo Católico; PRC) during the late-1940s.

Several leftists and leftists organizations had various pejorative nicknames for the Catholic Royalist Party. The most commonly used nickname was the Sáenist Faction (Facción Sáenista), or sometimes the Sáenist Band (Banda Sáenista). The party was also referred to as The Fascists (Las'Fascistas), however, the name was used less frequently towards the end of the Second Parliamentary Era as it had begun to be applied more in reference to the Creeperian Pro-Fatherland Front (FPPC). Some moderate-rightist politicians referred to the party as the Absolutists (Absolutos) and the Fundamentalists (Fundamentalistas).

History

Establishment: 1887–1892

Junior member of a coalition government: 1892–1901

Rise of Sáenz Heredia: 1901–1902

Sáenz Heredia's first term: 1902–1907

Inter-term: 1907–1912

Election of 1912 and Sáenz Heredia's second term: 1912–1917

Inter-term: 1917–1922

Sáenz Heredia's third term: 1922–1927

Crisis of 1928 and Sáenz Heredia's fourth term: 1927–1928

Final years of democracy: 1928–1933

Civil war and merge into the Initiative: 1933–1949

Party ideologies

Party composition

Command structure

Primary party leader

No. Leader Term
Term started Term ended
Chairman of the Catholic Royalist Party
1. Francisco Dueñas Díaz Francisco Dueñas Díaz
(1840–1905)
3 December 1887 13 December 1901
14 years and 10 days
2. Antonio Sáenz Heredia Antonio Sáenz Heredia
(1871–1957)
13 December 1901 17 February 1902
66 days
Caudillo of the Catholic Royalist Party
2. Antonio Sáenz Heredia Antonio Sáenz Heredia
(1871–1957)
17 February 1902 4 October 1949
47 years and 229 days

Party wings

Frente de Juventudes student wing

Juventudes Católicos youth wing

Sección Femenina women's wing

Falange Creeperiano paramilitary wing

Membership

Membership count

Primary demographics

Party ranks

Legacy

Party symbology

Symbols

Slogans

Party anthem: Cara'l Sol

Creeperian Spanish Translation
Cara'l Sol con la'camisa nueva,
Que bos bordaste en rojo ayer,
Me hallará la'muerte si me lleva,
Y no te vuelvo a ver.
Formaré junto a mis'compañeros,
Que hacen guardia sobre los'luceros,
Impasible'l ademán, y 'stán,
Presentes en nuestro afán.
Si te dicen que caí,
Me fui'l puesto que tengo allí.
Volverán banderas victoriosas,
Al paso alegre de la'paz,
Y traerán prendidas cinco rosas:
Las'flechas de mi haz.
Volverá a reír la'primavera,
Que por cielo, tierra, y mar sespera.
Arriba, escuadras a vencer,
¡Quen la'Patria empieza amanecer!
Facing the Sun with my new shirt,
Which you covered in blood yesterday,
Death will find me if it takes me,
And I won't see you again.
I will form together with my companions,
Who stand guard over the stars,
Their gesture is impassable, and they are,
Present in out eagerness.
If they tell you that I fell,
I went to the post I have there.
They will return with victorious banners,
At the joyous pace of peace,
And they bring five roses:
The arrows of my beam.
The spring will laugh again,
For by sky, land, and sea awaits.
Arise, squadrons to victory,
For in the Fatherland, dawn begins!

Electoral results

Parliament

Election Votes % Position Seats +/– Status in legislature Leader Notes
1887 399,319 14.41% Increase 3rd
10 / 100
New Opposition Francisco Dueñas Díaz
1892 520,832 15.76% Steady 3rd
11 / 100
Increase 1 Junior party in coalition Coalition with PCN
1897 1,113,760 33.21% Increase 2nd
33 / 100
Increase 22 Junior party in coalition Coalition with PCN
1902 1,677,072 44.83% Increase 1st
46 / 100
Increase 13 Senior party in coalition Antonio Sáenz Heredia Coalition with PCN
1907 847,654 23.48% Decrease 3rd
23 / 100
Decrease 23 Opposition
1912 1,166,073 36.59% Increase 1st
41 / 100
Increase 21 Senior party in coalition Coalition with PCN
Election widely believed to be fraudulent
1917 1,107,368 28.17% Decrease 2nd
29 / 100
Decrease 12 Opposition
1922 1,330,025 35.16% Increase 1st
36 / 100
Increase 7 Senior party in coalition Coalition with PCN
1927 1,721,673 30.18% Decrease 2nd
30 / 100
Decrease 6 Opposition
1932 1,035,759 26.02% Steady 2nd
25 / 100
Decrease 5 Junior party in coalition Coalition with PCN and FPPC

Departmental Captain Generals

See also

Notes

  1. The name "The Fascists" was initially applied by leftists to the Catholic Royalist Party, but with the establishment of the Creeperian Pro-Fatherland Front (FPPC) in 1921, the name began to be more frequently used in reference to the FPPC, however, the name was still applied to the PRC, but to a lesser degree.

External links