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Adolfo Cabañeras Moreno

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Adolfo Cabañeras Moreno
Cabañeras Moreno in 1933.
Cabañeras Moreno in 1933.
5th Minister of Defense of Creeperopolis
In office
2 December 1931 – 9 May 1944
MonarchAdolfo IV (until 1933)
Romero I (from 1933)
Prime MinisterTobías Gaos Nores (until 1932)
Jorge Meléndez Ramírez (1932)
Máximo Illescas Freixa (from 1932)
Preceded byJaime Cabañeras Zapata
Succeeded byAlfonso Cabañeras Moreno
1st Minister of Intelligence of Creeperopolis
In office
26 April 1933 – 9 May 1944
MonarchRomero I
Prime MinisterMáximo Illescas Freixa
Preceded byPosition established
Succeeded byAlfonso Cabañeras Moreno
1st and 3rd Regional Commander of El Salvador
In office
17 June 1934 – 16 July 1935
MonarchRomero I
Preceded byCarlos Castillo Armas
Succeeded byCarlos Castillo Armas
In office
3 January 1933 – 2 July 1934
MonarchRomero I
Preceded byPosition established
Succeeded byCarlos Castillo Armas
Personal details
Born
Adolfo Alfonso Cabañeras Moreno

20 October 1890
San Romero, San Romero, Creeperopolis
Died9 May 1944(1944-05-09) (aged 53)
La'Libertad, La'Libertad, Creeperopolis
Cause of deathAssassination
Resting placeValley of the Fallen
Nationality Creeperopolis
Political partyCreeperian Pro-Fatherland Front
Spouse(s)
María Azaña Negrín (m. 1919⁠–⁠1944)
MotherMaría Moreno Ortega
FatherJaime Cabañeras Zapata
RelativesCabañeras Family
ResidenceCabañeras Estate
Alma materSan Salvador Imperial Military Academy
OccupationMilitary
Military service
Nickname(s)ACM
Allegiance Creeperopolis (1908–1933)
Creeperopolis Romerists (1933–1944)
Branch/serviceCreeperopolis Creeperian Army
Years of service1908–1944
RankChief Field Marshal Chief Field Marshal
CommandsCreeperian Armed Forces
Battles/warsThe Reigns of Terrors
Crisis of 1928
Creeperian Civil War
Salvadoran War
Papal War
Third Senvarian Insurgency

Adolfo Alfonso Cabañeras Moreno (20 October 1890 – 9 May 1944) was a Creeperian military officer who served as the Minister of Defense of Creeperopolis from 1931 to 1944. and the Minister of Intelligence of Creeperopolis from 1933 to 1944. He held the rank of Chief Field Marshal of the Creeperian Army and was one of the most important and prominent military leaders of the Catholic Imperial Restoration Council during the Creeperian Civil War.

Cabañeras Moreno was assassinated along with Field Marshal Luís Sánchez Cerro on 9 May 1944 by the Atheist Red Army.

Early and Personal Life

Adolfo Alfonso Cabañeras Moreno was born to Jaime Cabañeras Zapata and María Moreno Ortega on October 10, 1890 in San Romero, San Romero. He is the eldest of two children with is younger brother being Alfonso Cabañeras Moreno. He and his family were practicing Creeperian Catholics. He was absolutely abstemious, a habit that was strictly instilled in him by his father.

Military Career

Cabañeras Moreno entered the military in 1908 when he was 18 and studied to become the next Minister of Defense like his father at the San Salvador Imperial Military Academy. In 1912, he graduated as a Colonel in the Creeperian Army. He gradually rose through the ranks and became a Field Marshal in 1930.

His father died on December 2, 1931, leaving Cabañeras Moreno to succeed his father as Minister of Defense of Creeperopolis, the most powerful position in Creeperopolis third only to the Prime Minister and the Emperor.

During his military tenure before the civil war, Cabañeras Moreno was a supporter and member of the far-right Creeperian Pro-Fatherland Front and an outspoken anti-communist.

Creeperian Civil War

1933-1935

Emperor Adolfo IV died on January 2, 1933. His two sons, Romero I and Miguel VII each declared themselves as the rightful Emperor, with Romero I receiving the support of the right and Miguel VII receiving support from the left. Cabañeras Moreno sided with Romero I as he fell in line with his political beliefs.

Emperor Romero I assigned Cabañeras Moreno as the most senior officer in the Romerist Army and gave him control of the entire Army.

During the 1933, Cabañeras Moreno was tasked with driving out the Miguelists from the client state of El Salvador. His brothers were tasked with driving out the Miguelists from the north and the south, respectively.

Operation Desert Valley was the codename for the Romerist battle plan to drive out the Miguelists from El Salvador and to force the Miguelist puppet, the State of Granada, to capitulate. Cabañeras Moreno led his army along the Granada River on their way to the Salvadoran, now Miguelist, capital of Ciudad Los'Ángeles. The operation lasted from 1933 until the fall of Ciudad Los'Ángeles to Cabañeras Moreno's forces in 1935, bringing an end to the Salvadoran War. Following the end of the war, the Salvadoran Provisional Government of National Accord was established as a military junta lead and headed by Carlos Castillo Armas.

1935-1939

With the fall of the Miguelist power in El Salvador and the capture of Ciudad Los'Ángeles, Cabañeras Moreno was reassigned to fight the newly formed Senvarian Liberation Front in Senvar and Sonsatepan. His armies were ordered to give no quarter to the Senvarian and Sonsatepanian fighters as the Creeperian government sees them as "lesser races." As a result, many massacres of prisoners of war occurred under Cabañeras Moreno's command and orders from 1935-1937.

In 1936, Cabañeras Moreno suggested that the Creeperian government should establish a maximum facility prison for any prisoners deemed to be fit enough to work. As a result, Tuxtla Martínez-Panachor Concentration Camp opened its doors in 1936 and continues to operate to this day.

Adolfo Cabañeras Moreno reading orders to his officers during the Papal War, March 1938.

In 1936, he was again reassigned to lead the army in the Papal War. Cabañeras Moreno himself ordered his soldiers to kill any captured SLF or Miguelist soldiers. He told his men: “These animals have attacked the Church of God and has desecrated God's land, and they must suffer for their crimes against God.”

1939-1944

Cabañeras Moreno was a major figure during the Dark Years of Creeperian history.

During the Dark Years, massacres, genocide, ethnocide, and crimes against humanity were widespread. Cabañeras Moreno himself personally ordered the killings of Senvarian and Sonsatepanian soldiers during the Papal War from 1939-1944. The Huizúcar Massacre was the first massacre which openly targeted Senvarian civilians which occurred on the Senvar-Zapatista border in 1940. The massacre claimed 2,300 civilian lives.

The Huizúcar Massacre was responded to by the Talnique Massacre where the Senvarian Liberation Front executed 729 Creeperian prisoners of war and 211 civilians.

Adolfo Cabañeras Moreno (center) with fellow Romerist generals during the Creeperian Civil War, January 1942.

Each side committed massacres back and forth claiming to “retaliate” and “take revenge” for the previous massacre. Almost all of the massacres committed by both sides were ordered to be committed directly from commanding authorities. Cabañeras Moreno himself is responsible for and ordered at least 100 massacres and, at the maximum, up to over 400 massacres, by far the most of any commanding general of either side and even more than Adolfo Rivera López, the commander of the death squad Sombra Negra.

Adolfo Cabañeras Moreno (fourth from left) at a military rally in Salvador, November 1943.

Despite the massacres he committed, Cabañeras Moreno has continued to be seen by the Creeperian population as a war hero for the Romerist cause during the Creeperian Civil War.

Assassination

On May 9, 1944, Cabañeras Moreno was on his way to a generals' meeting in La'Libertad when he was assassinated by members of the Atheist Red Army disguised as photographers who threw and anti-tank grenade at his car. The grenade killed Cabañeras Moreno, the driver, and Castillianan Field Marshal Luís Sánchez Cerro instantly. The two assassins were injured and knocked over by the grenade. Both were killed on site by the military escort.

Cabañeras' car which was struck by an anti-tank grenade.

Cabañeras Moreno's death was a major blow to Romerist morale and brought the Papal War to a temporary stalemate. His brother, Alfonso Cabañeras Moreno, was appointed as Minister of Defense and he would continue the Papal War in the south. His death also brought an end to the Dark Years and massacres became less frequent. However, Sombra Negra, in retaliation for Cabañeras Moreno's death, massacred over 25,000 civilians, mostly Deltinians, in what became known as the infamous Denshire Massacre.

Legacy and Politics

Cabañeras Moreno is viewed as a war hero in Creeperian culture and as a national icon and great leader during the civil war. His legacy is celebrated and remembered on every May 9, the date of his assassination. He is commonly portrayed as a strong, diligent, and powerful figure in Creeperian history.

Adolfo Cabañeras Moreno was an outspoken supporter of the far-right Creeperian Pro-Fatherland Front and Carlos Hernández Videla.

Cabañeras Moreno has had several military academies and streets named after him, mostly in San Romero, his home department.

A detatchment of the Militarist Nationalist Front, a Creeperian death squad (abbreviated FRENAMI), was named after Cabañeras Moreno in 1945.

Cabañeras Moreno is seen as a war criminal to Senvarian and Sonsatepanian communities due to the several massacres he ordered as Chief Field Marshal.

Cabañeras Moreno was an outspoken anti-communist and member of the far-right Creeperian Pro-Fatherland Front (Frente Pro-Patria Creeperiano) political party. He was a firm believer in and supporter of absolute monarchy, militarism, national Catholicism, and ultranationalism.

Orders and Decorations

Domestic Decorations

Foreign Decorations

See Also

Political offices
Preceded by
Chief Field Marshal Jaime Cabañeras Zapata
Minister of Defense of Creeperopolis
December 2, 1931 – May 9, 1944
Succeeded by
Chief Field Marshal Alfonso Cabañeras Moreno
Preceded by
Position Established
Chief of the DINA
April 26, 1933 – May 9, 1944
Succeeded by
Chief Field Marshal Alfonso Cabañeras Moreno
Military offices
Preceded by
Position Established
Regional Commander of El Salvador
January 3, 1933 – July 2, 1933
Succeeded by
Field Marshal Carlos Castillo Armas
Preceded by
Field Marshal Carlos Castillo Armas
Regional Commander of El Salvador
June 17, 1934 – July 16, 1935
Succeeded by
Field Marshal Carlos Castillo Armas