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Alfonso Cabañeras Moreno

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Alfonso Cabañeras Moreno
Presidente Jorge Ubico Castañeda.png
Photo of Alfonso Cabañeras Moreno in 1950.
Regent of Creeperopolis
In office
July 6, 1946 – December 5, 1956
6th Minister of Defense of Creeperopolis
In office
May 9, 1944 – July 14, 1976
Preceded byAdolfo Cabañeras Moreno
Succeeded byElías Carballal Aguayo
2nd Chief of the DINA
In office
May 9, 1944 – July 14, 1976
Preceded byAdolfo Cabañeras Moreno
Succeeded byElías Carballal Aguayo
Personal details
Born
Alfonso Adolfo Cabañeras Moreno

(1892-12-03)December 3, 1892
San Romero, San Romero, Creeperopolis
DiedJuly 14, 1976(1976-07-14) (aged 83)
San Salvador, San Salvador, Creeperopolis
NationalityCreeperian
Political partyCreeperian Pro-Fatherland Front (until 1949)
Creeperian Initiative (since 1949)
Spouse(s)
Selena Videla Céspedes
(m. 1922; died 1973)
Children1
RelativesCabañeras Family
Alma materAcademia de Guerra Creeperiano en San Salvador
Occupation
  • Military officer
ProfessionMilitary
Military service
AllegianceCreeperopolis Creeperopolis
Branch/serviceCreeperopolis Creeperian Army
Years of service1910-1976
RankInsignia of the Chief Field Marshal of Creeperopolis Chief Field Marshal
CommandsCreeperian Army
Battles/warsCreeperian Civil War Third Senvarian Insurgency
Papal War
Partisan Resistance in Creeperopolis
Salvadoran Revolution of 1956
Salvadoran Crisis of 1976
1976 Creeperian coup d'état attempt

Alfonso Adolfo Cabañeras Moreno (December 3, 1892-July 14, 1976) was the Minister of Defense of Creeperopolis and the Chief Field Marshal of the Creeperian Army from 1944 to 1976. He was one of the most important and prominent Romerist generals during the Creeperian Civil War.

Alfonso Cabañeras Moreno was appointed as Minister of Defense on May 9, 1944, by Emperor Romero I following the assassination of his brother, Adolfo Cabañeras Moreno. Cabañeras remained loyal to Emperor Romero I during the civil war.

He lead the Creeperian Army during the Salvadoran Revolution of 1956. As Chief of the DINA, torture was commonly used on prisoners.

Alfonso Cabañeras Moreno was assassinated during the 1976 Creeperian coup d'état attempt.

Early and Personal Life

Alfonso Adolfo Cabañeras Moreno was born to Jaime Cabañeras Zapata and María Moreno Ortega on December 3, 1892 in San Romero, San Romero. He is the youngest of two children with is older brother being Adolfo Cabañeras Moreno. He and his family were practicing Creeperian Catholics. He was absolutely abstemious, a habit that was strictly instilled in him by his father.

Military Career

Cabañeras Moreno entered the military in 1902 when he was 18 and studied to become a Field Marshal at the San Salvador Imperial Military Academy. In 1906, he graduated as a Colonel in the Creeperian Army. He gradually rose through the ranks and became a Field Marshal in 1931 after his brother Adolfo, who had just been elevated to Minister of Defense of Creeperopolis, promoted him.

During his military tenure before the civil war, Cabañeras Moreno was a supporter and member of the far-right Creeperian Pro-Fatherland Front and an outspoken anti-communist.

Creeperian Civil War

1933-1944

Emperor Adolfo IV died on January 2, 1933. His two sons, Romero I and Miguel VII each declared themselves as the rightful Emperor, with Romero I receiving the support of the right and Miguel VII receiving support from the left. Cabañeras Moreno sided with Romero I as he fell in line with his political beliefs.

Emperor Romero I assigned Cabañeras Moreno as the second most senior officer in the Romerist Army after his brother, Adolfo, who was given control of the entire Army.

By 1935, both the National Council for Peace and Order and the Catholic Imperial Restoration Council developed plans to end the stalemante and to turn the tide of the war in their favor. Miguelist Field Marshal Juan Salinas Figueroa created a plan which was approved by Miguel VII. The plan, called Operation State Secularism, was the planned invasion, occupation, and annexation of the State of the Church. The plan also involved assassinating Pope Pio XII in an attempt to shatter the morale of the pious Creeperian Catholics in an order to shatter resistance to the National Council and to diminish support of the Imperial Council.

Following the departure of Juan Salinas Figueroa, Alfonso Cabañeras Moreno sought a way to take advantage of the new Miguelist commander, Miguel Salinas Ortega. The National Council had control of the city of La'Libertad and the city served as the National Council's de facto capital while the Imperial Council controlled San Salvador. Cabañeras Moreno wanted to capture the city in an attempt to cause chaos in the Miguelist logistical system causing a disorder in leadership.

On March 17, 1936, the Imperial Council initiated combat with the National Council in La'Libertad. The attack was immediately bogged down by strong Miguelist fortifications and Miguelist artillery defense. By April 9, 1936, Imperial Council forces in La'Libertad were running low on supplies. Alfonso Cabañeras Moreno ordered a retreat from the city, ending the First Battle of La'Libertad with a National Council victory. During the retreat, Cabañeras Moreno massacred 340 Miguslist prisoners of war.

General Máximo Barrueco Morterero launched an offensive into the departments of Abdan, Helam, and Jakiz in order to "liberate" the Deltinians from atheist hands in August 1937. From August 1937 until January 1938, the Imperial Council made minimal gains. The offensive was forced to be cancelled in February 1938 due to a lack of supplies to continue the offensive. The Imperial Council fortified the frontline which had been established.

After the Southern Offensive of 1937-1938 generally failed, only resulting in the capture of Port Senvar, Alfonso Cabañeras Moreno planned a new northern offensive to take control of the department of San Miguel, which was renamed to "Emperador Miguel" in order to de-Catholicize the name. The offensive began in June 1938 and continued throughout 1938 ending in March 1939 with the fall of the city of San Miguel on March 2, 1939.

During the offensive, the Imperial Council launched a campaign of indescriminate murder against athiests in the department. Soldiers would crucify and burn atheists alive, a practice still carried out by villagers in the department in the present as a form of extrajudicial execution.

1944-1949

Alfonso Cabañeras Moreno in 1945.

On May 9, 1944, Adolfo Cabañeras Moreno was on his way to a generals' meeting near La'Libertad regarding the Second Battle of La'Libertad when he was assassinated by members of the Atheist Red Army disguised as photographers who threw and anti-tank grenade at his car. The grenade killed Adolfo Cabañeras Moreno, the driver, and Castillianan Field Marshal Luís Sánchez Cerro instantly. The two assassins were injured and knocked over by the grenade. Both were killed on site by the military escort.

Adolfo Cabañeras Moreno’s death was a major blow to Romerist morale and brought the Papal War to a temporary stalemate. His brother, Alfonso Cabañeras Moreno, was appointed as Minister of Defense and he would continue the Papal War in the south. His death also brought an end to the Dark Years and massacres became less frequent.

After two more years of fighitng, Cabañeras Moreno brought the Papal War to an end on March 17, 1946 after the final Miguelist soldiers withdrew.

On the evening of May 17, 1946, the Miguelist Air Force's 15th, 27th, and 28th Air Force Wings took off from airbases in Zapatista and flew over the city of San Salvador, the Romerist capital, to destroy fortifications and disorganize the Romerist garrison in the city in preparation for a Miguelist attack on the city. The goal was to capture the city, capture strategic air and naval bases, and shatter Romerist morale in an attempt to prolong the war and drain Romerist supplies and morale. The bombardment of the city began at approximately 10:27pm San Salvador Time. The 15th Air Force Wing was tasked with strategically bombing industrial complexes, military airports, and military ship yards along the Asambio, San Salvador, and Zapatista Rivers and along the coastlines of Lake San Salvador and Lake Zapatista to slow down Romerist manufacturing and production of armor and weapons. The 27th Air Force Wing was tasked with tactically bombing Romerist Army garrisons in the San Salvador department to hamper and delay an immediate Romerist response. The 28th Air Force Wing was ordered to attack civilian targets such as homes, schools, and specifically churches to destroy morale.

The bombing of the city endured from May 17 until May 24 the following week. In that time, the Romerists responded by mobilizing their 1st, 2nd, 3rd, 5th, 9th, and 11th Armies to defend the city from the Miguelist forces, beginning the Siege of San Salvador. The fighting degenerated into house-to-house fighting; both sides poured reinforcements into the city to prevent the other from gaining complete control. By 1948, 60% of the city had been reduced to rubble.

In June 1949, the Miguelists launched an offensive into western San Salvador which failed. The Romerists responded and launched an offensive into the eastern parts of the city controlled by the Miguelists. The Miguelists began to fall apart and a retreat order was given. Romero II ordered a no-quarter on Miguelist prisoners of war. The Miguelists completely withdrew out of the San Salvador Valley on August 30, 1949. The siege lasted three years, three months, one week, and six days.

San Salvador Trials

On September 30, 1949, the Romerists defeated the Miguelists for the last time at the Battle of the Zapatista River, ending the Creeperian Civil War. After the Creeperian Civil War ended, Alfonso Cabañeras Moreno helped establish the San Salvador Trials in San Salvador. The trial was to be of the four captured Miguelist commanders of the Battle of the Zapatista River: Marcos Martínez Castro (Marocs I), Miguel Salinas Ortega, José Bolívar Aguirre, and Mariano Alcocer Fraga.

The four were tried for violating the Constitution of Creeperopolis[lower-alpha 1], for participating in the De-Catholization, commonly known as the Creeperian Genocide, for participating in the Red Terror, for crimes against humanity, for war crimes, for apostasy, and for the murder of Emperor Romero I on July 6, 1946.

All four were found guily on all counts unanimously. When Mariano Alcocer Fraga, Cayetano Handel Carpio's successor as General-Secretary of the Atheist Red Army, was being sentenced, Sáenz Heredia gave a speech on why Alcocer Fraga must be punished to the full extent of the government's power. On December 25, 1949, Marcos Martínez Castro, Miguel Salinas Ortega, José Bolívar Aguirre, and Mariano Alcocer Fraga were all crucified and burned alive in front of the San Salvador Imperial Palace for civilians to watch.

Creeperian Conflicts

Condor Initiative

Alfonso Cabañeras Moreno in 1950.

Cabañeras Moreno was a key figure in the establishment of the Condor Initiative in 1950. The Condor Initiative is an ongoing campaign in Creeperopolis to oppress denial, commendation, and questioning of the De-Catholization. Communists, socialists, members of the National Council for Peace and Order, and atheists are common targets. The Condor Initiative is mostly commanded and conducted by the National Intelligence Directorate, Creeperopolis' secret police force.

The Condor Initiative was passed unanimously by the Council of Mayors by a margin of 6,123 for, 0 abstain, 0 against, and 0 absent, on July 6, 1950.

As a direct result of the passage of the Condor Initiative, denial, commendation, and questioning of the De-Catholization was made illegal in Creeperopolis. Denying, commending, and questioning the De-Catholization are punishable by the death penalty. The most notable execution on the basis of De-Catholization denial, commendation, or question is the Massacre of the Seven Thousand.

Salvadoran Revolution of 1956

On the afternoon of June 23, 1956, approximately 20,400 protesters convened next to the statue of Romero I, the Creeperian Emperor during the civil war. Paúl Sáenz Mina, President of the University of Ciudad Los'Ángeles, read a manifesto to the crowd, which included: The desire for El Salvador to be independent from all foreign powers (Creeperopolis); a political system based on a representative democracy; and citizens of El Salvador should have all the rights of free men. After the students read their proclamation, the crowd chanted a censored patriotic poem the "National Song", with the refrain: "This we swear, this we swear, that we will no longer be slaves." Someone in the crowd cut out the Salvadoran coat of arms from the Salvadoran flag, leaving a distinctive hole, and others quickly followed suit. Afterwards, most of the crowd moved to outside the capitol building. By 6pm, the multitude had swollen to more than 200,000 people; the demonstration was spirited, but peaceful.

Placing of the Salvadoran flag onto the remains of the dismantled statue of Romero I.

At 8pm, Carlos Castillo Armas broadcasted a speech condemning the writers' and students' demands. Angered by Castillo Armas' hard-line rejection, some demonstrators decided to carry out one of their demands, the removal of Romero I's 40-foot-high bronze statue that was erected in 1951. By 9:30pm, the statue was toppled and crowds celebrated by placing Salvadoran flags on Romero I's boots, which was all that was left of the statue.

At about the same time, a large crowd gathered at the radio station in the city, which was heavily guarded by the DINA. The flash point was reached as a delegation attempting to broadcast their demands was detained and the crowd grew increasingly unruly as rumours spread that the protesters had been shot. Tear gas was thrown from the upper windows and the DINA opened fire on the crowd, killing many. The DINA tried to re-supply itself by hiding arms inside an ambulance, but the crowd detected the ruse and intercepted it. Salvadoran soldiers sent to relieve the DINA under the command of Tomás Alemán Prats hesitated and then, tearing the Cross of Creeperopolis from their caps, sided with the crowd. Provoked by the DINA attack, protesters reacted violently. Police cars were set ablaze, guns were seized from military depots, and distributed to the masses and symbols of the Romerist regime were vandalized.

During the night of June 23, Carlos Castillo Armas requested a Creeperian military intervention "to suppress a demonstration that was reaching an ever greater and unprecedented scale". The Creeperian leadership ignored his demands, believing the situation wasn't serious, and even if it was, the Salvadoran army would take care of it. Armed protesters attempted to seize the radio building but were were fired upon by DINA guards who were then driven out as armed demonstrators arrived. At this point, the revolutionaries' wrath focused on the DINA.

On June 30, a mass of protesters gathered in front of the capitol building. DINA units began shooting into the crowd from the rooftops of neighboring buildings. Some Salvadoran soldiers returned fire on the DINA. Supplied by arms taken from the DINA or given by Salvadoran soldiers who joined the uprising, some in the crowd started shooting back. The attacks at the capitol forced the collapse of the government. Carlos Castillo Armas was captured by the revolutionaries on July 12 and publicly executed on July 13. Revolutionaries began an aggressive offensive against the remnants of the DINA isolated in El Salvador. Paúl Sáenz Mina declared the establishment of the Salvadoran Republic on July 13, 1956, with himself as Acting President.

On July 29, Tomás Alemán Prats' forces attacked the capitol building, killing many inside. Units led by Prats, after attacking the capitol building, later executed dozens of suspected Romerists, Creeperian sympathizers, and DINA members. Photographs showed victims with signs of torture. It was not until August 29, 1956, that the severity of the situation had reached San Salvador and Romero II was alerted to the situation. By September 1, most of central El Salvador had come under revolutionary control with the north and east remaining loyal to Creeperopolis.

On September 15, Sáenz received reports that Creeperian forces were planning an invasion of El Salvador. As a result, the Salvadoran Army was mobilized for total war with Creeperopolis. Romero II with the support of Chief Field Marshal Alfonso Cabañeras Moreno and Field Marshal Orlando López Jiménez planned the invasion of El Salvador for September 30. The Creeperian invasion was launched ahead of schedule on September 29 to attempt to catch the Salvadorans off guard should the plans have been leaked. The Salvadoran Army was prepared however, and fighting began on the border. Creeperian troops arrived to Ciudad Los'Ángeles on October 14, 1956, after heavy resistance from Salvadoran soldiers. From October 15-October 31, the city was constantly shelled to lower morale and the Salvadorans' will to fight.

On November 10, 1956, Sáenz and his government surrendered to the Creeperian Army. The remaining revolutionaries surrendered the following day, ending the Salvadoran Republic and the Revolution. In the immediate aftermath, many thousands of Salvadorans were arrested. Eventually, 26,000 of these were brought before the Creeperian courts, 22,000 were sentenced and imprisoned and 4,000 executed.

With El Salvador under Creeperian control by November 12, Rafael Videla Redondo became the Regent Grand Prince and the Salvadoran Civic Reconstruction Junta was established. Only one reform was made under Romero II and Cabañeras: the agreement to withdraw the DINA from El Salvador. (This reform would later be overturned by Alexander II during the 2019 martial law declaration.) Paúl Sáenz Mina and Tomás Alemán Prats were executed for treason in February 1957 in San Salvador. Creeperian censorship kept the revolution from the Creeperian population. It was only during the reign of Romero III was the revolution publicized and reforms truly began. Sympathy for the revolution remains illegal.

Partisan Resistance in Creeperopolis

From 1949 until 1957, left-wing partisans resisted Creeperian Romerist rule. The partisans consisted of communists, socialists, atheists, republicans, anarchists, and democrats. The partisan resistance was finally crushed by the Massacre of the Seven Thousand on April 5, 1957.

Salvadoran Crisis of 1976

The Salvadoran Crisis of 1976 was a period of political and military crisis in El Salvador from June 3 to 4, 1976. It began when Adalberto Rivera Carballo and Julio Rivera Carballo overthrew the government of the country and executed President Francisco José Guerrero and former President Eusebio Cordón Cea. Adalberto Rivera Carballo became de facto President while Julio Rivera Carballo became de facto Vice President. Wishing to avoid another Salvadoran Revolution, the Creeperian Armed Forces immediately intervened. Adalberto Rivera Carballo and Julio Rivera Carballo were killed on June 4, 1976 and the country was brought under control. Armando Molina Barraza was established as Acting President following the crisis.

Assassination

The 1976 Creeperian coup d'état attempt, also called the 1976 Creeperian Putsch, was a failed attempt to overthrow the influence of the Cabañeras Family in the Creeperian Armed Forces and Creeperian government. The coup was lead by Sergio Arellano Stark and Manuel Contreras Sepúlveda. The two sought to overthrow the Ministry of Defense and remove Alfonso Cabañeras Moreno from office. The coup attempt was inspired by the Salvadoran Crisis of 1976 the month prior.

The coup attempt succeeded in assassinating Cabañeras Moreno but failed in eliminating the power of the Cabañeras Family since he was succeeded by his son, Emmanuel Cabañeras Videla. Sergio Arellano Stark was killed during the coup while Manuel Contreras Sepúlveda was captured and executed. The coup initiated the 1976-1977 Creeperian Purges.

Legacy and Politics

Cabañeras Moreno is viewed as a war hero in Creeperian culture and as a national icon and great leader during the civil war. His legacy is celebrated and remembered on every July 14, the date of his assassination. He is commonly portrayed as a strong, diligent, and powerful figure in Creeperian history.

Cabañeras Moreno has had several military academies and streets named after him.

Cabañeras Moreno is seen as a war criminal to Senvarian and Sonsatepanian communities due to the several massacres he ordered as Chief Field Marshal.

Cabañeras Moreno was an outspoken anti-communist and member of the far-right Creeperian Pro-Fatherland Front (Frente Pro-Patria Creeperiano) political party. He was a firm believer in and supporter of absolute monarchy, militarism, national Catholicism, and ultranationalism.

Orders and Decorations

Domestic Decorations

Foreign Decorations

See Also

Notes

  1. The Constitution the Creeperian National Military Tribunal abided to was the Constitution which was adopted on October 4, 1949, after the end of the Creeperian Civil War. The Constitution that should have been enforced was the Creeperian Constitution of 1887 but it was disregarded. The judges voted unanimously to uphold the laws of the Creeperian Constitution of 1949 instead of the Creeperian Constitution of 1887.
Political offices
Preceded by
Chief Field Marshal Alfonso Cabañeras Moreno
Minister of Defense of Creeperopolis
May 9, 1944 – July 14, 1976
Succeeded by
General Elías Carballal Aguayo
Preceded by
Chief Field Marshal Alfonso Cabañeras Moreno
Chief of the DINA
May 9, 1944 – July 14, 1976
Succeeded by
General Elías Carballal Aguayo
Military offices
Preceded by
Position Established
Commander of the I Army Corps
January 2, 1933 – May 9, 1944
Succeeded by
Field Marshal Máximo Barrueco Morterero