1912 Creeperian general election

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1912 Creeperian general election

← 1907 1 December 1912 1917 →
Registered9,785,129
Turnout51.18%
  First party Second party Third party
  Antonio José Sáenz Heredia Macos Marcos Espiga Mina Inhué Manuel Ordóñez Yepes
Leader Antonio Sáenz Heredia Macos Espiga Mina Inhué Ordóñez Yepes
Party Catholic Royalist National Conservative National Liberal
Alliance Conservative Conservative People's Social
Leader since 13 December 1901 1 December 1887 1 December 1887
Leader's seat San Romero 1 San Miguel 2 La'Libertad 1
Last election 23 24 43
Seats won 41 29 29
Seat change Increase 18 Increase 5 Decrease 14
Popular vote 2,102,482 1,459,219 1,129,116
Percentage 41.98 29.14 22.54

  Fourth party Fifth party
  Édgar Diego Cazalla Beldad Joel Óscar Lacasa Campos
Leader Édgar Cazalla Beldad Joel Lacasa Campos
Party Socialist Social Communist
Alliance People's Social People's Social
Leader since 3 December 1887 1 June 1905
Leader's seat San Salvador 5
(lost election)
Senvar 3
(lost election)
Last election 4 1
Seats won 1 0
Seat change Decrease 3 Decrease 1
Popular vote 249,847 67,649
Percentage 4.99 1.35

Prime Minister before election

Inhué Ordóñez Yepes
National Liberal Party

Prime Minister after election

Antonio Sáenz Heredia
Catholic Royalist Party

The 1912 Creeperian general election occurred on Sunday, 1 December 1912, in accordance with the constitution of the State of Creeperopolis. All 100 seats of the parliament and all 19 captain generals (governors of departments).

The election resulted in a landslide victory for the Creeperian Conservative Coalition (CCC), which won a 70 seat supermajority. The election has since been widely believed to have been rigged in favor of the conservatives, being effectively denounced as fraudulent by historians and political scientists. Evidence suggested that hundreds of thousands of votes for the National Liberal Party (PLN), the Creeperian Socialist Party (PSC), and the Creeperian Social Communist Party (PCSC), were either counted as a vote for the Catholic Royalist Party (PRC) and the National Conservative Party (PCN) instead, were labeled as "blank" or "invalid," or simply not counted at all.

The outcome of the election resulted in widespread protests against Antonio Sáenz Heredia, the elected prime minister, demanding his resignation and for new elections. The protests lasted around three months with Sáenz Heredia suppressing protests against his government with the Civil Police, the Creeperian Army, and the Falange Creeperiano, the paramilitary wing of the PRC. Sáenz Heredia remained as prime minister for his second term until 1917.

The Creeperian Initiative has subsequently declared that the results of the election were legitimate in 1953. Until his death in 1957, Sáenz Heredia continued to deny any allegations of rigging the election.

Background

Electoral system

The 1912 general election was conducted with a first-past-the-post voting system, with the candidate with the most votes winning their respective election. The voting system applied to all elections.

Results

Parliamentary results

1 29 29 41
PSC PLN PCN PRC
1912 Creeperian general election.svg
Party Leader Representatives Votes
Of total +/– Of total
Catholic Royalist Party Antonio Sáenz Heredia 41 41.0%
41 / 100
+18 2,102,482 41.98%
41.98%
National Conservative Party Macos Espiga Mina 29 29.0%
29 / 100
+5 1,459,219 29.14%
29.14%
National Liberal Party Inhué Ordóñez Yepes 29 29.0%
29 / 100
–14 1,129,116 22.54%
22.54%
Creeperian Socialist Party Édgar Cazalla Beldad 1 1.0%
1 / 100
–3 249,847 4.99%
4.99%
Creeperian Social Communist Party Joel Lacasa Campos 0 0.0%
0 / 100
–1 67,649 1.35%
1.35%
Blank and invalid votes 249,416
Total 18 5,008,313 100%
Registered voters and turnout 9,785,129 51.18%

Departmental results

1912 Creeperian general election – captain generals.svg
Department Captain general before election Elected captain general election
Abdan José Sanjurjo Mena (PSC) Víctor Aguirre Quesada (PCN)
Adolfosburg Orlando Dutarte Ureña (PSC) Alberto Galván Figueroa (PLN)
Helam Alfonso Torres León (PLN) Carlos Regalado Videla (PCN)
Jakiz Emmanuel Villanova Zaldívar (PSC) Jaime Navarro Escalón (PCN)
La'Libertad Vicente Salinas Henríquez (PLN) Vicente Salinas Henríquez (PLN)
La'Unión Carlos Viareal Ramírez (PLN) Evelio Guzmán López (PCN)
Rakeo Domingo Chamorro Castellón (PCN) Jorge Montt Mendoza (PRC)
Salvador Guillermo Valdéz Obregón (PRC) Guillermo Valdéz Obregón (PRC)
San Carlos Islands Antonio Gutiérrez Avendaño (PRC) Antonio Gutiérrez Avendaño (PRC)
San Luís Miguel Nores Alvarenga (PLN) Javíer Flores Molina (PRC)
San Miguel Mario Tejón Linares (PLN) Mario Tejón Linares (PLN)
San Pedro Fabián Mejía Serrano (PSC) Fabián Mejía Serrano (PSC)
San Romero Calixto Jerez Pérez (PRC) Calixto Jerez Pérez (PRC)
San Salvador Antonio Figueroa Heredia (PLN) Antonio Guerrero Menéndez (PRC)
San Salvador del Norte Rodrigo Herrera Jalisco (PRC) Rodrigo Herrera Jalisco (PRC)
Santa Ana Norberto Yagüe Zapata (PLN) Leonardo Huerta Juárez (PRC)
Senvar José Videla Buenaventura (PSC) José Videla Buenaventura (PSC)
Sonsatepan Eduardo Molina Castro (PCSC) Óscar Casanova Fuentes (PLN)
Zapatista Miguel Rosales Durán (PSC) Juan Morales Quijada (PSC)

Controversy

See also